Cell cycle, CDKs and cancer: a changing paradigm View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle     


Article Info

DATE

2009-03

AUTHORS

Marcos Malumbres, Mariano Barbacid

ABSTRACT

Key PointsCell cycle deregulation is a common feature of human cancer. Cancer cells frequently display unscheduled proliferation, genomic instability (increased DNA mutations and chromosomal aberrations) and chromosomal instability (changes in chromosome number).The mammalian cell cycle is controlled by a subfamily of cyclin-dependent kinases (CDKs), the activity of which is modulated by several activators (cyclins) and inhibitors (Ink4, and Cip and Kip inhibitors). The activity of cell cycle CDKs is deregulated in cancer cells owing to genetic or epigenetic changes in either CDKs, their regulators or upstream mitogenic pathways.Recent genetic studies indicate that CDK2, CDK4 and CDK6 are not essential for the mammalian cell cycle. Instead, they are only required for the proliferation of specific cell types. By contrast, CDK1 is essential for cell division in the embryo. Moreover, CDK1 is sufficient among the cell cycle CDKs for driving the cell cycle in all cell types, at least until mid gestation.Constitutive and deregulated CDK activation may contribute not only to unscheduled proliferation but also to genomic and chromosomal instability in cancer cells. The alteration of the DNA damage and mitotic checkpoints frequently results in increased CDK activity that drives tumour cell cycles.Emerging evidence suggests that tumour cells may also have specific requirements for individual CDKs. Therapeutic strategies based on CDK inhibition should take into consideration these specific requirements.For instance, CDK4 is dispensable for mammary gland development, but is required for the development of mammary gland tumours initiated by specific oncogenes such as Erbb2, Hras or Myc depending on cellular context. More... »

PAGES

153-166

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  • Journal

    TITLE

    Nature Reviews Cancer

    ISSUE

    3

    VOLUME

    9

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  • Identifiers

    URI

    http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1038/nrc2602

    DOI

    http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/nrc2602

    DIMENSIONS

    https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1008867916

    PUBMED

    https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19238148


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