Light action spectrum on oxidative stress and mitochondrial damage in A2E-loaded retinal pigment epithelium cells View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle      Open Access: True


Article Info

DATE

2018-02-19

AUTHORS

Mélanie Marie, Karine Bigot, Claire Angebault, Coralie Barrau, Pauline Gondouin, Delphine Pagan, Stéphane Fouquet, Thierry Villette, José-Alain Sahel, Guy Lenaers, Serge Picaud

ABSTRACT

AIMS: Blue light is an identified risk factor for age-related macular degeneration (AMD). We investigated oxidative stress markers and mitochondrial changes in A2E-loaded retinal pigment epithelium cells under the blue-green part of the solar spectrum that reaches the retina to better understand the mechanisms underlying light-elicited toxicity. RESULTS: Primary retinal pigment epithelium cells were loaded with a retinal photosensitizer, AE2, to mimic aging. Using a custom-made illumination device that delivers 10 nm-wide light bands, we demonstrated that A2E-loaded RPE cells generated high levels of both hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) and superoxide anion (O2•-) when exposed to blue-violet light. In addition, they exhibited perinuclear clustering of mitochondria with a decrease of both their mitochondrial membrane potential and their respiratory activities. The increase of oxidative stress resulted in increased levels of the oxidized form of glutathione and decreased superoxide dismutase (SOD) and catalase activities. Furthermore, mRNA expression levels of the main antioxidant enzymes (SOD2, catalase, and GPX1) also decreased. CONCLUSIONS: Using an innovative illumination device, we measured the precise action spectrum of the oxidative stress mechanisms on A2E-loaded retinal pigment epithelium cells. We defined 415-455 nm blue-violet light, within the solar spectrum reaching the retina, to be the spectral band that generates the highest amount of reactive oxygen species and produces the highest level of mitochondrial dysfunction, explaining its toxic effect. This study further highlights the need to filter these wavelengths from the eyes of AMD patients. More... »

PAGES

287

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1038/s41419-018-0331-5

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41419-018-0331-5

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1101104339

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/29459695


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28 schema:description AIMS: Blue light is an identified risk factor for age-related macular degeneration (AMD). We investigated oxidative stress markers and mitochondrial changes in A2E-loaded retinal pigment epithelium cells under the blue-green part of the solar spectrum that reaches the retina to better understand the mechanisms underlying light-elicited toxicity. RESULTS: Primary retinal pigment epithelium cells were loaded with a retinal photosensitizer, AE2, to mimic aging. Using a custom-made illumination device that delivers 10 nm-wide light bands, we demonstrated that A2E-loaded RPE cells generated high levels of both hydrogen peroxide (H<sub>2</sub>O<sub>2</sub>) and superoxide anion (O<sub>2</sub><sup>•-</sup>) when exposed to blue-violet light. In addition, they exhibited perinuclear clustering of mitochondria with a decrease of both their mitochondrial membrane potential and their respiratory activities. The increase of oxidative stress resulted in increased levels of the oxidized form of glutathione and decreased superoxide dismutase (SOD) and catalase activities. Furthermore, mRNA expression levels of the main antioxidant enzymes (SOD2, catalase, and GPX1) also decreased. CONCLUSIONS: Using an innovative illumination device, we measured the precise action spectrum of the oxidative stress mechanisms on A2E-loaded retinal pigment epithelium cells. We defined 415-455 nm blue-violet light, within the solar spectrum reaching the retina, to be the spectral band that generates the highest amount of reactive oxygen species and produces the highest level of mitochondrial dysfunction, explaining its toxic effect. This study further highlights the need to filter these wavelengths from the eyes of AMD patients.
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35 schema:keywords A2E-loaded RPE cells
36 A2E-loaded retinal pigment epithelium cells
37 AE2
38 AMD patients
39 Primary retinal pigment epithelium cells
40 RPE cells
41 action spectrum
42 activity
43 addition
44 age-related macular degeneration
45 aging
46 amount
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53 catalase activity
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84 mRNA expression levels
85 macular degeneration
86 main antioxidant enzymes
87 markers
88 mechanism
89 membrane potential
90 mitochondria
91 mitochondrial changes
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93 mitochondrial dysfunction
94 mitochondrial membrane potential
95 need
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99 oxygen species
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