Optical force-induced nonlinearity and self-guiding of light in human red blood cell suspensions View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle     


Article Info

DATE

2019-12

AUTHORS

Rekha Gautam, Yinxiao Xiang, Josh Lamstein, Yi Liang, Anna Bezryadina, Guo Liang, Tobias Hansson, Benjamin Wetzel, Daryl Preece, Adam White, Matthew Silverman, Susan Kazarian, Jingjun Xu, Roberto Morandotti, Zhigang Chen

ABSTRACT

Osmotic conditions play an important role in the cell properties of human red blood cells (RBCs), which are crucial for the pathological analysis of some blood diseases such as malaria. Over the past decades, numerous efforts have mainly focused on the study of the RBC biomechanical properties that arise from the unique deformability of erythrocytes. Here, we demonstrate nonlinear optical effects from human RBCs suspended in different osmotic solutions. Specifically, we observe self-trapping and scattering-resistant nonlinear propagation of a laser beam through RBC suspensions under all three osmotic conditions, where the strength of the optical nonlinearity increases with osmotic pressure on the cells. This tunable nonlinearity is attributed to optical forces, particularly the forward-scattering and gradient forces. Interestingly, in aged blood samples (with lysed cells), a notably different nonlinear behavior is observed due to the presence of free hemoglobin. We use a theoretical model with an optical force-mediated nonlocal nonlinearity to explain the experimental observations. Our work on light self-guiding through scattering bio-soft-matter may introduce new photonic tools for noninvasive biomedical imaging and medical diagnosis. More... »

PAGES

31

References to SciGraph publications

  • 2015-04. Optical assembly of bio-hybrid micro-robots in BIOMEDICAL MICRODEVICES
  • 2012-05. Controlling waves in space and time for imaging and focusing in complex media in NATURE PHOTONICS
  • 2015-09. Single-cell evaluation of red blood cell bio-mechanical and nano-structural alterations upon chemically induced oxidative stress in SCIENTIFIC REPORTS
  • 2013-12. Trapping red blood cells in living animals using optical tweezers in NATURE COMMUNICATIONS
  • 2010-06. In situ wavefront correction and its application to micromanipulation in NATURE PHOTONICS
  • 2010-05. Exploiting disorder for perfect focusing in NATURE PHOTONICS
  • 2011-07. Single-cell biological lasers in NATURE PHOTONICS
  • 2004-06. Self-rotation of red blood cells in optical tweezers: prospects for high throughput malaria diagnosis in BIOTECHNOLOGY LETTERS
  • 2017-12. The buckling instability of aggregating red blood cells in SCIENTIFIC REPORTS
  • 2013-03. Disordered photonics in NATURE PHOTONICS
  • 2015-09. Guidestar-assisted wavefront-shaping methods for focusing light into biological tissue in NATURE PHOTONICS
  • 2011-06. Focusing and compression of ultrashort pulses through scattering media in NATURE PHOTONICS
  • 2016-10. Optical disassembly of cellular clusters by tunable ‘tug-of-war’ tweezers in LIGHT: SCIENCE & APPLICATIONS
  • 2016-09. Light-driven micro-tool equipped with a syringe function in LIGHT: SCIENCE & APPLICATIONS
  • 2015-12. Red blood cell as an adaptive optofluidic microlens in NATURE COMMUNICATIONS
  • 2008-02. Optical phase conjugation for turbidity suppression in biological samples in NATURE PHOTONICS
  • 2012-06. Microscopy: Detecting malaria in NATURE PHOTONICS
  • 2017-06. Hot-nanoparticle-mediated fusion of selected cells in NANO RESEARCH
  • 2015-05. Profiling individual human red blood cells using common-path diffraction optical tomography in SCIENTIFIC REPORTS
  • Identifiers

    URI

    http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1038/s41377-019-0142-1

    DOI

    http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41377-019-0142-1

    DIMENSIONS

    https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1112706393

    PUBMED

    https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/30886708


    Indexing Status Check whether this publication has been indexed by Scopus and Web Of Science using the SN Indexing Status Tool
    Incoming Citations Browse incoming citations for this publication using opencitations.net

    JSON-LD is the canonical representation for SciGraph data.

    TIP: You can open this SciGraph record using an external JSON-LD service: JSON-LD Playground Google SDTT

