The modern molecular clock View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle     


Article Info

DATE

2003-03

AUTHORS

Lindell Bromham, David Penny

ABSTRACT

The discovery of the molecular clock--a relatively constant rate of molecular evolution--provided an insight into the mechanisms of molecular evolution, and created one of the most useful new tools in biology. The unexpected constancy of rate was explained by assuming that most changes to genes are effectively neutral. Theory predicts several sources of variation in the rate of molecular evolution. However, even an approximate clock allows time estimates of events in evolutionary history, which provides a method for testing a wide range of biological hypotheses ranging from the origins of the animal kingdom to the emergence of new viral epidemics. More... »

PAGES

216-224

References to SciGraph publications

  • 1971-03. On the rate of molecular evolution in JOURNAL OF MOLECULAR EVOLUTION
  • 1971-03. Rate of change of concomitantly variable codons in JOURNAL OF MOLECULAR EVOLUTION
  • 1971-03. On the constancy of the evolutionary rate of cistrons in JOURNAL OF MOLECULAR EVOLUTION
  • 2003-08. Molecular Clocks and Explosive Radiations in JOURNAL OF MOLECULAR EVOLUTION
  • 2002-04. Adaptive evolution of a duplicated pancreatic ribonuclease gene in a leaf-eating monkey in NATURE GENETICS
  • 1996-12. Determinants of rate variation in mammalian DNA sequence evolution in JOURNAL OF MOLECULAR EVOLUTION
  • 1991-11. Stomach lysozyme gene of the langur monkey: Tests for convergence and positive selection in JOURNAL OF MOLECULAR EVOLUTION
  • 2002-02. Adaptive protein evolution in Drosophila in NATURE
  • 1998-11. Sociality and the Rate of rDNA Sequence Evolution in Wasps (Vespidae) and Honeybees (Apis) in JOURNAL OF MOLECULAR EVOLUTION
  • 2000-04. Implications of Fluctuations in Substitution Rates: Impact on the Uncertainty of Branch Lengths and on Relative-Rate Tests in JOURNAL OF MOLECULAR EVOLUTION
  • 1998-04. A molecular timescale for vertebrate evolution in NATURE
  • 1971-03. The structure of cytochromec and the rates of molecular evolution in JOURNAL OF MOLECULAR EVOLUTION
  • 2000-03. The Power of Relative Rates Tests Depends on the Data in JOURNAL OF MOLECULAR EVOLUTION
  • 1981-11. Evolutionary trees from DNA sequences: A maximum likelihood approach in JOURNAL OF MOLECULAR EVOLUTION
  • 2003-08. Estimating Changes in Mutational Mechanisms of Evolution in JOURNAL OF MOLECULAR EVOLUTION
  • 2001-02. Parallel adaptive radiations in two major clades of placental mammals in NATURE
  • 2001-12. Mathematical Elegance with Biochemical Realism: The Covarion Model of Molecular Evolution in JOURNAL OF MOLECULAR EVOLUTION
  • 1987-11. Very slightly deleterious mutations and the molecular clock in JOURNAL OF MOLECULAR EVOLUTION
  • 2001-07. No evidence for slow-down of molecular substitution rates at subzero temperatures in Antarctic serolid isopods (Crustacea, Isopoda, Serolidae) in POLAR BIOLOGY
  • Identifiers

    URI

    http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1038/nrg1020

    DOI

    http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/nrg1020

    DIMENSIONS

    https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1049337982

    PUBMED

    https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/12610526


    Indexing Status Check whether this publication has been indexed by Scopus and Web Of Science using the SN Indexing Status Tool
    Incoming Citations Browse incoming citations for this publication using opencitations.net

    JSON-LD is the canonical representation for SciGraph data.

