Self-assembled organic and polymer photonic crystals for laser applications View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle      Open Access: True


Article Info

DATE

2013-06

AUTHORS

Seiichi Furumi

ABSTRACT

This article describes an overview of recent developments in fabrication and uses of self-assembled photonic crystals (PCs) of organic and polymer materials, such as chiral liquid crystals (CLCs) and colloidal crystals (CCs), for laser applications. Both CLCs and CCs have intrinsic capabilities to spontaneously assemble 1D-PC and 3D-PC structures, respectively. When a periodic length in the PC structures of CLCs and CCs corresponds to several hundred nanometers of the light wavelength, the photonic band-gaps (PBGs) can be visualized as Bragg reflection colors. When combining fluorescence dyes in the CLCs and CCs, the stimulated laser action at PBG band edge(s) or within the PBG wavelength can be generated by optical excitation. Moreover, the optically excited laser action is controllable by external stimuli due to the self-organization of CLCs and CCs. This review highlights not only the research backgrounds of CLC and CC structures as PCs, but also the experimental results of their versatile soft and tunable laser applications. We believe that a wide variety of CLC and CC structures will have leading roles in the next generation of optoelectronic devices of organic and polymer materials. More... »

PAGES

579

References to SciGraph publications

Journal

TITLE

Polymer Journal

ISSUE

6

VOLUME

45

Author Affiliations

From Grant

  • Identifiers

    URI

    http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1038/pj.2012.181

    DOI

    http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/pj.2012.181

    DIMENSIONS

    https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1010549887


    Indexing Status Check whether this publication has been indexed by Scopus and Web Of Science using the SN Indexing Status Tool
    Incoming Citations Browse incoming citations for this publication using opencitations.net

    JSON-LD is the canonical representation for SciGraph data.

    TIP: You can open this SciGraph record using an external JSON-LD service: JSON-LD Playground Google SDTT