    [
      {
        "@context": "https://springernature.github.io/scigraph/jsonld/sgcontext.json", 
        "about": [
          {
            "id": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/0903", 
            "inDefinedTermSet": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/", 
            "name": "Biomedical Engineering", 
            "type": "DefinedTerm"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/09", 
            "inDefinedTermSet": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/", 
            "name": "Engineering", 
            "type": "DefinedTerm"
          }
        ], 
        "author": [
          {
            "affiliation": {
              "alternateName": "Vanderbilt University", 
              "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.152326.1", 
              "name": [
                "Department of Physics and Astronomy, San Francisco State University, 94132, San Francisco, CA, USA", 
                "Department of Biomedical Engineering, Vanderbilt University, 37240, Nashville, TN, USA"
              ], 
              "type": "Organization"
            }, 
            "familyName": "Gautam", 
            "givenName": "Rekha", 
            "type": "Person"
          }, 
          {
            "affiliation": {
              "alternateName": "Nankai University", 
              "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.216938.7", 
              "name": [
                "Department of Physics and Astronomy, San Francisco State University, 94132, San Francisco, CA, USA", 
                "MOE Key Lab of Weak-Light Nonlinear Photonics, TEDA Applied Physics Institute and School of Physics, Nankai University, 300457, Tianjin, China"
              ], 
              "type": "Organization"
            }, 
            "familyName": "Xiang", 
            "givenName": "Yinxiao", 
            "type": "Person"
          }, 
          {
            "affiliation": {
              "alternateName": "San Francisco State University", 
              "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.263091.f", 
              "name": [
                "Department of Physics and Astronomy, San Francisco State University, 94132, San Francisco, CA, USA"
              ], 
              "type": "Organization"
            }, 
            "familyName": "Lamstein", 
            "givenName": "Josh", 
            "type": "Person"
          }, 
          {
            "affiliation": {
              "alternateName": "Guangxi University", 
              "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.256609.e", 
              "name": [
                "Department of Physics and Astronomy, San Francisco State University, 94132, San Francisco, CA, USA", 
                "Guangxi Key Lab for Relativistic Astrophysics, Guangxi Colleges and Universities Key Lab of Novel Energy Materials and Related Technology, School of Physical Science and Technology, Guangxi University, 530004, Nanning, Guangxi, China"
              ], 
              "type": "Organization"
            }, 
            "familyName": "Liang", 
            "givenName": "Yi", 
            "type": "Person"
          }, 
          {
            "affiliation": {
              "alternateName": "California State University, Northridge", 
              "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.253563.4", 
              "name": [
                "Department of Physics and Astronomy, San Francisco State University, 94132, San Francisco, CA, USA", 
                "Department of Physics and Astronomy, California State University Northridge, 91330, Northridge, CA, USA"
              ], 
              "type": "Organization"
            }, 
            "familyName": "Bezryadina", 
            "givenName": "Anna", 
            "type": "Person"
          }, 
          {
            "affiliation": {
              "alternateName": "San Francisco State University", 
              "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.263091.f", 
              "name": [
                "Department of Physics and Astronomy, San Francisco State University, 94132, San Francisco, CA, USA"
              ], 
              "type": "Organization"
            }, 
            "familyName": "Liang", 
            "givenName": "Guo", 
            "type": "Person"
          }, 
          {
            "affiliation": {
              "alternateName": "Link\u00f6ping University", 
              "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.5640.7", 
              "name": [
                "Institut National de la Recherche Scientifique, Universit\u00e9 du Qu\u00e9bec, J3X 1S2, Varennes, QC, Canada", 
                "Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Link\u00f6ping University, SE-581 83, Link\u00f6ping, Sweden"
              ], 
              "type": "Organization"
            }, 
            "familyName": "Hansson", 
            "givenName": "Tobias", 
            "type": "Person"
          }, 
          {
            "affiliation": {
              "alternateName": "University of Sussex", 
              "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.12082.39", 
              "name": [
                "Institut National de la Recherche Scientifique, Universit\u00e9 du Qu\u00e9bec, J3X 1S2, Varennes, QC, Canada", 
                "School of Mathematical and Physical Sciences, University of Sussex, Sussex House, Falmer, BN1 9RH, Brighton, UK"
              ], 
              "type": "Organization"
            }, 
            "familyName": "Wetzel", 
            "givenName": "Benjamin", 
            "type": "Person"
          }, 
          {
            "affiliation": {
              "alternateName": "University of California, Irvine", 
              "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.266093.8", 
              "name": [
                "Department of Biomedical Engineering, University of California Irvine, Irvine, CA, USA"
              ], 
              "type": "Organization"
            }, 
            "familyName": "Preece", 
            "givenName": "Daryl", 
            "type": "Person"
          }, 
          {
            "affiliation": {
              "alternateName": "San Francisco State University", 
              "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.263091.f", 
              "name": [
                "Department of Physics and Astronomy, San Francisco State University, 94132, San Francisco, CA, USA"
              ], 
              "type": "Organization"
            }, 
            "familyName": "White", 
            "givenName": "Adam", 
            "type": "Person"
          }, 
          {
            "affiliation": {
              "alternateName": "San Francisco State University", 
              "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.263091.f", 
              "name": [
                "Clinical Laboratory Science Program, San Francisco State University, 94132, San Francisco, CA, USA"
              ], 
              "type": "Organization"
            }, 
            "familyName": "Silverman", 
            "givenName": "Matthew", 
            "type": "Person"
          }, 
          {
            "affiliation": {
              "alternateName": "San Francisco State University", 
              "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.263091.f", 
              "name": [
                "Clinical Laboratory Science Program, San Francisco State University, 94132, San Francisco, CA, USA"
              ], 
              "type": "Organization"
            }, 
            "familyName": "Kazarian", 
            "givenName": "Susan", 
            "type": "Person"
          }, 
          {
            "affiliation": {
              "alternateName": "Nankai University", 
              "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.216938.7", 
              "name": [
                "MOE Key Lab of Weak-Light Nonlinear Photonics, TEDA Applied Physics Institute and School of Physics, Nankai University, 300457, Tianjin, China"
              ], 
              "type": "Organization"
            }, 
            "familyName": "Xu", 
            "givenName": "Jingjun", 
            "type": "Person"
