Regulation of proton partitioning in kinase-activating acute myeloid leukemia and its therapeutic implication View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle      Open Access: True


Article Info

DATE

2022-05-27

AUTHORS

Cheuk-Him Man, Xiaoyuan Zeng, Wing Lam, Timothy C. C. Ng, Tsz-Ho Kwok, Kenny C. C. Dang, Thomas W. Y. Leung, Nelson K. L. Ng, Stephen S. Y. Lam, Chae-Yin Cher, Anskar Y. H. Leung

ABSTRACT

Gain-of-function kinase mutations are common in AML and usually portend an inferior prognosis. We reported a novel mechanism whereby kinase mutants induced intracellular alkalization characteristic in oncogenesis. Thirteen kinases were found to activate sodium/hydrogen exchanger (NHE1) in normal hematopoietic progenitors, of which FLT3-ITD, KRASG12D, and BTK phosphorylated NHE1 maintained alkaline intracellular pH (pHi) and supported survival of AML cells. Primary AML samples with kinase mutations also showed increased NHE1 phosphorylation and evidence of NHE1 addiction. Amiloride enhanced anti-leukemic effects and intracellular distribution of kinase inhibitors and chemotherapy. Co-inhibition of NHE1 and kinase synergistically acidified pHi in leukemia and inhibited its growth in vivo. Plasma from patients taking amiloride for diuresis reduced pHi of leukemia and enhanced cytotoxic effects of kinase inhibitors and chemotherapy in vitro. NHE1-mediated intracellular alkalization played a key pathogenetic role in transmitting the proliferative signal from mutated-kinase and could be exploited for therapeutic intervention in AML. More... »

PAGES

1990-2001

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http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1038/s41375-022-01606-0

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41375-022-01606-0

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PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/35624145


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