Call of the wild: antibiotic resistance genes in natural environments View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle     


Article Info

DATE

2010-03-01

AUTHORS

Heather K. Allen, Justin Donato, Helena Huimi Wang, Karen A. Cloud-Hansen, Julian Davies, Jo Handelsman

ABSTRACT

Key PointsAntibiotic-resistant bacteria, which are a serious threat to the treatment of bacterial diseases, arise as a result of exposure to antibiotics in clinical and agricultural settings. However, antibiotic resistance genes are also naturally present in microbial communities regardless of human influence. Research is needed to understand the emergence and spread of resistance genes among all environments.Antibiotic resistance in bacteria that are associated with wild animals is correlated with the proximity of the animals (and the bacteria) to human populations. Wild animals, and migratory wild birds in particular, are important contributors to the widespread dissemination of antibiotic resistance genes.Microbial communities harbour antibiotic-resistant bacteria regardless of the human use of antibiotics, as evidenced by the presence of novel mechanisms of resistance and phylogenetically divergent resistance genes in unpolluted soil microbial communities.Resistance to antibiotics may be a side effect of the original function of certain gene products, such as efflux pumps. Understanding the function of these gene products in natural microbial communities may uncover new ways of inhibiting the development of resistance in pathogens.The roles of so-called antibiotic resistance genes in natural microbial communities is unknown, although potential roles include antibiotic resistance, metabolic diversification and signal disruption. The fitness conferred by resistance genes to bacteria in their native hosts and habitats needs further study.Future work should focus on standardizing the methods used to acquire data about environmental antibiotic resistance genes and on understanding the many factors affecting the spread of antibiotic resistance genes. More... »

PAGES

251-259

References to SciGraph publications

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1038/nrmicro2312

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/nrmicro2312

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1011864741

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20190823


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