          }, 
          {
            "affiliation": {
              "alternateName": "ITMO University", 
              "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.35915.3b", 
              "name": [
                "Institut National de la Recherche Scientifique, Universit\u00e9 du Qu\u00e9bec, J3X 1S2, Varennes, QC, Canada", 
                "Institute of Fundamental and Frontier Sciences, University of Electronic Science and Tech. of China, 610054, Chengdu, China", 
                "ITMO University, 197101, Saint Petersburg, Russia"
              ], 
              "type": "Organization"
            }, 
            "familyName": "Morandotti", 
            "givenName": "Roberto", 
            "type": "Person"
          }, 
          {
            "affiliation": {
              "alternateName": "Nankai University", 
              "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.216938.7", 
              "name": [
                "Department of Physics and Astronomy, San Francisco State University, 94132, San Francisco, CA, USA", 
                "MOE Key Lab of Weak-Light Nonlinear Photonics, TEDA Applied Physics Institute and School of Physics, Nankai University, 300457, Tianjin, China"
              ], 
              "type": "Organization"
            }, 
            "familyName": "Chen", 
            "givenName": "Zhigang", 
            "type": "Person"
          }
        ], 
        "citation": [
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1023/b:bile.0000030041.94322.71", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1002287555", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1023/b:bile.0000030041.94322.71"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1038/nphoton.2015.140", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1005650008", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1038/nphoton.2015.140"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1364/boe.7.001889", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1008575133"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1002/elps.200800484", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1009737064"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1146/annurev.bb.11.060182.001021", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1010784251"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1117/1.3486542", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1014233142"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1038/ncomms7502", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1015082148", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1038/ncomms7502"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1364/boe.2.001803", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1016521365"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1063/1.4895755", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1020841220"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1038/nphoton.2013.29", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1021086028", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1038/nphoton.2013.29"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1038/nphoton.2007.297", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1021473827", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1038/nphoton.2007.297"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/j.bpj.2012.05.026", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1024591974"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1038/ncomms2786", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1026217113", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1038/ncomms2786"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1038/nphoton.2010.3", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1026393281", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1038/nphoton.2010.3"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1038/srep06659", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1026465677", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1038/srep06659"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/0030-4018(95)00753-9", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1028520828"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1038/lsa.2016.148", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1029235312", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1038/lsa.2016.148"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1089/ten.teb.2008.0248", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1030570126"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1021/jacs.6b05390", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1031623545"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1515/nanoph-2016-0115", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1034224342"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1146/annurev.bb.23.060194.001335", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1034233136"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s10544-015-9933-1", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1034477170", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/s10544-015-9933-1"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s10544-015-9933-1", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1034477170", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/s10544-015-9933-1"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1038/nphoton.2010.85", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1035238440", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1038/nphoton.2010.85"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1038/nphoton.2010.85", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1035238440", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1038/nphoton.2010.85"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1088/0034-4885/75/8/086401", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1036040768"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1364/boe.6.000112", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1037705030"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1038/nphoton.2011.99", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1038890955", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1038/nphoton.2011.99"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1038/nphoton.2012.137", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1042307614", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1038/nphoton.2012.137"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/j.optlaseng.2015.04.019", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1042988217"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1038/nphoton.2012.88", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1043438037", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1038/nphoton.2012.88"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1364/boe.3.001594", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1045651105"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1002/cyto.a.22450", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1048009247"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1038/srep09768", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1048809115", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1038/srep09768"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.3390/ijms17091536", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1049615398"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1103/physrevlett.111.218302", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1051731551"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1103/physrevlett.111.218302", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1051731551"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1038/lsa.2016.158", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1052101153", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1038/lsa.2016.158"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1038/nphoton.2011.72", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1052191127", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