    TIP: You can open this SciGraph record using an external JSON-LD service: JSON-LD Playground Google SDTT

    [
      {
        "@context": "https://springernature.github.io/scigraph/jsonld/sgcontext.json", 
        "about": [
          {
            "id": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/0604", 
            "inDefinedTermSet": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/", 
            "name": "Genetics", 
            "type": "DefinedTerm"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/06", 
            "inDefinedTermSet": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/", 
            "name": "Biological Sciences", 
            "type": "DefinedTerm"
          }, 
          {
            "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
            "name": "Animals", 
            "type": "DefinedTerm"
          }, 
          {
            "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
            "name": "Communicable Diseases, Emerging", 
            "type": "DefinedTerm"
          }, 
          {
            "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
            "name": "DNA", 
            "type": "DefinedTerm"
          }, 
          {
            "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
            "name": "Disease Outbreaks", 
            "type": "DefinedTerm"
          }, 
          {
            "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
            "name": "Evolution, Molecular", 
            "type": "DefinedTerm"
          }, 
          {
            "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
            "name": "Genetics, Population", 
            "type": "DefinedTerm"
          }, 
          {
            "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
            "name": "History, Ancient", 
            "type": "DefinedTerm"
          }, 
          {
            "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
            "name": "Humans", 
            "type": "DefinedTerm"
          }, 
          {
            "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
            "name": "Models, Genetic", 
            "type": "DefinedTerm"
          }, 
          {
            "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
            "name": "Mutation", 
            "type": "DefinedTerm"
          }, 
          {
            "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
            "name": "Population Density", 
            "type": "DefinedTerm"
          }, 
          {
            "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
            "name": "Proteins", 
            "type": "DefinedTerm"
          }, 
          {
            "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
            "name": "Selection, Genetic", 
            "type": "DefinedTerm"
          }, 
          {
            "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
            "name": "Time Factors", 
            "type": "DefinedTerm"
          }
        ], 
        "author": [
          {
            "affiliation": {
              "alternateName": "University of Sussex", 
              "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.12082.39", 
              "name": [
                "Centre for the Study of Evolution, School of Biological Sciences, University of Sussex, Falmer, Brighton BN1 9QG, UK. l.d.bromham@sussex.ac.uk"
              ], 
              "type": "Organization"
            }, 
            "familyName": "Bromham", 
            "givenName": "Lindell", 
            "id": "sg:person.0650312147.59", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.0650312147.59"
            ], 
            "type": "Person"
          }, 
          {
            "familyName": "Penny", 
            "givenName": "David", 
            "id": "sg:person.01165445777.65", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01165445777.65"
            ], 
            "type": "Person"
          }
        ], 
        "citation": [
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.80.14.4394", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1001070039"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1093/oxfordjournals.molbev.a004083", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1001830392"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.252626899", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1002077247"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1111/j.0014-3820.2001.tb00803.x", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1002374715"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1111/j.0014-3820.2001.tb00803.x", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1002374715"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/s0065-308x(03)54008-8", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1002512907"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s002390010258", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1004191731", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/s002390010258"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1093/oxfordjournals.molbev.a003869", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1008337727"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1006/mpev.1994.1040", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1009287019"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1006/mpev.1996.0012", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1010029513"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s00239-003-0002-7", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1011051031", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/s00239-003-0002-7"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1111/j.0014-3820.2002.tb00118.x", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1011406832"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1046/j.1365-294x.1998.00364.x", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1012041476"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1046/j.1365-294x.1998.00364.x", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1012041476"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1554/0014-3820(2002)056[1921:ttrbma]2.0.co;2", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1012111237"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/0169-5347(94)90176-7", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1012988811"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.190330997", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1013255366"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/bf01659390", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1013701930", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/bf01659390"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/bf01659390", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1013701930", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/bf01659390"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1128/jvi.74.8.3715-3730.2000", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1014408791"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1038/ng852", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1015362297", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1038/ng852"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1038/ng852", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1015362297", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1038/ng852"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1103/physrevlett.89.208101", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1016709737"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1103/physrevlett.89.208101", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1016709737"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.95.21.12386", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1017689538"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/s0025-5564(01)00067-0", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1017844690"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1146/annurev.earth.30.091201.140057", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1019037529"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1038/31927", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1020088834", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1038/31927"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1038/31927", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1020088834", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1038/31927"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/bf02111276", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1020308053", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/bf02111276"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/bf02111276", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1020308053", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/bf02111276"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1093/oxfordjournals.molbev.a003811", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1023974539"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1046/j.1420-9101.2003.00526.x", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1024265084"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.82.6.1741", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1027315234"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/bf01659396", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1028341907", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/bf01659396"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/bf01659396", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1028341907", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/bf01659396"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/s0169-5347(99)01743-7", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1029460774"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.88.10.4270", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1029678198"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1093/oxfordjournals.molbev.a025731", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1031295681"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1038/4151022a", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1031456818", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1038/4151022a"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1038/4151022a", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1031456818", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1038/4151022a"