Indian Hedgehog links obesity to development of hepatocellular carcinoma View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle     


Article Info

DATE

2019-03

AUTHORS

Yong Chun Chong, Tau En Lim, Yanyun Fu, Eun Myoung Shin, Vinay Tergaonkar, Weiping Han

ABSTRACT

Obesity increases the risk of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), but precise identification and characterization of druggable oncogenic pathways that contribute to the progression of NAFLD to HCC, and hence to the increased incidence and aggressiveness of HCC in obese individuals is lacking. In this regard, we demonstrate that the Indian Hedgehog (Ihh) signaling pathway is upregulated in the fatty livers of mice consuming a high fat diet, and furthermore sustained in HCC tumors specifically within the context of a NAFLD microenvironment. Using a diet-induced mouse model of HCC wherein only obese mice develop HCC, targeted ablation of hepatocyte-secreted Ihh results in a decreased tumor burden and lower grade tumors. Ihh activation regulates the transdifferentiation of ciliated stellate cells and proliferation of Epcam+ ductal cells to promote fibrosis. Mechanistically, increased expression of hitherto uncharacterized effectors of Hh pathway, namely Myc and Tgf-β2 is critical to the observed physiology. This pro-tumorigenic response is driven by increased expression of Wnt5a to effect a poorly-differentiated and invasive tumor phenotype. Wnt5a secreted from activated stellate cells act on Ror2-expressing hepatocytes. We further demonstrate that Wnt5a expression is also elevated in poorly-differentiated HCC cells, suggesting that these ligands are also able to function in an autocrine positive feedback manner to sustain poorly-differentiated tumors. Taken together, our study provides a mechanistic understanding for how Ihh signaling promotes HCC tumorigenesis specifically in obese mice. We propose that therapeutic targeting of the Hh pathway offers benefit for patients with dietary / NAFLD-driven steatotic HCC. More... »

PAGES

2206-2222

References to SciGraph publications

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1038/s41388-018-0585-5

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41388-018-0585-5

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1110128698

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/30470823


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