1038/nphoton.2011.72"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1021/ac970079z", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1055073894"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1021/ac970079z", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1055073894"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1021/la9017272", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1056165202"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1021/la9017272", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1056165202"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1021/nl500191e", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1056220639"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1063/1.1645654", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1057729539"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1063/1.2176854", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1057843063"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1063/1.3117204", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1057913084"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1088/0031-9155/58/14/5007", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1059029838"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1088/2040-8978/19/1/013001", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1059181352"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1103/physreva.80.053805", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1060506844"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1103/physreva.80.053805", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1060506844"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1103/physrevlett.105.163906", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1060757543"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1103/physrevlett.105.163906", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1060757543"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1126/science.110.2865.543", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1062450663"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1364/ao.27.004027", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1065103153"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1364/ao.39.005884", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1065115560"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1557/mrs2010.571", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1067969859"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s12274-016-1392-3", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1083806101", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/s12274-016-1392-3"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s12274-016-1392-3", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1083806101", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/s12274-016-1392-3"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1117/1.jbo.22.9.091516", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1086115871"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1038/s41598-017-07634-6", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1091090314", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-017-07634-6"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1038/s41598-017-07634-6", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1091090314", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-017-07634-6"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1103/physrevlett.119.058101", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1091935021"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1103/physrevlett.119.058101", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1091935021"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1017/cbo9780511813535", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1098668178"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1017/cbo9781107279711", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1098688200"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1093/labmed/lmy018", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1103343425"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }
        ], 
        "datePublished": "2019-12", 
        "datePublishedReg": "2019-12-01", 
        "description": "Osmotic conditions play an important role in the cell properties of human red blood cells (RBCs), which are crucial for the pathological analysis of some blood diseases such as malaria. Over the past decades, numerous efforts have mainly focused on the study of the RBC biomechanical properties that arise from the unique deformability of erythrocytes. Here, we demonstrate nonlinear optical effects from human RBCs suspended in different osmotic solutions. Specifically, we observe self-trapping and scattering-resistant nonlinear propagation of a laser beam through RBC suspensions under all three osmotic conditions, where the strength of the optical nonlinearity increases with osmotic pressure on the cells. This tunable nonlinearity is attributed to optical forces, particularly the forward-scattering and gradient forces. Interestingly, in aged blood samples (with lysed cells), a notably different nonlinear behavior is observed due to the presence of free hemoglobin. We use a theoretical model with an optical force-mediated nonlocal nonlinearity to explain the experimental observations. Our work on light self-guiding through scattering bio-soft-matter may introduce new photonic tools for noninvasive biomedical imaging and medical diagnosis.", 
        "genre": "research_article", 
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1038/s41377-019-0142-1", 
        "inLanguage": [
          "en"
        ], 
        "isAccessibleForFree": false, 
        "isPartOf": [
          {
            "id": "sg:journal.1048610", 
            "issn": [
              "2095-5545", 
              "2047-7538"
            ], 
            "name": "Light: Science & Applications", 
            "type": "Periodical"
          }, 
          {
            "issueNumber": "1", 
            "type": "PublicationIssue"
          }, 
          {
            "type": "PublicationVolume", 
            "volumeNumber": "8"
          }
        ], 
        "name": "Optical force-induced nonlinearity and self-guiding of light in human red blood cell suspensions", 
        "pagination": "31", 
        "productId": [
          {
            "name": "readcube_id", 
            "type": "PropertyValue", 
            "value": [
              "85152b6744e7677a576f1a41a8ff1ee23aaeaae478c27ae5b0652a187813e501"
            ]
          }, 
          {
            "name": "pubmed_id", 
            "type": "PropertyValue", 
            "value": [
              "30886708"
            ]
          }, 
          {
            "name": "nlm_unique_id", 
            "type": "PropertyValue", 
            "value": [
              "101610753"
            ]
          }, 
          {
            "name": "doi", 
            "type": "PropertyValue", 
            "value": [
              "10.1038/s41377-019-0142-1"
            ]
          }, 
          {
            "name": "dimensions_id", 
            "type": "PropertyValue", 
            "value": [
              "pub.1112706393"
            ]
          }
        ], 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://doi.org/10.1038/s41377-019-0142-1", 
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1112706393"
        ], 
        "sdDataset": "articles", 
        "sdDatePublished": "2019-04-11T13:20", 
        "sdLicense": "https://scigraph.springernature.com/explorer/license/", 
        "sdPublisher": {
          "name": "Springer Nature - SN SciGraph project", 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "sdSource": "s3://com-uberresearch-data-dimensions-target-20181106-alternative/cleanup/v134/2549eaecd7973599484d7c17b260dba0a4ecb94b/merge/v9/a6c9fde33151104705d4d7ff012ea9563521a3ce/jats-lookup/v90/0000000368_0000000368/records_78970_00000001.jsonl", 
        "type": "ScholarlyArticle", 
        "url": "https://www.nature.com/articles/s41377-019-0142-1"
      }
    ]
     

