Genome-wide methylation analysis identifies genes silenced in non-seminoma cell lines View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle      Open Access: True


Article Info

DATE

2016-11

AUTHORS

Dzul Azri Mohamed Noor, Jennie N Jeyapalan, Safiah Alhazmi, Matthew Carr, Benjamin Squibb, Claire Wallace, Christopher Tan, Martin Cusack, Jaime Hughes, Tom Reader, Janet Shipley, Denise Sheer, Paul J Scotting

ABSTRACT

Silencing of genes by DNA methylation is a common phenomenon in many types of cancer. However, the genome-wide effect of DNA methylation on gene expression has been analysed in relatively few cancers. Germ cell tumours (GCTs) are a complex group of malignancies. They are unique in developing from a pluripotent progenitor cell. Previous analyses have suggested that non-seminomas exhibit much higher levels of DNA methylation than seminomas. The genomic targets that are methylated, the extent to which this results in gene silencing and the identity of the silenced genes most likely to play a role in the tumours' biology have not yet been established. In this study, genome-wide methylation and expression analysis of GCT cell lines was combined with gene expression data from primary tumours to address this question. Genome methylation was analysed using the Illumina infinium HumanMethylome450 bead chip system and gene expression was analysed using Affymetrix GeneChip Human Genome U133 Plus 2.0 arrays. Regulation by methylation was confirmed by demethylation using 5-aza-2-deoxycytidine and reverse transcription-quantitative PCR. Large differences in the level of methylation of the CpG islands of individual genes between tumour cell lines correlated well with differential gene expression. Treatment of non-seminoma cells with 5-aza-2-deoxycytidine verified that methylation of all genes tested played a role in their silencing in yolk sac tumour cells and many of these genes were also differentially expressed in primary tumours. Genes silenced by methylation in the various GCT cell lines were identified. Several pluripotency-associated genes were identified as a major functional group of silenced genes. More... »

PAGES

15009

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    URI

    http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1038/npjgenmed.2015.9

    DOI

    http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/npjgenmed.2015.9

    DIMENSIONS

    https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1025325873

    PUBMED

    https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/29263807


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