    [
      {
        "@context": "https://springernature.github.io/scigraph/jsonld/sgcontext.json", 
        "about": [
          {
            "id": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/0205", 
            "inDefinedTermSet": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/", 
            "name": "Optical Physics", 
            "type": "DefinedTerm"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/02", 
            "inDefinedTermSet": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/", 
            "name": "Physical Sciences", 
            "type": "DefinedTerm"
          }
        ], 
        "author": [
          {
            "affiliation": {
              "alternateName": "University of Tsukuba", 
              "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.20515.33", 
              "name": [
                "Applied Photonic Materials Group, National Institute for Materials Science (NIMS), Ibaraki, Japan", 
                "Nanosystems and Emergent Functions, Precursory Research for Embryonic Science and Technology (PRESTO), Japan Science and Technology Agency (JST), Saitama, Japan", 
                "Department of Materials Science and Engineering, Graduate School of Pure and Applied Sciences, University of Tsukuba, Ibaraki, Japan"
              ], 
              "type": "Organization"
            }, 
            "familyName": "Furumi", 
            "givenName": "Seiichi", 
            "id": "sg:person.0612077753.82", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.0612077753.82"
            ], 
            "type": "Person"
          }
        ], 
        "citation": [
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1038/35003523", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1000846360", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1038/35003523"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1038/35003523", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1000846360", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1038/35003523"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1002/adfm.201000143", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1001014506"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1002/adma.200300386", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1001331533"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1002/1616-3028(200104)11:2<95::aid-adfm95>3.0.co;2-o", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1002743127"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1002/adma.200501833", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1005807256"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1002/adma.200501833", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1005807256"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1364/oe.4.000167", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1006152222"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1002/1521-4095(20020517)14:10<746::aid-adma746>3.0.co;2-5", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1006485731"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1002/1521-3765(20000616)6:12<2129::aid-chem2129>3.0.co;2-p", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1008694802"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1038/nmat1155", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1008860181", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1038/nmat1155"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1038/nmat1155", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1008860181", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1038/nmat1155"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1038/378467a0", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1009407821", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1038/378467a0"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1002/1521-4095(20020219)14:4<306::aid-adma306>3.0.co;2-1", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1010840639"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1002/1521-4095(20020219)14:4<306::aid-adma306>3.0.co;2-1", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1010840639"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1002/(sici)1521-4095(200005)12:10<693::aid-adma693>3.0.co;2-j", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1011998926"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1002/adma.201000356", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1012079132"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1002/adma.201000356", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1012079132"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1002/adma.200390067", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1012286603"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1002/(sici)1521-4095(200004)12:8<589::aid-adma589>3.0.co;2-c", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1012294641"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1080/15421406908084884", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1012796092"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1002/tcr.20163", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1014295869"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1002/adma.200305681", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1019736802"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1166/jnn.2006.202", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1021149437"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1002/adma.201003108", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1021169681"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1126/science.284.5421.1819", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1021545774"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1039/c2jm34747d", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1024431640"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1002/adma.200602855", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1026562839"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1002/tcr.200900029", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1026931872"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1002/tcr.200900029", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1026931872"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tsf.2005.06.075", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1026978514"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1002/1521-4095(200107)13:14<1069::aid-adma1069>3.0.co;2-6", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1027514537"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1002/1616-3028(20020101)12:1<21::aid-adfm21>3.0.co;2-s", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1027832823"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1002/adma.200304960", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1028036675"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1002/1521-4095(200108)13:15<1135::aid-adma1135>3.0.co;2-s", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1028079756"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1002/9783527620555.ch4b", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1028177440"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1038/35036532", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1028723832", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1038/35036532"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1038/35036532", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1028723832", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1038/35036532"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1038/28343", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1029584989", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1038/28343"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1038/28343", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1029584989", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1038/28343"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1002/adma.200306542", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1030024803"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1002/anie.198403481", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1030117741"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1021/ja300278e", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1030186510"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1002/adma.200902552", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1030981835"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1002/adma.200902552", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1030981835"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1126/science.289.5479.604", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1031605252"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1021/ic901663w", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1032006618"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1021/ic901663w", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1032006618"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1002/adma.200900721", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1032289234"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1002/adma.200900721", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1032289234"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/s1369-7021(06)71574-7", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1034347623"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1002/adma.200600353", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1034768597"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1038/nature02063", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1035840991", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1038/nature02063"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1038/nature02063", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1035840991", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1038/nature02063"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1002/anie.201007849", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1035891898"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/s0038-1098(96)00716-8", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1036252492"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1002/(sici)1521-4095(200003)12:5<362::aid-adma362>3.0.co;2-p", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1038962881"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1039/c2nr31522j", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1039692554"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1038/nphoton.2010.184", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1040048211", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1038/nphoton.2010.184"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1038/nphoton.2010.184", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1040048211", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1038/nphoton.2010.184"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1002/tcr.201000013", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1041357429"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1002/tcr.201000013", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1041357429"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1002/adma.201101825", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1041510349"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1002/anie.200907091", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1041917204"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1103/physrevlett.58.2059", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1042120164"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1103/physrevlett.58.2059", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1042120164"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/s0009-2614(01)00982-4", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1043348067"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1002/adma.200300009", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1043682054"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1002/adfm.200600538", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1043761698"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1002/pssa.200776422", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1044542957"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1002/adma.19970090318", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1046286322"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1038/nmat727", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1046419376", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1038/nmat727"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1038/nmat727", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1046419376", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1038/nmat727"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1002/lpor.200910005", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1048207800"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1002/lpor.200910005", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1048207800"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1002/adfm.200305160", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1048367115"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1038/asiamat.2010.192", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1048568516", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1038/asiamat.2010.192"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1038/17343", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1049748358", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