The branched-chain amino acid transaminase 1 sustains growth of antiestrogen-resistant and ERα-negative breast cancer View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle     


Article Info

DATE

2017-07

AUTHORS

V Thewes, R Simon, M Hlevnjak, M Schlotter, P Schroeter, K Schmidt, Y Wu, T Anzeneder, W Wang, P Windisch, M Kirchgäßner, N Melling, N Kneisel, R Büttner, U Deuschle, H P Sinn, A Schneeweiss, S Heck, S Kaulfuss, H Hess-Stumpp, J G Okun, G Sauter, A E Lykkesfeldt, M Zapatka, B Radlwimmer, P Lichter, M Tönjes

ABSTRACT

Antiestrogen-resistant and triple-negative breast tumors pose a serious clinical challenge because of limited treatment options. We assessed global gene expression changes in antiestrogen-sensitive compared with antiestrogen-resistant (two tamoxifen resistant and two fulvestrant resistant) MCF-7 breast cancer cell lines. The branched-chain amino acid transaminase 1 (BCAT1), which catalyzes the first step in the breakdown of branched-chain amino acids, was among the most upregulated transcripts in antiestrogen-resistant cells. Elevated BCAT1 expression was confirmed in relapsed tamoxifen-resistant breast tumor specimens. High intratumoral BCAT1 levels were associated with a reduced relapse-free survival in adjuvant tamoxifen-treated patients and overall survival in unselected patients. On a tissue microarray (n=1421), BCAT1 expression was detectable in 58% of unselected primary breast carcinomas and linked to a higher Ki-67 proliferation index, as well as histological grade. Interestingly, BCAT1 was predominantly expressed in estrogen receptor-α-negative/human epidermal growth factor receptor-2-positive (ERα-negative/HER-2-positive) and triple-negative breast cancers in independent patient cohorts. The inverse relationship between BCAT1 and ERα was corroborated in various breast cancer cell lines and pharmacological long-term depletion of ERα induced BCAT1 expression in vitro. Mechanistically, BCAT1 indirectly controlled expression of the cell cycle inhibitor p27Kip1 thereby affecting pRB. Correspondingly, phenotypic analyses using a lentiviral-mediated BCAT1 short hairpin RNA knockdown revealed that BCAT1 sustains proliferation in addition to migration and invasion and that its overexpression enhanced the capacity of antiestrogen-sensitive cells to grow in the presence of antiestrogens. Importantly, silencing of BCAT1 in an orthotopic triple-negative xenograft model resulted in a massive reduction of tumor volume in vivo, supporting our findings that BCAT1 is necessary for the growth of hormone-independent breast tumors. More... »

PAGES

4124-4134

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  • Identifiers

    URI

    http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1038/onc.2017.32

    DOI

    http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/onc.2017.32

    DIMENSIONS

    https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1084129924

    PUBMED

    https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/28319069


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