DEPTOR is an in vivo tumor suppressor that inhibits prostate tumorigenesis via the inactivation of mTORC1/2 signals View Full Text


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Article Info

DATE

2019-11-04

AUTHORS

Xiaoyu Chen, Xiufang Xiong, Danrui Cui, Fei Yang, Dongping Wei, Haomin Li, Jianfeng Shu, Yanli Bi, Xiaoqing Dai, Longyuan Gong, Yi Sun, Yongchao Zhao

ABSTRACT

The DEPTOR-mTORC1/2 axis has been shown to play an important, but a context dependent role in the regulation of proliferation and the survival of various cancer cells in cell culture settings. The in vivo role of DEPTOR in tumorigenesis remains elusive. Here we showed that the levels of both DEPTOR protein and mRNA were substantially decreased in human prostate cancer tissues, which positively correlated with disease progression. DEPTOR depletion accelerated proliferation and survival, migration, and invasion in human prostate cancer cells. Mechanistically, DEPTOR depletion not only activated both mTORC1 and mTORC2 signals to promote cell proliferation and survival, but also induced an AKT-dependent epithelial–mesenchymal transition (EMT) and β-catenin nuclear translocation to promote cell migration and invasion. Abrogation of mTOR or AKT activation rescued the biological consequences of DEPTOR depletion. Importantly, in a Deptor-KO mouse model, Deptor knockout accelerated prostate tumorigenesis triggered by Pten loss via the activation of mTOR signaling. Collectively, our study demonstrates that DEPTOR is a tumor suppressor in the prostate, and its depletion promotes tumorigenesis via the activation of mTORC1 and mTORC2 signals. Thus, DEPTOR reactivation via a variety of means would have therapeutic potential for the treatment of prostate cancer. More... »

PAGES

1557-1571

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  • Identifiers

    URI

    http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1038/s41388-019-1085-y

    DOI

    http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41388-019-1085-y

    DIMENSIONS

    https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1122297379

    PUBMED

    https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/31685947


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    357 grid-institutes:grid.89957.3a schema:alternateName Department of Oncology, Nanjing First Hospital, Nanjing Medical University, Nanjing, China
    358 schema:name Department of Oncology, Nanjing First Hospital, Nanjing Medical University, Nanjing, China
    359 rdf:type schema:Organization
     




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