Tocilizumab for the treatment of severe steroid-refractory acute graft-versus-host disease of the lower gastrointestinal tract View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle     


Article Info

DATE

2019-02

AUTHORS

Alex Ganetsky, Noelle V. Frey, Elizabeth O. Hexner, Alison W. Loren, Saar I. Gill, Selina M. Luger, James K. Mangan, Mary Ellen Martin, Daria V. Babushok, William R. Drobyski, Jacqueline Smith, Colleen Timlin, Craig W. Freyer, Edward A. Stadtmauer, David L. Porter

ABSTRACT

Steroid-refractory (SR) acute gastrointestinal (GI) graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) is associated with significant mortality in allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplantation recipients. We retrospectively evaluated the efficacy of tocilizumab for the treatment of SR biopsy-proven acute lower GI GVHD in 16 consecutive adult transplant recipients between October 2015 and July 2016. Tocilizumab 8 mg/kg was administered every 2 weeks until achievement of complete response, defined as resolution of all manifestations of GI GVHD, or until patients had progression or initiation of other therapy. Ten of 16 patients (62.5%; 95% CI, 0.39-82) achieved a complete response after a median time of 11 days (range, 2-28 days) from tocilizumab initiation. The median time to response onset (improvement in stage by at least 1) was 1 day (range, 1-4 days). Tocilizumab was administered at a median of 9 days (range, 3-75 days) from GVHD diagnosis and 10 days (range, 3-75 days) from initiation of high-dose steroids. At a median follow-up of 7.6 months (range, 0.8-27.7 months) from initiation of tocilizumab, 6/16 (37.5%) patients are alive and free of their underlying hematologic malignancy. Tocilizumab appears to be a highly active agent for the treatment of severe SR lower GI acute GVHD. More... »

PAGES

212-217

References to SciGraph publications

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1038/s41409-018-0236-z

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41409-018-0236-z

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1104160415

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/29795429


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25 schema:description Steroid-refractory (SR) acute gastrointestinal (GI) graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) is associated with significant mortality in allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplantation recipients. We retrospectively evaluated the efficacy of tocilizumab for the treatment of SR biopsy-proven acute lower GI GVHD in 16 consecutive adult transplant recipients between October 2015 and July 2016. Tocilizumab 8 mg/kg was administered every 2 weeks until achievement of complete response, defined as resolution of all manifestations of GI GVHD, or until patients had progression or initiation of other therapy. Ten of 16 patients (62.5%; 95% CI, 0.39-82) achieved a complete response after a median time of 11 days (range, 2-28 days) from tocilizumab initiation. The median time to response onset (improvement in stage by at least 1) was 1 day (range, 1-4 days). Tocilizumab was administered at a median of 9 days (range, 3-75 days) from GVHD diagnosis and 10 days (range, 3-75 days) from initiation of high-dose steroids. At a median follow-up of 7.6 months (range, 0.8-27.7 months) from initiation of tocilizumab, 6/16 (37.5%) patients are alive and free of their underlying hematologic malignancy. Tocilizumab appears to be a highly active agent for the treatment of severe SR lower GI acute GVHD.
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