Genomic islands in pathogenic and environmental microorganisms View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle     


Article Info

DATE

2004-05

AUTHORS

Ulrich Dobrindt, Bianca Hochhut, Ute Hentschel, Jörg Hacker

ABSTRACT

Horizontal gene transfer is an important mechanism for the evolution of microbial genomes. Pathogenicity islands — mobile genetic elements that contribute to rapid changes in virulence potential — are known to have contributed to genome evolution by horizontal gene transfer in many bacterial pathogens. Increasing evidence indicates that equivalent elements in non-pathogenic species — genomic islands — are important in the evolution of these bacteria, influencing traits such as antibiotic resistance, symbiosis and fitness, and adaptation in general. This review discusses the recent lessons that have been learned from pathogenicity islands in pathogenic microorganisms and how they apply to the role of genomic islands in commensal, symbiotic and environmental bacteria. More... »

PAGES

414-424

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  • Identifiers

    URI

    http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1038/nrmicro884

    DOI

    http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/nrmicro884

    DIMENSIONS

    https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1006108697

    PUBMED

    https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/15100694


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