1038/17343"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1038/17343", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1049748358", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1038/17343"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1002/tcr.20169", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1050066748"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1002/tcr.20169", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1050066748"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/s0040-6090(03)00796-x", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1050072549"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/s0040-6090(03)00796-x", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1050072549"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1002/adma.200501355", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1051425715"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1002/adma.200501355", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1051425715"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1039/b802461h", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1051619731"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1002/adma.200501849", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1051643310"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1002/adma.200501849", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1051643310"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1002/anie.200501384", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1052498228"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1002/anie.200501384", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1052498228"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1039/b106617j", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1053433935"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1021/cr00071a001", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1053775567"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1021/ar700197v", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1055151708"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1021/ar700197v", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1055151708"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1021/cm9026144", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1055417609"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1021/cm9026144", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1055417609"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1021/ja026532s", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1055830936"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1021/ja026532s", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1055830936"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1021/ja048655d", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1055837785"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1021/ja048655d", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1055837785"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1021/ja067016v", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1055843537"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1021/ja067016v", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1055843537"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1021/ja9600643", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1055864560"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1021/ja9600643", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1055864560"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1021/ja971912c", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1055867907"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1021/ja971912c", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1055867907"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1021/la034918q", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1056145891"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1021/la034918q", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1056145891"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1021/la051018w", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1056148829"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1021/la051018w", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1056148829"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1021/ma011738j", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1056186306"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1021/ma011738j", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1056186306"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1021/ma0487655", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1056189870"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1021/ma0487655", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1056189870"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1021/ma200850m", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1056195351"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1021/ma200850m", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1056195351"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1063/1.117543", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1057681751"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1063/1.123367", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1057687517"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1063/1.1522498", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1057716109"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1063/1.1534613", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1057717407"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1063/1.1577829", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1057722240"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1063/1.1653714", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1057731746"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1063/1.1699445", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1057769892"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1063/1.1897439", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1057831115"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1063/1.2161167", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1057840521"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1063/1.2172294", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1057842443"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1063/1.2174090", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1057842837"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1063/1.2349826", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1057851219"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1063/1.2404941", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1057855101"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1063/1.356336", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1057975363"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1103/physrevb.19.5057", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1060525345"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1103/physrevb.19.5057", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1060525345"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1103/physrevb.48.11265", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1060567138"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1103/physrevb.48.11265", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1060567138"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1103/physrevlett.20.1024", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1060770814"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1103/physrevlett.20.1024", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1060770814"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1103/physrevlett.24.209", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1060773332"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1103/physrevlett.24.209", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1060773332"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1103/physrevlett.58.2486", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1060795108"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1103/physrevlett.58.2486", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1060795108"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1126/science.1070967", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1062446466"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1143/apex.2.102501", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1063030921"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1143/apex.2.102501", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1063030921"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1143/jjap.33.l1463", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1063053025"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1143/jjap.38.l1403", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1063062829"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1143/jjap.40.l1226", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1063066964"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1143/jjap.43.6084", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1063072734"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1143/jjap.46.l874", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1063080491"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1364/ol.23.001707", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1065218280"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1364/ol.26.000804", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1065219754"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1557/mrs2001.159", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1067967754"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }
        ], 
        "datePublished": "2013-06", 
        "datePublishedReg": "2013-06-01", 
        "description": "This article describes an overview of recent developments in fabrication and uses of self-assembled photonic crystals (PCs) of organic and polymer materials, such as chiral liquid crystals (CLCs) and colloidal crystals (CCs), for laser applications. Both CLCs and CCs have intrinsic capabilities to spontaneously assemble 1D-PC and 3D-PC structures, respectively. When a periodic length in the PC structures of CLCs and CCs corresponds to several hundred nanometers of the light wavelength, the photonic band-gaps (PBGs) can be visualized as Bragg reflection colors. When combining fluorescence dyes in the CLCs and CCs, the stimulated laser action at PBG band edge(s) or within the PBG wavelength can be generated by optical excitation. Moreover, the optically excited laser action is controllable by external stimuli due to the self-organization of CLCs and CCs. This review highlights not only the research backgrounds of CLC and CC structures as PCs, but also the experimental results of their versatile soft and tunable laser applications. We believe that a wide variety of CLC and CC structures will have leading roles in the next generation of optoelectronic devices of organic and polymer materials.", 
        "genre": "research_article", 
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1038/pj.2012.181", 
        "inLanguage": [
          "en"
        ], 
        "isAccessibleForFree": true, 
        "isFundedItemOf": [
          {
            "id": "sg:grant.6116174", 
            "type": "MonetaryGrant"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:grant.6047510", 
            "type": "MonetaryGrant"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:grant.6117676", 
            "type": "MonetaryGrant"
          }
        ], 
        "isPartOf": [
          {
            "id": "sg:journal.1043822", 
            "issn": [
              "0032-3896", 
              "1349-0540"
            ], 
            "name": "Polymer Journal", 
            "type": "Periodical"
          }, 
          {
            "issueNumber": "6", 
            "type": "PublicationIssue"
          }, 
          {
            "type": "PublicationVolume", 
            "volumeNumber": "45"
          }
        ], 
        "name": "Self-assembled organic and polymer photonic crystals for laser applications", 
        "pagination": "579", 
        "productId": [
          {
            "name": "readcube_id", 
            "type": "PropertyValue", 
            "value": [
              "324289d443f91b3449b942fd905235f9064c5fdb366df74ddb484fdfd0ef2059"
            ]
          }, 
          {
            "name": "doi", 
            "type": "PropertyValue", 
            "value": [
              "10.1038/pj.2012.181"
            ]
          }, 
          {
            "name": "dimensions_id", 
            "type": "PropertyValue", 
            "value": [
              "pub.1010549887"
            ]
          }
        ], 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://doi.org/10.1038/pj.2012.181", 
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1010549887"
        ], 
        "sdDataset": "articles", 
        "sdDatePublished": "2019-04-10T20:35", 
        "sdLicense": "https://scigraph.springernature.com/explorer/license/", 
        "sdPublisher": {
          "name": "Springer Nature - SN SciGraph project", 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "sdSource": "s3://com-uberresearch-data-dimensions-target-20181106-alternative/cleanup/v134/2549eaecd7973599484d7c17b260dba0a4ecb94b/merge/v9/a6c9fde33151104705d4d7ff012ea9563521a3ce/jats-lookup/v90/0000000001_0000000264/records_8684_00000435.jsonl", 
        "type": "ScholarlyArticle", 
        "url": "https://www.nature.com/articles/pj2012181"
      }
    ]
     

