Electrical stimulation—a mapping system for hand dysfunction in tetraplegia View Full Text


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Article Info

DATE

2018-01-22

AUTHORS

Ines Bersch, Sabrina Koch-Borner, Jan Fridén

ABSTRACT

Study designRetrospective data analysisObjectivesTo define the distribution of the motor points and excitability of the key wrist and finger actuators in order to detect upper (UMN) and lower motor neuron (LMN) lesions potentially influencing the development of a tenodesis grasp.SettingA rehabilitation centre for spinal cord injuries, Nottwil, Switzerland.MethodsForearm muscles of 32 patients with tetraplegia (AIS A–D) were tested bilaterally with electrical stimulation (ES) to differentiate whether UMN or LMN was present. For testing, a standardised mapping was developed. All patients underwent the same positioning schedule.ResultsSixteen hands developed a tenodesis grasps, 24 hands showed neither shortening nor tightening of the finger flexors. Two patients developed unilateral tenodesis grasp and showed no tightening of the finger flexors on the contralateral hand. Seven patients developed tenodesis grasps symmetrically and bilaterally, whereas one maintained an essentially open hand without tightening of the finger flexors. All hands that developed a tenodesis grasp showed a LMN lesion of the M. extensor digitorum communis (EDC). The frequency of the tenodesis grasp differed significantly between the groups with and without intact reflex arc (p < 0.0001).ConclusionSurface ES may serve as a diagnostic tool to detect an UMN or LMN lesion of the key actuator muscles affecting the tenodesis grasp. These findings provide information that is essential for the choice of treatment to optimise function of the tetraplegic hand. More... »

PAGES

516-522

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URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1038/s41393-017-0042-2

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41393-017-0042-2

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https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1100560174

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/29358674


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