Genetic mechanisms of primary chemotherapy resistance in pediatric acute myeloid leukemia View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle     


Article Info

DATE

2019-02-13

AUTHORS

Nicole A. McNeer, John Philip, Heather Geiger, Rhonda E. Ries, Vincent-Philippe Lavallée, Michael Walsh, Minita Shah, Kanika Arora, Anne-Katrin Emde, Nicolas Robine, Todd A. Alonzo, E. Anders Kolb, Alan S. Gamis, Malcolm Smith, Daniela Se Gerhard, Jaime Guidry-Auvil, Soheil Meshinchi, Alex Kentsis

ABSTRACT

Acute myeloid leukemias (AML) are characterized by mutations of tumor suppressor and oncogenes, involving distinct genes in adults and children. While certain mutations have been associated with the increased risk of AML relapse, the genomic landscape of primary chemotherapy-resistant AML is not well defined. As part of the TARGET initiative, we performed whole-genome DNA and transcriptome RNA and miRNA sequencing analysis of pediatric AML with failure of induction chemotherapy. We identified at least three genetic groups of patients with induction failure, including those with NUP98 rearrangements, somatic mutations of WT1 in the absence of apparent NUP98 mutations, and additional recurrent variants including those in KMT2C and MLLT10. Comparison of specimens before and after chemotherapy revealed distinct and invariant gene expression programs. While exhibiting overt therapy resistance, these leukemias nonetheless showed diverse forms of clonal evolution upon chemotherapy exposure. This included selection for mutant alleles of FRMD8, DHX32, PIK3R1, SHANK3, MKLN1, as well as persistence of WT1 and TP53 mutant clones, and elimination of FLT3, PTPN11, and NRAS mutant clones. These findings delineate genetic mechanisms of primary chemotherapy resistance in pediatric AML, which should inform improved approaches for its diagnosis and therapy. More... »

PAGES

1-10

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1038/s41375-019-0402-3

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41375-019-0402-3

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1112094513

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/30760869


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