    Download the RDF metadata as:  json-ld nt turtle xml License info

    HOW TO GET THIS DATA PROGRAMMATICALLY:

    JSON-LD is a popular format for linked data which is fully compatible with JSON.

    curl -H 'Accept: application/ld+json' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1038/s41377-019-0142-1'

    N-Triples is a line-based linked data format ideal for batch operations.

    curl -H 'Accept: application/n-triples' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1038/s41377-019-0142-1'

    Turtle is a human-readable linked data format.

    curl -H 'Accept: text/turtle' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1038/s41377-019-0142-1'

    RDF/XML is a standard XML format for linked data.

    curl -H 'Accept: application/rdf+xml' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1038/s41377-019-0142-1'


     

    This table displays all metadata directly associated to this object as RDF triples.

    375 TRIPLES      21 PREDICATES      86 URIs      21 LITERALS      9 BLANK NODES

    Subject Predicate Object
    1 sg:pub.10.1038/s41377-019-0142-1 schema:about anzsrc-for:09
    2 anzsrc-for:0903
    3 schema:author Ndc1a1114f02a4e1e983b60c0f563093d
    4 schema:citation sg:pub.10.1007/s10544-015-9933-1
    5 sg:pub.10.1007/s12274-016-1392-3
    6 sg:pub.10.1023/b:bile.0000030041.94322.71
    7 sg:pub.10.1038/lsa.2016.148
    8 sg:pub.10.1038/lsa.2016.158
    9 sg:pub.10.1038/ncomms2786
    10 sg:pub.10.1038/ncomms7502
    11 sg:pub.10.1038/nphoton.2007.297
    12 sg:pub.10.1038/nphoton.2010.3
    13 sg:pub.10.1038/nphoton.2010.85
    14 sg:pub.10.1038/nphoton.2011.72
    15 sg:pub.10.1038/nphoton.2011.99
    16 sg:pub.10.1038/nphoton.2012.137
    17 sg:pub.10.1038/nphoton.2012.88
    18 sg:pub.10.1038/nphoton.2013.29
    19 sg:pub.10.1038/nphoton.2015.140
    20 sg:pub.10.1038/s41598-017-07634-6
    21 sg:pub.10.1038/srep06659
    22 sg:pub.10.1038/srep09768
    23 https://doi.org/10.1002/cyto.a.22450
    24 https://doi.org/10.1002/elps.200800484
    25 https://doi.org/10.1016/0030-4018(95)00753-9
    26 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.bpj.2012.05.026
    27 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.optlaseng.2015.04.019
    28 https://doi.org/10.1017/cbo9780511813535
    29 https://doi.org/10.1017/cbo9781107279711
    30 https://doi.org/10.1021/ac970079z
    31 https://doi.org/10.1021/jacs.6b05390
    32 https://doi.org/10.1021/la9017272
    33 https://doi.org/10.1021/nl500191e
    34 https://doi.org/10.1063/1.1645654
    35 https://doi.org/10.1063/1.2176854
    36 https://doi.org/10.1063/1.3117204
    37 https://doi.org/10.1063/1.4895755
    38 https://doi.org/10.1088/0031-9155/58/14/5007
    39 https://doi.org/10.1088/0034-4885/75/8/086401
    40 https://doi.org/10.1088/2040-8978/19/1/013001
    41 https://doi.org/10.1089/ten.teb.2008.0248
    42 https://doi.org/10.1093/labmed/lmy018
    43 https://doi.org/10.1103/physreva.80.053805
    44 https://doi.org/10.1103/physrevlett.105.163906
    45 https://doi.org/10.1103/physrevlett.111.218302
    46 https://doi.org/10.1103/physrevlett.119.058101
    47 https://doi.org/10.1117/1.3486542
    48 https://doi.org/10.1117/1.jbo.22.9.091516
    49 https://doi.org/10.1126/science.110.2865.543
    50 https://doi.org/10.1146/annurev.bb.11.060182.001021
    51 https://doi.org/10.1146/annurev.bb.23.060194.001335
    52 https://doi.org/10.1364/ao.27.004027
    53 https://doi.org/10.1364/ao.39.005884
    54 https://doi.org/10.1364/boe.2.001803
    55 https://doi.org/10.1364/boe.3.001594
    56 https://doi.org/10.1364/boe.6.000112
    57 https://doi.org/10.1364/boe.7.001889
    58 https://doi.org/10.1515/nanoph-2016-0115
    59 https://doi.org/10.1557/mrs2010.571
    60 https://doi.org/10.3390/ijms17091536
    61 schema:datePublished 2019-12
    62 schema:datePublishedReg 2019-12-01
    63 schema:description Osmotic conditions play an important role in the cell properties of human red blood cells (RBCs), which are crucial for the pathological analysis of some blood diseases such as malaria. Over the past decades, numerous efforts have mainly focused on the study of the RBC biomechanical properties that arise from the unique deformability of erythrocytes. Here, we demonstrate nonlinear optical effects from human RBCs suspended in different osmotic solutions. Specifically, we observe self-trapping and scattering-resistant nonlinear propagation of a laser beam through RBC suspensions under all three osmotic conditions, where the strength of the optical nonlinearity increases with osmotic pressure on the cells. This tunable nonlinearity is attributed to optical forces, particularly the forward-scattering and gradient forces. Interestingly, in aged blood samples (with lysed cells), a notably different nonlinear behavior is observed due to the presence of free hemoglobin. We use a theoretical model with an optical force-mediated nonlocal nonlinearity to explain the experimental observations. Our work on light self-guiding through scattering bio-soft-matter may introduce new photonic tools for noninvasive biomedical imaging and medical diagnosis.
    64 schema:genre research_article
    65 schema:inLanguage en
    66 schema:isAccessibleForFree false
    67 schema:isPartOf Ne1a03dfc11a544289dfd967959728d2d
    68 Nfbfad40db3fd43f6b2b2912b92f43ce0
    69 sg:journal.1048610
    70 schema:name Optical force-induced nonlinearity and self-guiding of light in human red blood cell suspensions
    71 schema:pagination 31
    72 schema:productId N01257aae48d44b5a98e90c0b6cd4b36e
    73 N3f3dc2c5cfe046158212c27b53ce2a49
    74 N6f4d6d996c9a429494321d109790ba54
    75 Ne343f901c76841ae9f266c099d98aa58
    76 Nf2feba6f6c8949adb70d4877c4f32647
    77 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1112706393
    78 https://doi.org/10.1038/s41377-019-0142-1
    79 schema:sdDatePublished 2019-04-11T13:20
    80 schema:sdLicense https://scigraph.springernature.com/explorer/license/
    81 schema:sdPublisher Nd0ce9aec7e8348ffa3ea35b228bee987
    82 schema:url https://www.nature.com/articles/s41377-019-0142-1
    83 sgo:license sg:explorer/license/
    84 sgo:sdDataset articles
    85 rdf:type schema:ScholarlyArticle
    86 N01221ff31715447d97af92fbc1c202d4 rdf:first Nf0c4e798e663424c84d214411b634266
    87 rdf:rest Nd85e013903f04b0fa963286d259081c7
    88 N01257aae48d44b5a98e90c0b6cd4b36e schema:name readcube_id
    89 schema:value 85152b6744e7677a576f1a41a8ff1ee23aaeaae478c27ae5b0652a187813e501
    90 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
    91 N27e4e18c89ec4458ac9a10d47ac26722 rdf:first N7db21b21852840a4a010df943d4a195c
    92 rdf:rest N5c120eedce504c579eacc58b24b0e094
    93 N2ac714442b7b4ea4825151c5df33cef1 rdf:first Ncb1f0913b4b4473ca12149bca2307d73
    94 rdf:rest Nb6d6ecbffe2e47b89f5dc97042510228
