Association of desaturase activity and C-reactive protein in European children View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle      Open Access: True


Article Info

DATE

2017-01

AUTHORS

Maike Wolters, Claudia Börnhorst, Heike Schwarz, Patrizia Risé, Claudio Galli, Luis A. Moreno, Valeria Pala, Paola Russo, Toomas Veidebaum, Michael Tornaritis, Arno Fraterman, Stefaan De Henauw, Gabriele Eiben, Lauren Lissner, Dénes Molnár, Wolfgang Ahrens

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Desaturase enzymes influence the fatty acid (FA) composition of body tissues and their activity affects the conversion rate of saturated to monounsaturated FA and of polyunsaturated FA (PUFA) to long-chain PUFA. Desaturase activity has further been shown to be associated with inflammation. We investigate the association between delta-9 (D9D), delta-6 (D6D) and delta-5 desaturase (D5D) activity and high-sensitive C-reactive protein (CRP) in young children. METHODS: In the IDEFICS (Identification and prevention of dietary- and lifestyle-induced health effects in children and infants) cohort study children were examined at baseline (T0) and after 2 y (T1). D9D, D6D, and D5D activities were estimated from T0 product-precursor FA ratios. CRP was measured at T0 and T1. In a subsample of 1,943 children with available information on FA, CRP, and covariates, the cross-sectional and longitudinal associations of desaturase activity and CRP were analyzed. RESULTS: Cross-sectionally, a D9D increase of 0.01 units was associated with a 11% higher risk of having a serum CRP ≥ Percentile 75 (P75) (OR, 99% CI: 1.11 (1.01; 1.22)) whereas D6D and D5D were not associated with CRP. No significant associations were observed between baseline desaturase activity and CRP 2 y later. CONCLUSION: Cross-sectionally, our results indicate a positive association of D9D and CRP independent of weight status. High D9D activity may increase the risk of subclinical inflammation which is associated with metabolic disorders. As D9D expression increases with higher intake of saturated FA and carbohydrates, dietary changes may influence D9D activity and thus CRP. However, it remains to be investigated whether there is a causal relationship between D9D activity and CRP. More... »

PAGES

27

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1038/pr.2016.186

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/pr.2016.186

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1040025237

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/27653088


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