Genome analyses highlight the different biological roles of cellulases View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle     


Article Info

DATE

2012-01-23

AUTHORS

Felix Mba Medie, Gideon J. Davies, Michel Drancourt, Bernard Henrissat

ABSTRACT

Key PointsCellulose from plant cell wall components can be broken down by specialized enzymes, which are primarily found in cellulolytic microorganisms.The main types of cellulase can be classified into endoglucanases and exoglucanases, although oxidative enzymes can also participate. These enzymes are often modular.An analysis of ∼1,500 bacterial genomes listed in the Carbohydrate-Active Enzyme (CAZy) database shows that 38% of all sequenced bacterial genomes contain at least one enzyme involved in cellulose cleavage.The bacteria that encode one cellulase or more can be divided into four categories: saprophytes that do not synthesize cellulose, cellulose-synthesizing saprophytes, cellulose-synthesizing non-saprophytes and those that are neither saprophytic nor cellulose producing.The role of bacterial cellulases therefore appears to be far more diversified than simply breaking down plant cell wall cellulose. More... »

PAGES

227-234

Journal

TITLE

Nature Reviews Microbiology

ISSUE

3

VOLUME

10

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1038/nrmicro2729

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/nrmicro2729

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1043800246

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22266780


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182 schema:name Unité de Recherche sur les Maladies Infectieuses et Tropicales Emergentes, Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique (CNRS), Institut de Recherche pour le Développement, Faculté de Médecine, Aix-Marseille Université, 27 Bd Jean Moulin, 13005, Marseille, France
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184 grid-institutes:grid.5685.e schema:alternateName Department of Chemistry, York Structural Biology Laboratory, University of York, YO10 5DD, York, UK
185 schema:name Department of Chemistry, York Structural Biology Laboratory, University of York, YO10 5DD, York, UK
186 rdf:type schema:Organization
 




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