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/bf02103133", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1032624873", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/bf02103133"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/bf02103133", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1032624873", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/bf02103133"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/bf01659391", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1033524841", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/bf01659391"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/bf01659391", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1033524841", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/bf01659391"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1093/oxfordjournals.molbev.a026264", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1033600105"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/bf01659392", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1035638159", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/bf01659392"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/bf01659392", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1035638159", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/bf01659392"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/s0169-5347(01)02394-1", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1036949410"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1038/35054544", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1037421173", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1038/35054544"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1038/35054544", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1037421173", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1038/35054544"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s002399910041", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1037620045", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/s002399910041"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s003000100245", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1038479932", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/s003000100245"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s003000100245", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1038479932", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/s003000100245"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.93.7.2873", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1038852250"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s002399910034", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1040335292", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/s002399910034"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1093/molbev/msg010", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1042422493"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1093/jhered/93.3.157", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1042698474"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1093/bioinformatics/16.4.395", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1042779067"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.96.7.3807", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1042814513"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.90.9.4087", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1043208527"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1093/icb/38.6.867", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1043568452"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.71.6.2169", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1043743470"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/bf01734359", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1044065382", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/bf01734359"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/bf01734359", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1044065382", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/bf01734359"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/s0169-5347(98)01507-9", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1044344221"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/bf02202109", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1045260668", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/bf02202109"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/bf02202109", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1045260668", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/bf02202109"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/bf02202109", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1045260668", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/bf02202109"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1098/rspb.2000.1108", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1048665344"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s00239-003-0032-1", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1049310190", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/s00239-003-0032-1"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/pl00006417", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1051113007", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/pl00006417"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1093/oxfordjournals.molbev.a025940", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1052641160"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1080/10635150290102375", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1058369289"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1080/10635150290102429", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1058369294"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1126/science.164.3881.788", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1062497053"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1126/science.271.5248.470", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1062552075"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1126/science.288.5472.1789", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1062569801"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.2307/2408181", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1069917219"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1074549038", 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1093/oxfordjournals.molbev.a040259", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1082376728"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1082719149", 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1093/oxfordjournals.molbev.a040286", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1082843808"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1083250223", 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1083382723", 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1558-5646.1983.tb05521.x", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1085738216"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1017/cbo9780511623486", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1098709897"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.9783/9780812200515", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1099552863"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }
        ], 
        "datePublished": "2003-03", 
        "datePublishedReg": "2003-03-01", 
        "description": "The discovery of the molecular clock--a relatively constant rate of molecular evolution--provided an insight into the mechanisms of molecular evolution, and created one of the most useful new tools in biology. The unexpected constancy of rate was explained by assuming that most changes to genes are effectively neutral. Theory predicts several sources of variation in the rate of molecular evolution. However, even an approximate clock allows time estimates of events in evolutionary history, which provides a method for testing a wide range of biological hypotheses ranging from the origins of the animal kingdom to the emergence of new viral epidemics.", 
        "genre": "research_article", 
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1038/nrg1020", 
        "inLanguage": [
          "en"
        ], 
        "isAccessibleForFree": false, 
        "isPartOf": [
          {
            "id": "sg:journal.1023607", 
            "issn": [
              "1471-0056", 
              "1471-0064"
            ], 
            "name": "Nature Reviews Genetics", 
            "type": "Periodical"
          }, 
          {
            "issueNumber": "3", 
            "type": "PublicationIssue"
          }, 
          {
            "type": "PublicationVolume", 
            "volumeNumber": "4"
          }
        ], 
        "name": "The modern molecular clock", 
        "pagination": "216-224", 
        "productId": [
          {
            "name": "readcube_id", 
            "type": "PropertyValue", 
            "value": [
              "eb093e871d66c22aadd07e8491cc6f07531a0a5d91cdc9b8a63f754fd335db52"
            ]
          }, 
          {
            "name": "pubmed_id", 
            "type": "PropertyValue", 
            "value": [
              "12610526"
            ]
          }, 
          {
            "name": "nlm_unique_id", 
            "type": "PropertyValue", 
            "value": [
              "100962779"
            ]
          }, 
          {
            "name": "doi", 
            "type": "PropertyValue", 
            "value": [
              "10.1038/nrg1020"
            ]
          }, 
          {
            "name": "dimensions_id", 
            "type": "PropertyValue", 
            "value": [
              "pub.1049337982"
            ]
          }
        ], 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://doi.org/10.1038/nrg1020", 
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1049337982"
        ], 
        "sdDataset": "articles", 
        "sdDatePublished": "2019-04-11T11:54", 
        "sdLicense": "https://scigraph.springernature.com/explorer/license/", 
        "sdPublisher": {
          "name": "Springer Nature - SN SciGraph project", 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "sdSource": "s3://com-uberresearch-data-dimensions-target-20181106-alternative/cleanup/v134/2549eaecd7973599484d7c17b260dba0a4ecb94b/merge/v9/a6c9fde33151104705d4d7ff012ea9563521a3ce/jats-lookup/v90/0000000359_0000000359/records_29200_00000002.jsonl", 
        "type": "ScholarlyArticle", 
        "url": "http://www.nature.com/nrg/journal/v4/n3/full/nrg1020.html"
      }
    ]
     

