Spatio-temporal assembly of functional mineral scaffolds within microbial biofilms View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle      Open Access: True


Article Info

DATE

2016-11

AUTHORS

Yaara Oppenheimer-Shaanan, Odelia Sibony-Nevo, Zohar Bloom-Ackermann, Ronit Suissa, Nitai Steinberg, Elena Kartvelishvily, Vlad Brumfeld, Ilana Kolodkin-Gal

ABSTRACT

Historically, multicellular bacterial communities, known as biofilms, have been thought to be held together solely by a self-produced extracellular matrix. Our study identified a novel mechanism maintaining Bacillus subtilis and Mycobacterium smegmatis biofilms-active production of calcite minerals. We studied, for the first time, the effects of mutants defective in biomineralization and calcite formation on biofilm development, resilience and morphology. We demonstrated that an intrinsic rise in carbon dioxide levels within the biofilm is a strong trigger for the initiation of calcite-dependent patterning. The calcite-dependent patterns provide resistance to environmental insults and increase the overall fitness of the microbial community. Our results suggest that it is highly feasible that the formation of mineral scaffolds plays a cardinal and conserved role in bacterial multicellularity. More... »

PAGES

15031

References to SciGraph publications

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1038/npjbiofilms.2015.31

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/npjbiofilms.2015.31

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1000287940

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/28721240


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