Bone status in relation to ambulatory performance in girls with Rett syndrome: a 10-year longitudinal study View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle     


Article Info

DATE

2019-04

AUTHORS

Carla Caffarelli, Valentina Francolini, Joussef Hayek, Giuseppe Valacchi, Stefano Giannotti, Ranuccio Nuti, Stefano Gonnelli

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Low bone mass is a frequent and early complication of girls with Rett syndrome. As a consequence of the low bone mass, Rett patients are at an increased risk of fragility fractures. This study aimed to investigate the long-term influences of mobility on bone status in girls with Rett syndrome. METHODS: In 58 girls with Rett syndrome, biochemical parameters and quantitative ultrasound parameters at phalanges (amplitude-dependent speed of sound: AD-SoS and bone transmission time: BTT) were measured at baseline and after 5 and 10 years. The subjects were divided into two groups: nonambulatory (n = 28) and ambulatory (n = 30). RESULTS: In nonambulatory Rett subjects, the values of AD-SoS and BTT were significantly lower than in ambulatory Rett subjects at each time point. However, during the 10-year follow-up both ambulatory and nonambulatory Rett patients showed a similar worsening in their bone status. CONCLUSION: This longitudinal study suggests that both ambulatory and nonambulatory Rett subjects present a progressive deterioration of bone status as assessed by quantitative ultrasound parameters, and the ambulatory impairment and the nutritional status seem to play a key role in the deterioration of bone status. More... »

PAGES

639-643

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1038/s41390-018-0111-z

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41390-018-0111-z

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1106070321

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/30188498


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38 schema:description BACKGROUND: Low bone mass is a frequent and early complication of girls with Rett syndrome. As a consequence of the low bone mass, Rett patients are at an increased risk of fragility fractures. This study aimed to investigate the long-term influences of mobility on bone status in girls with Rett syndrome. METHODS: In 58 girls with Rett syndrome, biochemical parameters and quantitative ultrasound parameters at phalanges (amplitude-dependent speed of sound: AD-SoS and bone transmission time: BTT) were measured at baseline and after 5 and 10 years. The subjects were divided into two groups: nonambulatory (n = 28) and ambulatory (n = 30). RESULTS: In nonambulatory Rett subjects, the values of AD-SoS and BTT were significantly lower than in ambulatory Rett subjects at each time point. However, during the 10-year follow-up both ambulatory and nonambulatory Rett patients showed a similar worsening in their bone status. CONCLUSION: This longitudinal study suggests that both ambulatory and nonambulatory Rett subjects present a progressive deterioration of bone status as assessed by quantitative ultrasound parameters, and the ambulatory impairment and the nutritional status seem to play a key role in the deterioration of bone status.
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