    Download the RDF metadata as:  json-ld nt turtle xml License info

    HOW TO GET THIS DATA PROGRAMMATICALLY:

    JSON-LD is a popular format for linked data which is fully compatible with JSON.

    curl -H 'Accept: application/ld+json' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1038/nrg1020'

    N-Triples is a line-based linked data format ideal for batch operations.

    curl -H 'Accept: application/n-triples' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1038/nrg1020'

    Turtle is a human-readable linked data format.

    curl -H 'Accept: text/turtle' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1038/nrg1020'

    RDF/XML is a standard XML format for linked data.

    curl -H 'Accept: application/rdf+xml' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1038/nrg1020'


     

    This table displays all metadata directly associated to this object as RDF triples.

    359 TRIPLES      21 PREDICATES      114 URIs      35 LITERALS      23 BLANK NODES

    Subject Predicate Object
    1 sg:pub.10.1038/nrg1020 schema:about N0741f2c29a3d444fa8513786fb0aa461
    2 N0ccd9fbe8d8e487e9f4c4ad06c178179
    3 N1986e0b0aeb34cb6a3efea4c8b1cbb83
    4 N37f4d08ca8e942ffa2a4651183caf9bd
    5 N3b28703907ff476996d6a791ddf7cca5
    6 N4cbf48d4a69340f1a119437504477b90
    7 N73c1ac7d531447b491d309f256800fef
    8 Nafb155c55e014ddfa9abe768b2bdca60
    9 Nb725f2eae4c24a1e962302b2ba78c960
    10 Nbda0bbaa0e7b4d4397e3abbffb0f1a6d
    11 Nd4713ced29664ae3877b8c8df0150201
    12 Nd4c371a864484789b58ef159e9268d0f
    13 Ne66176bee8784835afb29eaca2af9cc0
    14 Nf074bbfc939740c1adfc468593b73585
    15 anzsrc-for:06
    16 anzsrc-for:0604
    17 schema:author Ndcbaff821c344bc7a9db6c1c8c21c559
    18 schema:citation sg:pub.10.1007/bf01659390
    19 sg:pub.10.1007/bf01659391
    20 sg:pub.10.1007/bf01659392
    21 sg:pub.10.1007/bf01659396
    22 sg:pub.10.1007/bf01734359
    23 sg:pub.10.1007/bf02103133
    24 sg:pub.10.1007/bf02111276
    25 sg:pub.10.1007/bf02202109
    26 sg:pub.10.1007/pl00006417
    27 sg:pub.10.1007/s00239-003-0002-7
    28 sg:pub.10.1007/s00239-003-0032-1
    29 sg:pub.10.1007/s002390010258
    30 sg:pub.10.1007/s002399910034
    31 sg:pub.10.1007/s002399910041
    32 sg:pub.10.1007/s003000100245
    33 sg:pub.10.1038/31927
    34 sg:pub.10.1038/35054544
    35 sg:pub.10.1038/4151022a
    36 sg:pub.10.1038/ng852
    37 https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1074549038
    38 https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1082719149
    39 https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1083250223
    40 https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1083382723
    41 https://doi.org/10.1006/mpev.1994.1040
    42 https://doi.org/10.1006/mpev.1996.0012
    43 https://doi.org/10.1016/0169-5347(94)90176-7
    44 https://doi.org/10.1016/s0025-5564(01)00067-0
    45 https://doi.org/10.1016/s0065-308x(03)54008-8
    46 https://doi.org/10.1016/s0169-5347(01)02394-1
    47 https://doi.org/10.1016/s0169-5347(98)01507-9
    48 https://doi.org/10.1016/s0169-5347(99)01743-7
    49 https://doi.org/10.1017/cbo9780511623486
    50 https://doi.org/10.1046/j.1365-294x.1998.00364.x
    51 https://doi.org/10.1046/j.1420-9101.2003.00526.x
    52 https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.190330997
    53 https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.252626899
    54 https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.71.6.2169
    55 https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.80.14.4394
    56 https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.82.6.1741
    57 https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.88.10.4270
    58 https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.90.9.4087
    59 https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.93.7.2873
    60 https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.95.21.12386
    61 https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.96.7.3807
    62 https://doi.org/10.1080/10635150290102375
    63 https://doi.org/10.1080/10635150290102429
    64 https://doi.org/10.1093/bioinformatics/16.4.395
    65 https://doi.org/10.1093/icb/38.6.867
    66 https://doi.org/10.1093/jhered/93.3.157
    67 https://doi.org/10.1093/molbev/msg010
    68 https://doi.org/10.1093/oxfordjournals.molbev.a003811
    69 https://doi.org/10.1093/oxfordjournals.molbev.a003869
    70 https://doi.org/10.1093/oxfordjournals.molbev.a004083
    71 https://doi.org/10.1093/oxfordjournals.molbev.a025731
    72 https://doi.org/10.1093/oxfordjournals.molbev.a025940
    73 https://doi.org/10.1093/oxfordjournals.molbev.a026264
    74 https://doi.org/10.1093/oxfordjournals.molbev.a040259
    75 https://doi.org/10.1093/oxfordjournals.molbev.a040286
    76 https://doi.org/10.1098/rspb.2000.1108
    77 https://doi.org/10.1103/physrevlett.89.208101
    78 https://doi.org/10.1111/j.0014-3820.2001.tb00803.x
    79 https://doi.org/10.1111/j.0014-3820.2002.tb00118.x
    80 https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1558-5646.1983.tb05521.x
    81 https://doi.org/10.1126/science.164.3881.788
    82 https://doi.org/10.1126/science.271.5248.470