    Download the RDF metadata as:  json-ld nt turtle xml License info

    HOW TO GET THIS DATA PROGRAMMATICALLY:

    JSON-LD is a popular format for linked data which is fully compatible with JSON.

    curl -H 'Accept: application/ld+json' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1038/pj.2012.181'

    N-Triples is a line-based linked data format ideal for batch operations.

    curl -H 'Accept: application/n-triples' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1038/pj.2012.181'

    Turtle is a human-readable linked data format.

    curl -H 'Accept: text/turtle' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1038/pj.2012.181'

    RDF/XML is a standard XML format for linked data.

    curl -H 'Accept: application/rdf+xml' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1038/pj.2012.181'


     

    This table displays all metadata directly associated to this object as RDF triples.

    409 TRIPLES      21 PREDICATES      137 URIs      19 LITERALS      7 BLANK NODES

    Subject Predicate Object
    1 sg:pub.10.1038/pj.2012.181 schema:about anzsrc-for:02
    2 anzsrc-for:0205
    3 schema:author Nb5585dd387c64487919ad400db37fc50
    4 schema:citation sg:pub.10.1038/17343
    5 sg:pub.10.1038/28343
    6 sg:pub.10.1038/35003523
    7 sg:pub.10.1038/35036532
    8 sg:pub.10.1038/378467a0
    9 sg:pub.10.1038/asiamat.2010.192
    10 sg:pub.10.1038/nature02063
    11 sg:pub.10.1038/nmat1155
    12 sg:pub.10.1038/nmat727
    13 sg:pub.10.1038/nphoton.2010.184
    14 https://doi.org/10.1002/(sici)1521-4095(200003)12:5<362::aid-adma362>3.0.co;2-p
    15 https://doi.org/10.1002/(sici)1521-4095(200004)12:8<589::aid-adma589>3.0.co;2-c
    16 https://doi.org/10.1002/(sici)1521-4095(200005)12:10<693::aid-adma693>3.0.co;2-j
    17 https://doi.org/10.1002/1521-3765(20000616)6:12<2129::aid-chem2129>3.0.co;2-p
    18 https://doi.org/10.1002/1521-4095(200107)13:14<1069::aid-adma1069>3.0.co;2-6
    19 https://doi.org/10.1002/1521-4095(200108)13:15<1135::aid-adma1135>3.0.co;2-s
    20 https://doi.org/10.1002/1521-4095(20020219)14:4<306::aid-adma306>3.0.co;2-1
    21 https://doi.org/10.1002/1521-4095(20020517)14:10<746::aid-adma746>3.0.co;2-5
    22 https://doi.org/10.1002/1616-3028(200104)11:2<95::aid-adfm95>3.0.co;2-o
    23 https://doi.org/10.1002/1616-3028(20020101)12:1<21::aid-adfm21>3.0.co;2-s
    24 https://doi.org/10.1002/9783527620555.ch4b
    25 https://doi.org/10.1002/adfm.200305160
    26 https://doi.org/10.1002/adfm.200600538
    27 https://doi.org/10.1002/adfm.201000143
    28 https://doi.org/10.1002/adma.19970090318
    29 https://doi.org/10.1002/adma.200300009
    30 https://doi.org/10.1002/adma.200300386
    31 https://doi.org/10.1002/adma.200304960
    32 https://doi.org/10.1002/adma.200305681
    33 https://doi.org/10.1002/adma.200306542
    34 https://doi.org/10.1002/adma.200390067
    35 https://doi.org/10.1002/adma.200501355
    36 https://doi.org/10.1002/adma.200501833
    37 https://doi.org/10.1002/adma.200501849
    38 https://doi.org/10.1002/adma.200600353
    39 https://doi.org/10.1002/adma.200602855
    40 https://doi.org/10.1002/adma.200900721
    41 https://doi.org/10.1002/adma.200902552
    42 https://doi.org/10.1002/adma.201000356
    43 https://doi.org/10.1002/adma.201003108
    44 https://doi.org/10.1002/adma.201101825
    45 https://doi.org/10.1002/anie.198403481
    46 https://doi.org/10.1002/anie.200501384
    47 https://doi.org/10.1002/anie.200907091
    48 https://doi.org/10.1002/anie.201007849
    49 https://doi.org/10.1002/lpor.200910005
    50 https://doi.org/10.1002/pssa.200776422
    51 https://doi.org/10.1002/tcr.200900029
    52 https://doi.org/10.1002/tcr.201000013
    53 https://doi.org/10.1002/tcr.20163
    54 https://doi.org/10.1002/tcr.20169
    55 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tsf.2005.06.075
    56 https://doi.org/10.1016/s0009-2614(01)00982-4
    57 https://doi.org/10.1016/s0038-1098(96)00716-8
    58 https://doi.org/10.1016/s0040-6090(03)00796-x
    59 https://doi.org/10.1016/s1369-7021(06)71574-7
    60 https://doi.org/10.1021/ar700197v
    61 https://doi.org/10.1021/cm9026144
    62 https://doi.org/10.1021/cr00071a001
    63 https://doi.org/10.1021/ic901663w
    64 https://doi.org/10.1021/ja026532s
    65 https://doi.org/10.1021/ja048655d
    66 https://doi.org/10.1021/ja067016v
    67 https://doi.org/10.1021/ja300278e
    68 https://doi.org/10.1021/ja9600643
    69 https://doi.org/10.1021/ja971912c
    70 https://doi.org/10.1021/la034918q
    71 https://doi.org/10.1021/la051018w
    72 https://doi.org/10.1021/ma011738j
    73 https://doi.org/10.1021/ma0487655
    74 https://doi.org/10.1021/ma200850m
    75 https://doi.org/10.1039/b106617j
    76 https://doi.org/10.1039/b802461h
    77 https://doi.org/10.1039/c2jm34747d
    78 https://doi.org/10.1039/c2nr31522j
    79 https://doi.org/10.1063/1.117543
    80 https://doi.org/10.1063/1.123367
    81 https://doi.org/10.1063/1.1522498
    82 https://doi.org/10.1063/1.1534613
    83 https://doi.org/10.1063/1.1577829
    84 https://doi.org/10.1063/1.1653714
    85 https://doi.org/10.1063/1.1699445
    86 https://doi.org/10.1063/1.1897439
    87 https://doi.org/10.1063/1.2161167
    88 https://doi.org/10.1063/1.2172294
    89 https://doi.org/10.1063/1.2174090
    90 https://doi.org/10.1063/1.2349826
    91 https://doi.org/10.1063/1.2404941
    92 https://doi.org/10.1063/1.356336
    93 https://doi.org/10.1080/15421406908084884
    94 https://doi.org/10.1103/physrevb.19.5057
    95 https://doi.org/10.1103/physrevb.48.11265
    96 https://doi.org/10.1103/physrevlett.20.1024
    97 https://doi.org/10.1103/physrevlett.24.209
    98 https://doi.org/10.1103/physrevlett.58.2059
    99 https://doi.org/10.1103/physrevlett.58.2486
    100 https://doi.org/10.1126/science.1070967
    101 https://doi.org/10.1126/science.284.5421.1819
    102 https://doi.org/10.1126/science.289.5479.604
    103 https://doi.org/10.1143/apex.2.102501
    104 https://doi.org/10.1143/jjap.33.l1463
    105 https://doi.org/10.1143/jjap.38.l1403
    106 https://doi.org/10.1143/jjap.40.l1226
    107 https://doi.org/10.1143/jjap.43.6084
    108 https://doi.org/10.1143/jjap.46.l874
