Sustained RNA virome diversity in Antarctic penguins and their ticks View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle      Open Access: True


Article Info

DATE

2020-04-14

AUTHORS

Michelle Wille, Erin Harvey, Mang Shi, Daniel Gonzalez-Acuña, Edward C. Holmes, Aeron C. Hurt

ABSTRACT

Despite its isolation and extreme climate, Antarctica is home to diverse fauna and associated microorganisms. It has been proposed that the most iconic Antarctic animal, the penguin, experiences low pathogen pressure, accounting for their disease susceptibility in foreign environments. There is, however, a limited understanding of virome diversity in Antarctic species, the extent of in situ virus evolution, or how it relates to that in other geographic regions. To assess whether penguins have limited microbial diversity we determined the RNA viromes of three species of penguins and their ticks sampled on the Antarctic peninsula. Using total RNA sequencing we identified 107 viral species, comprising likely penguin associated viruses (n = 13), penguin diet and microbiome associated viruses (n = 82), and tick viruses (n = 8), two of which may have the potential to infect penguins. Notably, the level of virome diversity revealed in penguins is comparable to that seen in Australian waterbirds, including many of the same viral families. These data run counter to the idea that penguins are subject to lower pathogen pressure. The repeated detection of specific viruses in Antarctic penguins also suggests that rather than being simply spill-over hosts, these animals may act as key virus reservoirs. More... »

PAGES

1768-1782

References to SciGraph publications

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  • 2019-06-25. Virome heterogeneity and connectivity in waterfowl and shorebird communities in THE ISME JOURNAL: MULTIDISCIPLINARY JOURNAL OF MICROBIAL ECOLOGY
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  • 2011-05-15. Full-length transcriptome assembly from RNA-Seq data without a reference genome in NATURE BIOTECHNOLOGY
  • 2018-04-04. The evolutionary history of vertebrate RNA viruses in NATURE
  • 2014-11-17. Fast and sensitive protein alignment using DIAMOND in NATURE METHODS
  • 1997-05. Poultry virus infection in Antarctic penguins in NATURE
  • 2014-12-13. Infectious diseases of Antarctic penguins: current status and future threats in POLAR BIOLOGY
  • 2018-06-08. Multi-year serological evaluation of three viral agents in the Adélie Penguin (Pygoscelis adeliae) on Ross Island, Antarctica in POLAR BIOLOGY
  • 1987-03. Treatment of acute pulmonary embolism by a low molecular weight heparin fraction. A preliminary study in INTENSIVE CARE MEDICINE
  • 2006-11-07. Habitat requirements of the seabird tick, Ixodes uriae (Acari: Ixodidae), from the Antarctic Peninsula in relation to water balance characteristics of eggs, nonfed and engorged stages in JOURNAL OF COMPARATIVE PHYSIOLOGY B
  • 2016-11-23. Redefining the invertebrate RNA virosphere in NATURE
  • 2012-03-04. Fast gapped-read alignment with Bowtie 2 in NATURE METHODS
  • Identifiers

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    http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1038/s41396-020-0643-1

    DOI

    http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41396-020-0643-1

    DIMENSIONS

    https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1126645175

    PUBMED

    https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/32286545


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