Chloroplasts play a central role in plant defence and are targeted by pathogen effectors View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle      Open Access: True


Article Info

DATE

2015-06-01

AUTHORS

Marta de Torres Zabala, George Littlejohn, Siddharth Jayaraman, David Studholme, Trevor Bailey, Tracy Lawson, Michael Tillich, Dirk Licht, Bettina Bölter, Laura Delfino, William Truman, John Mansfield, Nicholas Smirnoff, Murray Grant

ABSTRACT

Microbe associated molecular pattern (MAMP) receptors in plants recognize MAMPs and activate basal defences; however a complete understanding of the molecular and physiological mechanisms conferring immunity remains elusive. Pathogens suppress active defence in plants through the combined action of effector proteins. Here we show that the chloroplast is a key component of early immune responses. MAMP perception triggers the rapid, large-scale suppression of nuclear encoded chloroplast-targeted genes (NECGs). Virulent Pseudomonas syringae effectors reprogramme NECG expression in Arabidopsis, target the chloroplast and inhibit photosynthetic CO2 assimilation through disruption of photosystem II. This activity prevents a chloroplastic reactive oxygen burst. These physiological changes precede bacterial multiplication and coincide with pathogen-induced abscisic acid (ABA) accumulation. MAMP pretreatment protects chloroplasts from effector manipulation, whereas application of ABA or the inhibitor of photosynthetic electron transport, DCMU, abolishes the MAMP-induced chloroplastic reactive oxygen burst, and enhances growth of a P. syringae hrpA mutant that fails to secrete effectors. More... »

PAGES

nplants201574

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1038/nplants.2015.74

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/nplants.2015.74

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1030927208

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/27250009


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