    83 https://doi.org/10.1126/science.288.5472.1789
    84 https://doi.org/10.1128/jvi.74.8.3715-3730.2000
    85 https://doi.org/10.1146/annurev.earth.30.091201.140057
    86 https://doi.org/10.1554/0014-3820(2002)056[1921:ttrbma]2.0.co;2
    87 https://doi.org/10.2307/2408181
    88 https://doi.org/10.9783/9780812200515
    89 schema:datePublished 2003-03
    90 schema:datePublishedReg 2003-03-01
    91 schema:description The discovery of the molecular clock--a relatively constant rate of molecular evolution--provided an insight into the mechanisms of molecular evolution, and created one of the most useful new tools in biology. The unexpected constancy of rate was explained by assuming that most changes to genes are effectively neutral. Theory predicts several sources of variation in the rate of molecular evolution. However, even an approximate clock allows time estimates of events in evolutionary history, which provides a method for testing a wide range of biological hypotheses ranging from the origins of the animal kingdom to the emergence of new viral epidemics.
    92 schema:genre research_article
    93 schema:inLanguage en
    94 schema:isAccessibleForFree false
    95 schema:isPartOf N26269821cbc945f5bc3199013cba20c0
    96 N72d9caa2696644db926bba498337a934
    97 sg:journal.1023607
    98 schema:name The modern molecular clock
    99 schema:pagination 216-224
    100 schema:productId N0656fc2eb5254bf584383a7de734b03b
    101 N175f4baab1b34e2e82b5d008d819c41d
    102 N2dbdc24589ba48c08a0a8f05717fbd75
    103 N7f7071d39b974773ac5267b97def1662
    104 Nc95e5bdf47e04c47861fa7a4a60784e4
    105 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1049337982
    106 https://doi.org/10.1038/nrg1020
    107 schema:sdDatePublished 2019-04-11T11:54
    108 schema:sdLicense https://scigraph.springernature.com/explorer/license/
    109 schema:sdPublisher N17b3cf3577464b259e5ca851dd15fb7d
    110 schema:url http://www.nature.com/nrg/journal/v4/n3/full/nrg1020.html
    111 sgo:license sg:explorer/license/
    112 sgo:sdDataset articles
    113 rdf:type schema:ScholarlyArticle
    114 N0656fc2eb5254bf584383a7de734b03b schema:name readcube_id
    115 schema:value eb093e871d66c22aadd07e8491cc6f07531a0a5d91cdc9b8a63f754fd335db52
    116 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
    117 N0741f2c29a3d444fa8513786fb0aa461 schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
    118 schema:name Genetics, Population
    119 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
    120 N0ccd9fbe8d8e487e9f4c4ad06c178179 schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
    121 schema:name Time Factors
    122 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
    123 N175f4baab1b34e2e82b5d008d819c41d schema:name nlm_unique_id
    124 schema:value 100962779
    125 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
    126 N17b3cf3577464b259e5ca851dd15fb7d schema:name Springer Nature - SN SciGraph project
    127 rdf:type schema:Organization
    128 N1986e0b0aeb34cb6a3efea4c8b1cbb83 schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
    129 schema:name Proteins
    130 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
    131 N214168670f92470295339d74a6ea99b5 rdf:first sg:person.01165445777.65
    132 rdf:rest rdf:nil
    133 N26269821cbc945f5bc3199013cba20c0 schema:volumeNumber 4
    134 rdf:type schema:PublicationVolume
    135 N2dbdc24589ba48c08a0a8f05717fbd75 schema:name dimensions_id
    136 schema:value pub.1049337982
    137 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
    138 N37f4d08ca8e942ffa2a4651183caf9bd schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
    139 schema:name Models, Genetic
    140 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
    141 N3b28703907ff476996d6a791ddf7cca5 schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
    142 schema:name Animals
    143 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
    144 N4cbf48d4a69340f1a119437504477b90 schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
    145 schema:name Communicable Diseases, Emerging
    146 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
    147 N72d9caa2696644db926bba498337a934 schema:issueNumber 3
    148 rdf:type schema:PublicationIssue
    149 N73c1ac7d531447b491d309f256800fef schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
    150 schema:name Disease Outbreaks
    151 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
    152 N7f7071d39b974773ac5267b97def1662 schema:name pubmed_id
    153 schema:value 12610526
    154 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
    155 Nafb155c55e014ddfa9abe768b2bdca60 schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
    156 schema:name History, Ancient
    157 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
    158 Nb725f2eae4c24a1e962302b2ba78c960 schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
    159 schema:name DNA
    160 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
    161 Nbda0bbaa0e7b4d4397e3abbffb0f1a6d schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
    162 schema:name Selection, Genetic
