The evolutionary significance of polyploidy View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle      Open Access: True


Article Info

DATE

2017-05-15

AUTHORS

Yves Van de Peer, Eshchar Mizrachi, Kathleen Marchal

ABSTRACT

Key PointsPolyploidy, or whole-genome duplication (WGD), is usually an evolutionary dead end. Although polyploidy is a frequent and recurrent phenomenon, the number of WGDs that have become established in the long term is low.The occurrence of WGDs in the tree of life is not random and seems to correlate with periods of environmental upheaval.WGDs increase the adaptive potential of cells and organisms exposed to stressful conditions.The biased retention of genes following WGDs offers a unique evolutionary potential to evolve key innovations and to increase biological complexity in the long term.In cancer, WGD is a transient state that promotes aneuploidy, and is responsible for increased genetic variation and subsequent adaptive potential. More... »

PAGES

411-424

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    http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1038/nrg.2017.26

    DOI

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    340 Department of Information Technology, IDLab, imec, Ghent University, B-9052, Ghent, Belgium
    341 Department of Plant Biotechnology and Bioinformatics, Ghent University, Technologiepark 927
    342 rdf:type schema:Organization
     




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