Preconditioned adipose-derived stem cells ameliorate cardiac fibrosis by regulating macrophage polarization in infarcted rat hearts through the PI3K/STAT3 pathway View Full Text


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Article Info

DATE

2019-01-25

AUTHORS

Tsung-Ming Lee, Horng-Jyh Harn, Tzyy-Wen Chiou, Ming-Hsi Chuang, Chun-Hung Chen, Chi-Hsuan Chuang, Po-Cheng Lin, Shinn-Zong Lin

ABSTRACT

Stem cells can modify macrophage phenotypes; however, the mechanisms remain unclear. We investigated whether n-butylidenephthalide (BP) primed adipose-derived stem cells (ADSCs) attenuated cardiac fibrosis via regulating macrophage phenotype by a PI3K/STAT3-dependent pathway in postinfarcted rats. Male Wistar rats after coronary ligation were allocated to receive either intramyocardial injection of vehicle, ADSCs (1 × 106 cells), BP-preconditioned ADSCs, (BP + lithium)-preconditioned ADSCs, (BP + LY294002)-preconditioned ADSCs, and (BP + S3I-201)-preconditioned ADSCs. ADSCs were primed for 16 h before implantation. BP-pretreated ADSCs increased the cell viability compared with naive ADSCs in the in vitro experiments. Infarct sizes were similar among the infarcted groups at the acute and chronic stages of infarction. At day 3 after infarction, post-infarction was associated with increased M1 macrophage infiltration, which was inhibited by administering naive ADSCs. Compared with naive ADSCs, BP-preconditioned ADSCs provided a significant increase of Akt and STAT3 phosphorylation, STAT3 activity, STAT3 nuclear translocation, myocardial IL-10 levels, and the percentage of M2 macrophage infiltration. The effects of BP on M2 polarization were reversed by LY294002 or S3I-201. Furthermore, the phosphorylation of both Akt and STAT3 was abolished by LY294002, whereas Akt phosphorylation was not affected following the inhibition of STAT3. The addition of lithium did not have additional effects compared with BP alone. After 4 weeks of implantation, ADSCs remained in the myocardium, and reduced fibrosis and improved cardiac function. BP-preconditioned ADSCs provided superior cardioprotection, greater ADSC engraftment, and antifibrotic effects compared with naive ADSCs. These results suggest that BP-pretreated ADSCs polarize macrophages into M2 cells more efficiently than naive ADSCs via the PI3K/STAT3 pathway. More... »

PAGES

1-14

References to SciGraph publications

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    http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1038/s41374-018-0181-x

    DOI

    http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41374-018-0181-x

    DIMENSIONS

    https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1111659585

    PUBMED

    https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/30683900


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