The phosphorylation of CD147 by Fyn plays a critical role for melanoma cells growth and metastasis View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle     


Article Info

DATE

2020-04-14

AUTHORS

Xu Zhang, Zunnan Huang, Yeye Guo, Ta Xiao, Ling Tang, Shuang Zhao, Lisha Wu, Juan Su, Weiqi Zeng, Hongbin Huang, Zheng Li, Juan Tao, Jianda Zhou, Xiang Chen, Cong Peng

ABSTRACT

CD147, also known as extracellular matrix metalloproteinase inducer (EMMPRIN), is a transmembrane glycoprotein that is highly expressed in tumor cells, particularly melanoma cells, and plays critical roles in tumor cell metastasis through the regulation of matrix metalloprotease (MMP) expression. In this study, we identified Fyn as a novel interacting protein of CD147. Fyn is a member of the Src family of nonreceptor tyrosine kinases that regulates diverse physiological processes, such as T lymphocyte differentiation, through the TCR signaling pathway. Our findings demonstrated that Fyn directly phosphorylates CD147 at Y140 and Y183. Two phosphospecific antibodies against Y140 and Y183 were developed to validate the phosphorylation of CD147 by Fyn. Moreover, the CD147-FF (Y140F/Y183F) mutation impaired the interaction between CD147 and GnT-V, leading to decreased CD147 glycosylation and membrane recruitment. In addition, CD147-FF significantly blocked MMP-9 expression as well as cell migration. Moreover, we found that Fyn is overexpressed in clinical melanoma tissues as well as in melanoma cell lines. Knockdown of Fyn expression markedly attenuated the malignant phenotype of melanoma cells in vitro and in vivo through downregulation of CD147 phosphorylation, indicating that Fyn/CD147 is a potential target molecule in melanoma treatment. Finally, through virtual screening, we identified amodiaquine as a potential inhibitor targeting the Fyn/CD147 axis. Amodiaquine treatment dramatically inhibited the phosphorylation of CD147 by Fyn, thus attenuating melanoma cell growth and invasion in vitro and in vivo, suggesting that amodiaquine is a promising inhibitor for melanoma treatment. More... »

PAGES

4183-4197

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1038/s41388-020-1287-3

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41388-020-1287-3

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1126644161

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/32291412


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