    109 https://doi.org/10.1166/jnn.2006.202
    110 https://doi.org/10.1364/oe.4.000167
    111 https://doi.org/10.1364/ol.23.001707
    112 https://doi.org/10.1364/ol.26.000804
    113 https://doi.org/10.1557/mrs2001.159
    114 schema:datePublished 2013-06
    115 schema:datePublishedReg 2013-06-01
    116 schema:description This article describes an overview of recent developments in fabrication and uses of self-assembled photonic crystals (PCs) of organic and polymer materials, such as chiral liquid crystals (CLCs) and colloidal crystals (CCs), for laser applications. Both CLCs and CCs have intrinsic capabilities to spontaneously assemble 1D-PC and 3D-PC structures, respectively. When a periodic length in the PC structures of CLCs and CCs corresponds to several hundred nanometers of the light wavelength, the photonic band-gaps (PBGs) can be visualized as Bragg reflection colors. When combining fluorescence dyes in the CLCs and CCs, the stimulated laser action at PBG band edge(s) or within the PBG wavelength can be generated by optical excitation. Moreover, the optically excited laser action is controllable by external stimuli due to the self-organization of CLCs and CCs. This review highlights not only the research backgrounds of CLC and CC structures as PCs, but also the experimental results of their versatile soft and tunable laser applications. We believe that a wide variety of CLC and CC structures will have leading roles in the next generation of optoelectronic devices of organic and polymer materials.
    117 schema:genre research_article
    118 schema:inLanguage en
    119 schema:isAccessibleForFree true
    120 schema:isPartOf N3528a27a511e430d947f73212aecaf8f
    121 N46fe4968568e4bf68c7f640038958228
    122 sg:journal.1043822
    123 schema:name Self-assembled organic and polymer photonic crystals for laser applications
    124 schema:pagination 579
    125 schema:productId N060412f96c124f52bb72be8c46aea20e
    126 N1a887f3f6e984384b8ac9e4bdc980305
    127 N4d13d9b170aa47f69b8a74e2b9aaa986
    128 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1010549887
    129 https://doi.org/10.1038/pj.2012.181
    130 schema:sdDatePublished 2019-04-10T20:35
    131 schema:sdLicense https://scigraph.springernature.com/explorer/license/
    132 schema:sdPublisher N257f7cf24ec34c8183570eb1ff943257
    133 schema:url https://www.nature.com/articles/pj2012181
    134 sgo:license sg:explorer/license/
    135 sgo:sdDataset articles
    136 rdf:type schema:ScholarlyArticle
    137 N060412f96c124f52bb72be8c46aea20e schema:name readcube_id
    138 schema:value 324289d443f91b3449b942fd905235f9064c5fdb366df74ddb484fdfd0ef2059
    139 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
    140 N1a887f3f6e984384b8ac9e4bdc980305 schema:name doi
    141 schema:value 10.1038/pj.2012.181
    142 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
    143 N257f7cf24ec34c8183570eb1ff943257 schema:name Springer Nature - SN SciGraph project
    144 rdf:type schema:Organization
    145 N3528a27a511e430d947f73212aecaf8f schema:volumeNumber 45
    146 rdf:type schema:PublicationVolume
    147 N46fe4968568e4bf68c7f640038958228 schema:issueNumber 6
    148 rdf:type schema:PublicationIssue
    149 N4d13d9b170aa47f69b8a74e2b9aaa986 schema:name dimensions_id
    150 schema:value pub.1010549887
    151 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
    152 Nb5585dd387c64487919ad400db37fc50 rdf:first sg:person.0612077753.82
    153 rdf:rest rdf:nil
    154 anzsrc-for:02 schema:inDefinedTermSet anzsrc-for:
    155 schema:name Physical Sciences
    156 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
    157 anzsrc-for:0205 schema:inDefinedTermSet anzsrc-for:
    158 schema:name Optical Physics
    159 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
    160 sg:grant.6047510 http://pending.schema.org/fundedItem sg:pub.10.1038/pj.2012.181
    161 rdf:type schema:MonetaryGrant
    162 sg:grant.6116174 http://pending.schema.org/fundedItem sg:pub.10.1038/pj.2012.181
    163 rdf:type schema:MonetaryGrant
    164 sg:grant.6117676 http://pending.schema.org/fundedItem sg:pub.10.1038/pj.2012.181
    165 rdf:type schema:MonetaryGrant
    166 sg:journal.1043822 schema:issn 0032-3896
    167 1349-0540
    168 schema:name Polymer Journal
    169 rdf:type schema:Periodical
    170 sg:person.0612077753.82 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.20515.33
    171 schema:familyName Furumi
    172 schema:givenName Seiichi
    173 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.0612077753.82
    174 rdf:type schema:Person
    175 sg:pub.10.1038/17343 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1049748358
    176 https://doi.org/10.1038/17343
    177 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    178 sg:pub.10.1038/28343 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1029584989
    179 https://doi.org/10.1038/28343
    180 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    181 sg:pub.10.1038/35003523 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1000846360
    182 https://doi.org/10.1038/35003523
    183 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    184 sg:pub.10.1038/35036532 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1028723832
    185 https://doi.org/10.1038/35036532
    186 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    187 sg:pub.10.1038/378467a0 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1009407821
    188 https://doi.org/10.1038/378467a0
    189 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    190 sg:pub.10.1038/asiamat.2010.192 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1048568516
    191 https://doi.org/10.1038/asiamat.2010.192
    192 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    193 sg:pub.10.1038/nature02063 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1035840991
    194 https://doi.org/10.1038/nature02063
    195 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    196 sg:pub.10.1038/nmat1155 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1008860181
    197 https://doi.org/10.1038/nmat1155
    198 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    199 sg:pub.10.1038/nmat727 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1046419376
