Anthropometric and glucometabolic changes in an aged mouse model of lipocalin-2 overexpression View Full Text


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Article Info

DATE

2018-08-06

AUTHORS

Elisa Principi, Ambra Buschiazzo, Andrea Papait, Patrizio Castagnola, Delfina Costa, Roberta Pece, Irena Maric, Mara Scussolini, Cecilia Marini, Gianmario Sambuceti, Felice Strollo, Sara Tavella

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Lipocalin-2 (LCN2) is widely expressed in the organism with pleiotropic roles. In particular, its overexpression correlates with tissue stress conditions including inflammation, metabolic disorders, chronic diseases and cancer. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effects of systemic LCN2 overexpression on adipose tissue and glucose metabolism. SUBJECTS: Eighteen-month-old transgenic mice with systemic LCN2 overexpression (LCN2-Tg) and age/sex-matched wild-type mice. METHODS: Metabolic cages; histology and real-time PCR analysis; glucose and insulin tolerance tests; ELISA; flow cytometry; microPET and serum analysis. RESULTS: LCN2-Tg mice were smaller compared to controls but they ate (P = 0.0156) and drank (P = 0.0057) more and displayed a higher amount of visceral adipose tissue. Furthermore, LCN2-Tg mice with body weight ≥20 g showed adipocytes with a higher cell area (P < 0.0001) and altered expression of genes involved in adipocyte differentiation and inflammation. In particular, mRNA levels of adipocyte-derived Pparg (P ≤ 0.0001), Srebf1 (P < 0.0001), Fabp4 (P = 0.056), Tnfa (P = 0.0391), Il6 (P = 0.0198), and Lep (P = 0.0003) were all increased. Furthermore, LCN2-Tg mice displayed a decreased amount of basal serum insulin (P = 0.0122) and a statistically significant impaired glucose tolerance and insulin sensitivity consistent with Slc2a2 mRNA (P ≤ 0.0001) downregulated expression. On the other hand, Insr mRNA (P ≤ 0.0001) was upregulated and correlated with microPET analysis that demonstrated a trend in reduced whole-body glucose consumption and MRGlu in the muscles and a significantly reduced MRGlu in brown adipose tissue (P = 0.0247). Nevertheless, an almost nine-fold acceleration of hexokinase activity was observed in the LCN2-Tg mice liver compared to controls (P = 0.0027). Moreover, AST and ALT were increased (P = 0.0421 and P = 0.0403, respectively), which indicated liver involvement also demonstrated by histological staining. CONCLUSIONS: We show that LCN2 profoundly impacts adipose tissue size and function and glucose metabolism, suggesting that LCN2 should be considered as a risk factor in ageing for metabolic disorders leading to obesity. More... »

PAGES

1-13

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1038/s41366-018-0171-5

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41366-018-0171-5

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1106023167

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/30082752


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