Increased virulence of the oral microbiome in oral squamous cell carcinoma revealed by metatranscriptome analyses View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle      Open Access: True


Article Info

DATE

2018-12

AUTHORS

Susan Yost, Philip Stashenko, Yoonhee Choi, Maria Kukuruzinska, Caroline A. Genco, Andrew Salama, Ellen O. Weinberg, Carolyn D. Kramer, Jorge Frias-Lopez

ABSTRACT

Oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) is the most prevalent and most commonly studied oral cancer. However, there is a void regarding the role that the oral microbiome may play in OSCC. Although the relationship between microbial community composition and OSCC has been thoroughly investigated, microbial profiles of the human microbiome in cancer are understudied. Here we performed a small pilot study of community-wide metatranscriptome analysis to profile mRNA expression in the entire oral microbiome in OSCC to reveal molecular functions associated with this disease. Fusobacteria showed a statistically significantly higher number of transcripts at tumour sites and tumour-adjacent sites of cancer patients compared to the healthy controls analysed. Regardless of the community composition, specific metabolic signatures were consistently found in disease. Activities such as iron ion transport, tryptophanase activity, peptidase activities and superoxide dismutase were over-represented in tumour and tumour-adjacent samples when compared to the healthy controls. The expression of putative virulence factors in the oral communities associated with OSCC showed that activities related to capsule biosynthesis, flagellum synthesis and assembly, chemotaxis, iron transport, haemolysins and adhesins were upregulated at tumour sites. Moreover, activities associated with protection against reactive nitrogen intermediates, chemotaxis, flagellar and capsule biosynthesis were also upregulated in non-tumour sites of cancer patients. Although they are preliminary, our results further suggest that Fusobacteria may be the leading phylogenetic group responsible for the increase in expression of virulence factors in the oral microbiome of OSCC patients. More... »

PAGES

32

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  • Identifiers

    URI

    http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1038/s41368-018-0037-7

    DOI

    http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41368-018-0037-7

    DIMENSIONS

    https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1109823467

    PUBMED

    https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/30420594


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