    200 https://doi.org/10.1038/nmat727
    201 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    202 sg:pub.10.1038/nphoton.2010.184 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1040048211
    203 https://doi.org/10.1038/nphoton.2010.184
    204 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    205 https://doi.org/10.1002/(sici)1521-4095(200003)12:5<362::aid-adma362>3.0.co;2-p schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1038962881
    206 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    207 https://doi.org/10.1002/(sici)1521-4095(200004)12:8<589::aid-adma589>3.0.co;2-c schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1012294641
    208 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    209 https://doi.org/10.1002/(sici)1521-4095(200005)12:10<693::aid-adma693>3.0.co;2-j schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1011998926
    210 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    211 https://doi.org/10.1002/1521-3765(20000616)6:12<2129::aid-chem2129>3.0.co;2-p schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1008694802
    212 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    213 https://doi.org/10.1002/1521-4095(200107)13:14<1069::aid-adma1069>3.0.co;2-6 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1027514537
    214 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    215 https://doi.org/10.1002/1521-4095(200108)13:15<1135::aid-adma1135>3.0.co;2-s schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1028079756
    216 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    217 https://doi.org/10.1002/1521-4095(20020219)14:4<306::aid-adma306>3.0.co;2-1 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1010840639
    218 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    219 https://doi.org/10.1002/1521-4095(20020517)14:10<746::aid-adma746>3.0.co;2-5 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1006485731
    220 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    221 https://doi.org/10.1002/1616-3028(200104)11:2<95::aid-adfm95>3.0.co;2-o schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1002743127
    222 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    223 https://doi.org/10.1002/1616-3028(20020101)12:1<21::aid-adfm21>3.0.co;2-s schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1027832823
    224 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    225 https://doi.org/10.1002/9783527620555.ch4b schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1028177440
    226 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    227 https://doi.org/10.1002/adfm.200305160 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1048367115
    228 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    229 https://doi.org/10.1002/adfm.200600538 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1043761698
    230 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    231 https://doi.org/10.1002/adfm.201000143 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1001014506
    232 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    233 https://doi.org/10.1002/adma.19970090318 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1046286322
    234 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    235 https://doi.org/10.1002/adma.200300009 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1043682054
    236 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    237 https://doi.org/10.1002/adma.200300386 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1001331533
    238 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    239 https://doi.org/10.1002/adma.200304960 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1028036675
    240 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    241 https://doi.org/10.1002/adma.200305681 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1019736802
    242 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    243 https://doi.org/10.1002/adma.200306542 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1030024803
    244 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    245 https://doi.org/10.1002/adma.200390067 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1012286603
    246 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    247 https://doi.org/10.1002/adma.200501355 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1051425715
    248 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    249 https://doi.org/10.1002/adma.200501833 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1005807256
    250 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    251 https://doi.org/10.1002/adma.200501849 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1051643310
    252 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    253 https://doi.org/10.1002/adma.200600353 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1034768597
    254 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    255 https://doi.org/10.1002/adma.200602855 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1026562839
    256 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    257 https://doi.org/10.1002/adma.200900721 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1032289234
    258 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    259 https://doi.org/10.1002/adma.200902552 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1030981835
    260 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    261 https://doi.org/10.1002/adma.201000356 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1012079132
    262 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    263 https://doi.org/10.1002/adma.201003108 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1021169681
    264 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    265 https://doi.org/10.1002/adma.201101825 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1041510349
    266 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    267 https://doi.org/10.1002/anie.198403481 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1030117741
