Optical force-induced nonlinearity and self-guiding of light in human red blood cell suspensions View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle     


Article Info

DATE

2019-12

AUTHORS

Rekha Gautam, Yinxiao Xiang, Josh Lamstein, Yi Liang, Anna Bezryadina, Guo Liang, Tobias Hansson, Benjamin Wetzel, Daryl Preece, Adam White, Matthew Silverman, Susan Kazarian, Jingjun Xu, Roberto Morandotti, Zhigang Chen

ABSTRACT

Osmotic conditions play an important role in the cell properties of human red blood cells (RBCs), which are crucial for the pathological analysis of some blood diseases such as malaria. Over the past decades, numerous efforts have mainly focused on the study of the RBC biomechanical properties that arise from the unique deformability of erythrocytes. Here, we demonstrate nonlinear optical effects from human RBCs suspended in different osmotic solutions. Specifically, we observe self-trapping and scattering-resistant nonlinear propagation of a laser beam through RBC suspensions under all three osmotic conditions, where the strength of the optical nonlinearity increases with osmotic pressure on the cells. This tunable nonlinearity is attributed to optical forces, particularly the forward-scattering and gradient forces. Interestingly, in aged blood samples (with lysed cells), a notably different nonlinear behavior is observed due to the presence of free hemoglobin. We use a theoretical model with an optical force-mediated nonlocal nonlinearity to explain the experimental observations. Our work on light self-guiding through scattering bio-soft-matter may introduce new photonic tools for noninvasive biomedical imaging and medical diagnosis. More... »

PAGES

31

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1038/s41377-019-0142-1

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41377-019-0142-1

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1112706393

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/30886708


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