    163 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
    164 Nc95e5bdf47e04c47861fa7a4a60784e4 schema:name doi
    165 schema:value 10.1038/nrg1020
    166 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
    167 Nd4713ced29664ae3877b8c8df0150201 schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
    168 schema:name Humans
    169 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
    170 Nd4c371a864484789b58ef159e9268d0f schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
    171 schema:name Evolution, Molecular
    172 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
    173 Ndcbaff821c344bc7a9db6c1c8c21c559 rdf:first sg:person.0650312147.59
    174 rdf:rest N214168670f92470295339d74a6ea99b5
    175 Ne66176bee8784835afb29eaca2af9cc0 schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
    176 schema:name Population Density
    177 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
    178 Nf074bbfc939740c1adfc468593b73585 schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
    179 schema:name Mutation
    180 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
    181 anzsrc-for:06 schema:inDefinedTermSet anzsrc-for:
    182 schema:name Biological Sciences
    183 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
    184 anzsrc-for:0604 schema:inDefinedTermSet anzsrc-for:
    185 schema:name Genetics
    186 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
    187 sg:journal.1023607 schema:issn 1471-0056
    188 1471-0064
    189 schema:name Nature Reviews Genetics
    190 rdf:type schema:Periodical
    191 sg:person.01165445777.65 schema:familyName Penny
    192 schema:givenName David
    193 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01165445777.65
    194 rdf:type schema:Person
    195 sg:person.0650312147.59 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.12082.39
    196 schema:familyName Bromham
    197 schema:givenName Lindell
    198 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.0650312147.59
    199 rdf:type schema:Person
    200 sg:pub.10.1007/bf01659390 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1013701930
    201 https://doi.org/10.1007/bf01659390
    202 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    203 sg:pub.10.1007/bf01659391 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1033524841
    204 https://doi.org/10.1007/bf01659391
    205 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    206 sg:pub.10.1007/bf01659392 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1035638159
    207 https://doi.org/10.1007/bf01659392
    208 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    209 sg:pub.10.1007/bf01659396 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1028341907
    210 https://doi.org/10.1007/bf01659396
    211 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    212 sg:pub.10.1007/bf01734359 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1044065382
    213 https://doi.org/10.1007/bf01734359
    214 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    215 sg:pub.10.1007/bf02103133 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1032624873
    216 https://doi.org/10.1007/bf02103133
    217 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    218 sg:pub.10.1007/bf02111276 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1020308053
    219 https://doi.org/10.1007/bf02111276
    220 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    221 sg:pub.10.1007/bf02202109 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1045260668
    222 https://doi.org/10.1007/bf02202109
    223 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    224 sg:pub.10.1007/pl00006417 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1051113007
    225 https://doi.org/10.1007/pl00006417
    226 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    227 sg:pub.10.1007/s00239-003-0002-7 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1011051031
    228 https://doi.org/10.1007/s00239-003-0002-7
    229 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    230 sg:pub.10.1007/s00239-003-0032-1 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1049310190
    231 https://doi.org/10.1007/s00239-003-0032-1
    232 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    233 sg:pub.10.1007/s002390010258 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1004191731
    234 https://doi.org/10.1007/s002390010258
    235 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    236 sg:pub.10.1007/s002399910034 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1040335292
    237 https://doi.org/10.1007/s002399910034
    238 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    239 sg:pub.10.1007/s002399910041 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1037620045
    240 https://doi.org/10.1007/s002399910041
    241 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    242 sg:pub.10.1007/s003000100245 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1038479932
    243 https://doi.org/10.1007/s003000100245
    244 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    245 sg:pub.10.1038/31927 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1020088834