    95 N2b5bf46a98cb4b4d885e98ead2d42259 rdf:first Na5035fcb9f39490da20ab1a793f89d28
    96 rdf:rest N329b8f1caaf84f009d6a024caee357d2
    97 N31f946f9e9134e099624db9ef5edb13a rdf:first Ncce302306aa047d682578f605027c7a6
    98 rdf:rest N8eef0678e3d74a2ea0b1ec44e8c8d2ba
    99 N329b8f1caaf84f009d6a024caee357d2 rdf:first Nc11141ecfeb04f27a43693eb4efa9067
    100 rdf:rest N27e4e18c89ec4458ac9a10d47ac26722
    101 N3f3dc2c5cfe046158212c27b53ce2a49 schema:name dimensions_id
    102 schema:value pub.1112706393
    103 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
    104 N48c66ef45f2d4d03b0f18be34cbd51fe schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.5640.7
    105 schema:familyName Hansson
    106 schema:givenName Tobias
    107 rdf:type schema:Person
    108 N5c120eedce504c579eacc58b24b0e094 rdf:first N8b789f4debe74a739ab0012a9de1626f
    109 rdf:rest rdf:nil
    110 N671073befd4f4d5ea58a425ec15e9e3e schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.152326.1
    111 schema:familyName Gautam
    112 schema:givenName Rekha
    113 rdf:type schema:Person
    114 N6f4d6d996c9a429494321d109790ba54 schema:name nlm_unique_id
    115 schema:value 101610753
    116 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
    117 N7db21b21852840a4a010df943d4a195c schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.35915.3b
    118 schema:familyName Morandotti
    119 schema:givenName Roberto
    120 rdf:type schema:Person
    121 N8b650e33c31b41ff923a72312c62eea5 rdf:first N8d0bd9c0305e4ff7838f2ee531531bb2
    122 rdf:rest Nc0595d0be4944aafb563b80aec00b406
    123 N8b789f4debe74a739ab0012a9de1626f schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.216938.7
    124 schema:familyName Chen
    125 schema:givenName Zhigang
    126 rdf:type schema:Person
    127 N8d0bd9c0305e4ff7838f2ee531531bb2 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.256609.e
    128 schema:familyName Liang
    129 schema:givenName Yi
    130 rdf:type schema:Person
    131 N8dc039281c4f45878100a3709059773f rdf:first Na25d57bcd97f487ca1e42bb19efe1de6
    132 rdf:rest N8b650e33c31b41ff923a72312c62eea5
    133 N8eef0678e3d74a2ea0b1ec44e8c8d2ba rdf:first N95f74623cc0a414f8c6274593640d883
    134 rdf:rest N2b5bf46a98cb4b4d885e98ead2d42259
    135 N95f74623cc0a414f8c6274593640d883 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.263091.f
    136 schema:familyName Silverman
    137 schema:givenName Matthew
    138 rdf:type schema:Person
    139 Na25d57bcd97f487ca1e42bb19efe1de6 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.263091.f
    140 schema:familyName Lamstein
    141 schema:givenName Josh
    142 rdf:type schema:Person
    143 Na5035fcb9f39490da20ab1a793f89d28 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.263091.f
    144 schema:familyName Kazarian
    145 schema:givenName Susan
    146 rdf:type schema:Person
    147 Naaa4f323331d420b85bc69bc72433d68 rdf:first Nedbe3303c526488cae4ff655330442ff
    148 rdf:rest N8dc039281c4f45878100a3709059773f
    149 Nb6d6ecbffe2e47b89f5dc97042510228 rdf:first N48c66ef45f2d4d03b0f18be34cbd51fe
    150 rdf:rest N01221ff31715447d97af92fbc1c202d4
    151 Nbd3bf17184a74f9299b490aa6212700f schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.253563.4
    152 schema:familyName Bezryadina
    153 schema:givenName Anna
    154 rdf:type schema:Person
    155 Nc0595d0be4944aafb563b80aec00b406 rdf:first Nbd3bf17184a74f9299b490aa6212700f
    156 rdf:rest N2ac714442b7b4ea4825151c5df33cef1
    157 Nc11141ecfeb04f27a43693eb4efa9067 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.216938.7
    158 schema:familyName Xu
    159 schema:givenName Jingjun
    160 rdf:type schema:Person
    161 Nc365bc60533141a4b9c1b8f1b42155ac schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.266093.8
    162 schema:familyName Preece
    163 schema:givenName Daryl
    164 rdf:type schema:Person
    165 Ncb1f0913b4b4473ca12149bca2307d73 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.263091.f
    166 schema:familyName Liang
    167 schema:givenName Guo
    168 rdf:type schema:Person
    169 Ncce302306aa047d682578f605027c7a6 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.263091.f
    170 schema:familyName White
    171 schema:givenName Adam
    172 rdf:type schema:Person
    173 Nd0ce9aec7e8348ffa3ea35b228bee987 schema:name Springer Nature - SN SciGraph project
    174 rdf:type schema:Organization
    175 Nd85e013903f04b0fa963286d259081c7 rdf:first Nc365bc60533141a4b9c1b8f1b42155ac
    176 rdf:rest N31f946f9e9134e099624db9ef5edb13a
    177 Ndc1a1114f02a4e1e983b60c0f563093d rdf:first N671073befd4f4d5ea58a425ec15e9e3e
    178 rdf:rest Naaa4f323331d420b85bc69bc72433d68
    179 Ne1a03dfc11a544289dfd967959728d2d schema:volumeNumber 8
    180 rdf:type schema:PublicationVolume
    181 Ne343f901c76841ae9f266c099d98aa58 schema:name doi
    182 schema:value 10.1038/s41377-019-0142-1
    183 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
    184 Nedbe3303c526488cae4ff655330442ff schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.216938.7
    185 schema:familyName Xiang
    186 schema:givenName Yinxiao
    187 rdf:type schema:Person
    188 Nf0c4e798e663424c84d214411b634266 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.12082.39
    189 schema:familyName Wetzel
    190 schema:givenName Benjamin
    191 rdf:type schema:Person
    192 Nf2feba6f6c8949adb70d4877c4f32647 schema:name pubmed_id
    193 schema:value 30886708
    194 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
    195 Nfbfad40db3fd43f6b2b2912b92f43ce0 schema:issueNumber 1
    196 rdf:type schema:PublicationIssue
    197 anzsrc-for:09 schema:inDefinedTermSet anzsrc-for:
    198 schema:name Engineering
    199 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
    200 anzsrc-for:0903 schema:inDefinedTermSet anzsrc-for:
    201 schema:name Biomedical Engineering
    202 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
    203 sg:journal.1048610 schema:issn 2047-7538
    204 2095-5545
    205 schema:name Light: Science & Applications
    206 rdf:type schema:Periodical
    207 sg:pub.10.1007/s10544-015-9933-1 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1034477170
    208 https://doi.org/10.1007/s10544-015-9933-1
    209 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    210 sg:pub.10.1007/s12274-016-1392-3 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1083806101
    211 https://doi.org/10.1007/s12274-016-1392-3
    212 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    213 sg:pub.10.1023/b:bile.0000030041.94322.71 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1002287555
    214 https://doi.org/10.1023/b:bile.0000030041.94322.71
    215 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    216 sg:pub.10.1038/lsa.2016.148 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1029235312