    268 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    269 https://doi.org/10.1002/anie.200501384 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1052498228
    270 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    271 https://doi.org/10.1002/anie.200907091 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1041917204
    272 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    273 https://doi.org/10.1002/anie.201007849 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1035891898
    274 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    275 https://doi.org/10.1002/lpor.200910005 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1048207800
    276 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    277 https://doi.org/10.1002/pssa.200776422 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1044542957
    278 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    279 https://doi.org/10.1002/tcr.200900029 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1026931872
    280 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    281 https://doi.org/10.1002/tcr.201000013 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1041357429
    282 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    283 https://doi.org/10.1002/tcr.20163 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1014295869
    284 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    285 https://doi.org/10.1002/tcr.20169 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1050066748
    286 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    287 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tsf.2005.06.075 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1026978514
    288 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    289 https://doi.org/10.1016/s0009-2614(01)00982-4 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1043348067
    290 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    291 https://doi.org/10.1016/s0038-1098(96)00716-8 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1036252492
    292 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    293 https://doi.org/10.1016/s0040-6090(03)00796-x schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1050072549
    294 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    295 https://doi.org/10.1016/s1369-7021(06)71574-7 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1034347623
    296 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    297 https://doi.org/10.1021/ar700197v schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1055151708
    298 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    299 https://doi.org/10.1021/cm9026144 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1055417609
    300 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    301 https://doi.org/10.1021/cr00071a001 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1053775567
    302 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    303 https://doi.org/10.1021/ic901663w schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1032006618
    304 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    305 https://doi.org/10.1021/ja026532s schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1055830936
    306 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    307 https://doi.org/10.1021/ja048655d schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1055837785
    308 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    309 https://doi.org/10.1021/ja067016v schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1055843537
    310 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    311 https://doi.org/10.1021/ja300278e schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1030186510
    312 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    313 https://doi.org/10.1021/ja9600643 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1055864560
    314 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    315 https://doi.org/10.1021/ja971912c schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1055867907
    316 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    317 https://doi.org/10.1021/la034918q schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1056145891
    318 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    319 https://doi.org/10.1021/la051018w schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1056148829
    320 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    321 https://doi.org/10.1021/ma011738j schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1056186306
    322 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    323 https://doi.org/10.1021/ma0487655 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1056189870
    324 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    325 https://doi.org/10.1021/ma200850m schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1056195351
    326 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    327 https://doi.org/10.1039/b106617j schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1053433935
    328 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    329 https://doi.org/10.1039/b802461h schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1051619731
    330 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    331 https://doi.org/10.1039/c2jm34747d schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1024431640
    332 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    333 https://doi.org/10.1039/c2nr31522j schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1039692554
    334 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    335 https://doi.org/10.1063/1.117543 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1057681751
    336 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    337 https://doi.org/10.1063/1.123367 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1057687517
    338 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    339 https://doi.org/10.1063/1.1522498 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1057716109