    246 https://doi.org/10.1038/31927
    247 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    248 sg:pub.10.1038/35054544 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1037421173
    249 https://doi.org/10.1038/35054544
    250 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    251 sg:pub.10.1038/4151022a schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1031456818
    252 https://doi.org/10.1038/4151022a
    253 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    254 sg:pub.10.1038/ng852 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1015362297
    255 https://doi.org/10.1038/ng852
    256 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    257 https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1074549038 schema:CreativeWork
    258 https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1082719149 schema:CreativeWork
    259 https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1083250223 schema:CreativeWork
    260 https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1083382723 schema:CreativeWork
    261 https://doi.org/10.1006/mpev.1994.1040 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1009287019
    262 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    263 https://doi.org/10.1006/mpev.1996.0012 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1010029513
    264 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    265 https://doi.org/10.1016/0169-5347(94)90176-7 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1012988811
    266 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    267 https://doi.org/10.1016/s0025-5564(01)00067-0 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1017844690
    268 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    269 https://doi.org/10.1016/s0065-308x(03)54008-8 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1002512907
    270 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    271 https://doi.org/10.1016/s0169-5347(01)02394-1 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1036949410
    272 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    273 https://doi.org/10.1016/s0169-5347(98)01507-9 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1044344221
    274 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    275 https://doi.org/10.1016/s0169-5347(99)01743-7 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1029460774
    276 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    277 https://doi.org/10.1017/cbo9780511623486 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1098709897
    278 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    279 https://doi.org/10.1046/j.1365-294x.1998.00364.x schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1012041476
    280 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    281 https://doi.org/10.1046/j.1420-9101.2003.00526.x schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1024265084
    282 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    283 https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.190330997 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1013255366
    284 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    285 https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.252626899 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1002077247
    286 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    287 https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.71.6.2169 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1043743470
    288 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    289 https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.80.14.4394 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1001070039
    290 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    291 https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.82.6.1741 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1027315234
    292 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    293 https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.88.10.4270 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1029678198
    294 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    295 https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.90.9.4087 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1043208527
    296 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    297 https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.93.7.2873 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1038852250
    298 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    299 https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.95.21.12386 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1017689538
    300 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    301 https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.96.7.3807 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1042814513
    302 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    303 https://doi.org/10.1080/10635150290102375 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1058369289