    217 https://doi.org/10.1038/lsa.2016.148
    218 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    219 sg:pub.10.1038/lsa.2016.158 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1052101153
    220 https://doi.org/10.1038/lsa.2016.158
    221 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    222 sg:pub.10.1038/ncomms2786 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1026217113
    223 https://doi.org/10.1038/ncomms2786
    224 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    225 sg:pub.10.1038/ncomms7502 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1015082148
    226 https://doi.org/10.1038/ncomms7502
    227 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    228 sg:pub.10.1038/nphoton.2007.297 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1021473827
    229 https://doi.org/10.1038/nphoton.2007.297
    230 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    231 sg:pub.10.1038/nphoton.2010.3 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1026393281
    232 https://doi.org/10.1038/nphoton.2010.3
    233 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    234 sg:pub.10.1038/nphoton.2010.85 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1035238440
    235 https://doi.org/10.1038/nphoton.2010.85
    236 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    237 sg:pub.10.1038/nphoton.2011.72 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1052191127
    238 https://doi.org/10.1038/nphoton.2011.72
    239 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    240 sg:pub.10.1038/nphoton.2011.99 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1038890955
    241 https://doi.org/10.1038/nphoton.2011.99
    242 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    243 sg:pub.10.1038/nphoton.2012.137 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1042307614
    244 https://doi.org/10.1038/nphoton.2012.137
    245 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    246 sg:pub.10.1038/nphoton.2012.88 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1043438037
    247 https://doi.org/10.1038/nphoton.2012.88
    248 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    249 sg:pub.10.1038/nphoton.2013.29 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1021086028
    250 https://doi.org/10.1038/nphoton.2013.29
    251 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    252 sg:pub.10.1038/nphoton.2015.140 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1005650008
    253 https://doi.org/10.1038/nphoton.2015.140
    254 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    255 sg:pub.10.1038/s41598-017-07634-6 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1091090314
    256 https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-017-07634-6
    257 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    258 sg:pub.10.1038/srep06659 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1026465677
    259 https://doi.org/10.1038/srep06659
    260 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    261 sg:pub.10.1038/srep09768 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1048809115
    262 https://doi.org/10.1038/srep09768
    263 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    264 https://doi.org/10.1002/cyto.a.22450 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1048009247
    265 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    266 https://doi.org/10.1002/elps.200800484 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1009737064
    267 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    268 https://doi.org/10.1016/0030-4018(95)00753-9 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1028520828
    269 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    270 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.bpj.2012.05.026 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1024591974
    271 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    272 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.optlaseng.2015.04.019 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1042988217
    273 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    274 https://doi.org/10.1017/cbo9780511813535 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1098668178
    275 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    276 https://doi.org/10.1017/cbo9781107279711 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1098688200
    277 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    278 https://doi.org/10.1021/ac970079z schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1055073894
    279 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    280 https://doi.org/10.1021/jacs.6b05390 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1031623545
    281 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    282 https://doi.org/10.1021/la9017272 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1056165202
    283 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    284 https://doi.org/10.1021/nl500191e schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1056220639
    285 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    286 https://doi.org/10.1063/1.1645654 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1057729539
    287 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    288 https://doi.org/10.1063/1.2176854 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1057843063
    289 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    290 https://doi.org/10.1063/1.3117204 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1057913084
    291 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    292 https://doi.org/10.1063/1.4895755 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1020841220
    293 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    294 https://doi.org/10.1088/0031-9155/58/14/5007 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1059029838
    295 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    296 https://doi.org/10.1088/0034-4885/75/8/086401 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1036040768
    297 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    298 https://doi.org/10.1088/2040-8978/19/1/013001 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1059181352
    299 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    300 https://doi.org/10.1089/ten.teb.2008.0248 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1030570126
    301 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    302 https://doi.org/10.1093/labmed/lmy018 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1103343425
