Activation of PDK-1 maintains mouse embryonic stem cell self-renewal in a PKB-dependent manner View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle      Open Access: True


Article Info

DATE

2013-03-04

AUTHORS

L S Ling, D Voskas, J R Woodgett

ABSTRACT

The phosphatidylinositol 3′ kinase (PI3K) pathway is involved in many cellular processes including cell proliferation, survival and glucose transport, and is implicated in various disease states, such as cancer and diabetes. Although there have been numerous studies dissecting the role of PI3K signaling in different cell types and disease models, the mechanism by which PI3K signaling regulates embryonic stem (ES) cell fate remains unclear. It is believed that in addition to proliferation and tumorigenesis, PI3K activity may also be important for ES cell self-renewal. Paling et al. reported that the inhibition of PI3K led to a reduction in the ability of leukemia inhibitory factor to maintain self-renewal, causing cells to differentiate. Studies in our lab have revealed that ES cells completely lacking glycogen synthase kinase-3 (GSK-3) remain undifferentiated compared with wild-type ES cells. GSK-3 is negatively regulated by PI3K, suggesting that PI3K may have a vital role in maintaining pluripotency in ES cells through GSK-3. By using a modified Flp recombinase system, we expressed activated alleles of 3-phosphoinositide-dependent protein kinase-1 and protein kinase B to create stable, isogenic ES cell lines to further study the role of the PI3K signaling pathway in stem cell fate determination. In vitro characterization of the transgenic cell lines revealed a strong tendency toward the maintenance of pluripotency, and this phenotype was found to be independent of canonical Wnt signal transduction. In summary, PI3K signaling is sufficient to maintain the self-renewal and survival of stem cells. As this pathway is frequently mutationally activated in cancers, its effect on suppressing differentiation may contribute to its oncogenicity. More... »

PAGES

5397-5408

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1038/onc.2013.44

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/onc.2013.44

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1009950233

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23455320


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