    304 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    305 https://doi.org/10.1080/10635150290102429 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1058369294
    306 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    307 https://doi.org/10.1093/bioinformatics/16.4.395 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1042779067
    308 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    309 https://doi.org/10.1093/icb/38.6.867 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1043568452
    310 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    311 https://doi.org/10.1093/jhered/93.3.157 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1042698474
    312 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    313 https://doi.org/10.1093/molbev/msg010 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1042422493
    314 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    315 https://doi.org/10.1093/oxfordjournals.molbev.a003811 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1023974539
    316 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    317 https://doi.org/10.1093/oxfordjournals.molbev.a003869 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1008337727
    318 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    319 https://doi.org/10.1093/oxfordjournals.molbev.a004083 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1001830392
    320 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    321 https://doi.org/10.1093/oxfordjournals.molbev.a025731 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1031295681
    322 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    323 https://doi.org/10.1093/oxfordjournals.molbev.a025940 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1052641160
    324 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    325 https://doi.org/10.1093/oxfordjournals.molbev.a026264 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1033600105
    326 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    327 https://doi.org/10.1093/oxfordjournals.molbev.a040259 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1082376728
    328 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    329 https://doi.org/10.1093/oxfordjournals.molbev.a040286 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1082843808
    330 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    331 https://doi.org/10.1098/rspb.2000.1108 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1048665344
    332 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    333 https://doi.org/10.1103/physrevlett.89.208101 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1016709737
    334 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    335 https://doi.org/10.1111/j.0014-3820.2001.tb00803.x schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1002374715
    336 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    337 https://doi.org/10.1111/j.0014-3820.2002.tb00118.x schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1011406832
    338 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    339 https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1558-5646.1983.tb05521.x schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1085738216
    340 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    341 https://doi.org/10.1126/science.164.3881.788 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1062497053
    342 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    343 https://doi.org/10.1126/science.271.5248.470 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1062552075
    344 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    345 https://doi.org/10.1126/science.288.5472.1789 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1062569801
    346 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    347 https://doi.org/10.1128/jvi.74.8.3715-3730.2000 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1014408791
    348 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    349 https://doi.org/10.1146/annurev.earth.30.091201.140057 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1019037529
    350 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    351 https://doi.org/10.1554/0014-3820(2002)056[1921:ttrbma]2.0.co;2 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1012111237
    352 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    353 https://doi.org/10.2307/2408181 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1069917219
    354 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    355 https://doi.org/10.9783/9780812200515 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1099552863
    356 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    357 https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.12082.39 schema:alternateName University of Sussex
    358 schema:name Centre for the Study of Evolution, School of Biological Sciences, University of Sussex, Falmer, Brighton BN1 9QG, UK. l.d.bromham@sussex.ac.uk
    359 rdf:type schema:Organization
     




    Preview window. Press ESC to close (or click here)


    ...