    340 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    341 https://doi.org/10.1063/1.1534613 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1057717407
    342 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    343 https://doi.org/10.1063/1.1577829 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1057722240
    344 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    345 https://doi.org/10.1063/1.1653714 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1057731746
    346 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    347 https://doi.org/10.1063/1.1699445 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1057769892
    348 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    349 https://doi.org/10.1063/1.1897439 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1057831115
    350 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    351 https://doi.org/10.1063/1.2161167 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1057840521
    352 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    353 https://doi.org/10.1063/1.2172294 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1057842443
    354 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    355 https://doi.org/10.1063/1.2174090 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1057842837
    356 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    357 https://doi.org/10.1063/1.2349826 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1057851219
    358 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    359 https://doi.org/10.1063/1.2404941 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1057855101
    360 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    361 https://doi.org/10.1063/1.356336 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1057975363
    362 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    363 https://doi.org/10.1080/15421406908084884 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1012796092
    364 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    365 https://doi.org/10.1103/physrevb.19.5057 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1060525345
    366 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    367 https://doi.org/10.1103/physrevb.48.11265 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1060567138
    368 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    369 https://doi.org/10.1103/physrevlett.20.1024 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1060770814
    370 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    371 https://doi.org/10.1103/physrevlett.24.209 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1060773332
    372 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    373 https://doi.org/10.1103/physrevlett.58.2059 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1042120164
    374 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    375 https://doi.org/10.1103/physrevlett.58.2486 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1060795108
    376 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    377 https://doi.org/10.1126/science.1070967 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1062446466
    378 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    379 https://doi.org/10.1126/science.284.5421.1819 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1021545774
    380 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    381 https://doi.org/10.1126/science.289.5479.604 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1031605252
    382 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    383 https://doi.org/10.1143/apex.2.102501 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1063030921
    384 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    385 https://doi.org/10.1143/jjap.33.l1463 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1063053025
    386 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    387 https://doi.org/10.1143/jjap.38.l1403 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1063062829
    388 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    389 https://doi.org/10.1143/jjap.40.l1226 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1063066964
    390 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    391 https://doi.org/10.1143/jjap.43.6084 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1063072734
    392 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    393 https://doi.org/10.1143/jjap.46.l874 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1063080491
    394 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    395 https://doi.org/10.1166/jnn.2006.202 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1021149437
    396 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    397 https://doi.org/10.1364/oe.4.000167 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1006152222
    398 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    399 https://doi.org/10.1364/ol.23.001707 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1065218280
    400 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    401 https://doi.org/10.1364/ol.26.000804 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1065219754
    402 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    403 https://doi.org/10.1557/mrs2001.159 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1067967754
    404 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    405 https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.20515.33 schema:alternateName University of Tsukuba
    406 schema:name Applied Photonic Materials Group, National Institute for Materials Science (NIMS), Ibaraki, Japan
    407 Department of Materials Science and Engineering, Graduate School of Pure and Applied Sciences, University of Tsukuba, Ibaraki, Japan
    408 Nanosystems and Emergent Functions, Precursory Research for Embryonic Science and Technology (PRESTO), Japan Science and Technology Agency (JST), Saitama, Japan
    409 rdf:type schema:Organization
     




    Preview window. Press ESC to close (or click here)


    ...