    303 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    304 https://doi.org/10.1103/physreva.80.053805 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1060506844
    305 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    306 https://doi.org/10.1103/physrevlett.105.163906 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1060757543
    307 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    308 https://doi.org/10.1103/physrevlett.111.218302 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1051731551
    309 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    310 https://doi.org/10.1103/physrevlett.119.058101 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1091935021
    311 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    312 https://doi.org/10.1117/1.3486542 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1014233142
    313 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    314 https://doi.org/10.1117/1.jbo.22.9.091516 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1086115871
    315 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    316 https://doi.org/10.1126/science.110.2865.543 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1062450663
    317 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    318 https://doi.org/10.1146/annurev.bb.11.060182.001021 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1010784251
    319 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    320 https://doi.org/10.1146/annurev.bb.23.060194.001335 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1034233136
    321 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    322 https://doi.org/10.1364/ao.27.004027 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1065103153
    323 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    324 https://doi.org/10.1364/ao.39.005884 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1065115560
    325 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    326 https://doi.org/10.1364/boe.2.001803 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1016521365
    327 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    328 https://doi.org/10.1364/boe.3.001594 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1045651105
    329 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    330 https://doi.org/10.1364/boe.6.000112 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1037705030
    331 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    332 https://doi.org/10.1364/boe.7.001889 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1008575133
    333 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    334 https://doi.org/10.1515/nanoph-2016-0115 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1034224342
    335 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    336 https://doi.org/10.1557/mrs2010.571 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1067969859
    337 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    338 https://doi.org/10.3390/ijms17091536 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1049615398
    339 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    340 https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.12082.39 schema:alternateName University of Sussex
    341 schema:name Institut National de la Recherche Scientifique, Université du Québec, J3X 1S2, Varennes, QC, Canada
    342 School of Mathematical and Physical Sciences, University of Sussex, Sussex House, Falmer, BN1 9RH, Brighton, UK
    343 rdf:type schema:Organization
    344 https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.152326.1 schema:alternateName Vanderbilt University
    345 schema:name Department of Biomedical Engineering, Vanderbilt University, 37240, Nashville, TN, USA
    346 Department of Physics and Astronomy, San Francisco State University, 94132, San Francisco, CA, USA
    347 rdf:type schema:Organization
    348 https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.216938.7 schema:alternateName Nankai University
    349 schema:name Department of Physics and Astronomy, San Francisco State University, 94132, San Francisco, CA, USA
    350 MOE Key Lab of Weak-Light Nonlinear Photonics, TEDA Applied Physics Institute and School of Physics, Nankai University, 300457, Tianjin, China
    351 rdf:type schema:Organization
    352 https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.253563.4 schema:alternateName California State University, Northridge
    353 schema:name Department of Physics and Astronomy, California State University Northridge, 91330, Northridge, CA, USA
    354 Department of Physics and Astronomy, San Francisco State University, 94132, San Francisco, CA, USA
    355 rdf:type schema:Organization
    356 https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.256609.e schema:alternateName Guangxi University
    357 schema:name Department of Physics and Astronomy, San Francisco State University, 94132, San Francisco, CA, USA
    358 Guangxi Key Lab for Relativistic Astrophysics, Guangxi Colleges and Universities Key Lab of Novel Energy Materials and Related Technology, School of Physical Science and Technology, Guangxi University, 530004, Nanning, Guangxi, China
    359 rdf:type schema:Organization
    360 https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.263091.f schema:alternateName San Francisco State University
    361 schema:name Clinical Laboratory Science Program, San Francisco State University, 94132, San Francisco, CA, USA
    362 Department of Physics and Astronomy, San Francisco State University, 94132, San Francisco, CA, USA
    363 rdf:type schema:Organization
    364 https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.266093.8 schema:alternateName University of California, Irvine
    365 schema:name Department of Biomedical Engineering, University of California Irvine, Irvine, CA, USA
    366 rdf:type schema:Organization
    367 https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.35915.3b schema:alternateName ITMO University
    368 schema:name ITMO University, 197101, Saint Petersburg, Russia
    369 Institut National de la Recherche Scientifique, Université du Québec, J3X 1S2, Varennes, QC, Canada
    370 Institute of Fundamental and Frontier Sciences, University of Electronic Science and Tech. of China, 610054, Chengdu, China
    371 rdf:type schema:Organization
    372 https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.5640.7 schema:alternateName Linköping University
    373 schema:name Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Linköping University, SE-581 83, Linköping, Sweden
    374 Institut National de la Recherche Scientifique, Université du Québec, J3X 1S2, Varennes, QC, Canada
    375 rdf:type schema:Organization
     




    Preview window. Press ESC to close (or click here)


    ...