Combination treatment of acute myeloid leukemia cells with DNMT and HDAC inhibitors: predominant synergistic gene downregulation associated with gene body ... View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle     


Article Info

DATE

2019-04

AUTHORS

Nadja Blagitko-Dorfs, Pascal Schlosser, Gabriele Greve, Dietmar Pfeifer, Ruth Meier, Annika Baude, David Brocks, Christoph Plass, Michael Lübbert

ABSTRACT

DNA methyltransferase inhibitors (DNMTi) approved for older AML patients are clinically tested in combination with histone deacetylase inhibitors (HDACi). The mechanism of action of these drugs is still under debate. In colon cancer cells, 5-aza-2'-deoxycytidine (DAC) can downregulate oncogenes and metabolic genes by reversing gene body DNA methylation, thus implicating gene body methylation as a novel drug target. We asked whether DAC-induced gene body demethylation in AML cells is also associated with gene repression, and whether the latter is enhanced by HDACi.Transcriptome analyses revealed that a combined treatment with DAC and the HDACi panobinostat or valproic acid affected significantly more transcripts than the sum of the genes regulated by either treatment alone, demonstrating a quantitative synergistic effect on genome-wide expression in U937 cells. This effect was particularly striking for downregulated genes. Integrative methylome and transcriptome analyses showed that a massive downregulation of genes, including oncogenes (e.g., MYC) and epigenetic modifiers (e.g., KDM2B, SUV39H1) often overexpressed in cancer, was associated predominantly with gene body DNA demethylation and changes in acH3K9/27. These findings have implications for the mechanism of action of combined epigenetic treatments, and for a better understanding of responses in trials where this approach is clinically tested. More... »

PAGES

1-12

References to SciGraph publications

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1038/s41375-018-0293-8

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41375-018-0293-8

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1110130091

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/30470836


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