Not so simple, not so subtle: the interspecies competition between Bacillus simplex and Bacillus subtilis and its impact on the ... View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle      Open Access: True


Article Info

DATE

2016-11

AUTHORS

Gili Rosenberg, Nitai Steinberg, Yaara Oppenheimer-Shaanan, Tsvia Olender, Shany Doron, Julius Ben-Ari, Alexandra Sirota-Madi, Zohar Bloom-Ackermann, Ilana Kolodkin-Gal

ABSTRACT

Bacillus subtilis biofilms have a fundamental role in shaping the soil ecosystem. During this process, they unavoidably interact with neighbour bacterial species. We studied the interspecies interactions between biofilms of the soil-residing bacteria B. subtilis and related Bacillus species. We found that proximity between the biofilms triggered recruitment of motile B. subtilis cells, which engulfed the competing Bacillus simplex colony. Upon interaction, B. subtilis secreted surfactin and cannibalism toxins, at concentrations that were inert to B. subtilis itself, which eliminated the B. simplex colony, as well as colonies of Bacillus toyonensis. Surfactin toxicity was correlated with the presence of short carbon-tail length isomers, and synergistic with the cannibalism toxins. Importantly, during biofilm development and interspecies interactions a subpopulation in B. subtilis biofilm lost its native plasmid, leading to increased virulence against the competing Bacillus species. Overall, these findings indicate that genetic programs and traits that have little effect on biofilm development when each species is grown in isolation have a dramatic impact when different bacterial species interact. More... »

PAGES

npjbiofilms201527

References to SciGraph publications

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1038/npjbiofilms.2015.27

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/npjbiofilms.2015.27

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1000185229

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/28721238


Indexing Status Check whether this publication has been indexed by Scopus and Web Of Science using the SN Indexing Status Tool
Incoming Citations Browse incoming citations for this publication using opencitations.net

JSON-LD is the canonical representation for SciGraph data.

TIP: You can open this SciGraph record using an external JSON-LD service: JSON-LD Playground Google SDTT

[
  {
    "@context": "https://springernature.github.io/scigraph/jsonld/sgcontext.json", 
    "about": [
      {
        "id": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/0605", 
        "inDefinedTermSet": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/", 
        "name": "Microbiology", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/06", 
        "inDefinedTermSet": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/", 
        "name": "Biological Sciences", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }
    ], 
    "author": [
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "Weizmann Institute of Science", 
          "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.13992.30", 
          "name": [
            "Department of Molecular Genetics, Weizmann Institute of Science, Rehovot, Israel"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Rosenberg", 
        "givenName": "Gili", 
        "id": "sg:person.016356264425.24", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.016356264425.24"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "Weizmann Institute of Science", 
          "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.13992.30", 
          "name": [
            "Department of Molecular Genetics, Weizmann Institute of Science, Rehovot, Israel"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Steinberg", 
        "givenName": "Nitai", 
        "id": "sg:person.01334440205.35", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01334440205.35"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "Weizmann Institute of Science", 
          "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.13992.30", 
          "name": [
            "Department of Molecular Genetics, Weizmann Institute of Science, Rehovot, Israel"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Oppenheimer-Shaanan", 
        "givenName": "Yaara", 
        "id": "sg:person.0671101321.76", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.0671101321.76"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "Weizmann Institute of Science", 
          "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.13992.30", 
          "name": [
            "Department of Molecular Genetics, Weizmann Institute of Science, Rehovot, Israel"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Olender", 
        "givenName": "Tsvia", 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "Weizmann Institute of Science", 
          "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.13992.30", 
          "name": [
            "Department of Molecular Genetics, Weizmann Institute of Science, Rehovot, Israel"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Doron", 
        "givenName": "Shany", 
        "id": "sg:person.01100211620.18", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01100211620.18"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "Hebrew University of Jerusalem", 
          "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.9619.7", 
          "name": [
            "The Laboratory for the Mass Spectrometry and Chromatography, The Interdepartmental Analytical Unit, The Robert H. Smith Faculty of Agriculture, Food and Environment, the Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Rehovot, Israel"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Ben-Ari", 
        "givenName": "Julius", 
        "id": "sg:person.0577556333.89", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.0577556333.89"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "Harvard University", 
          "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.38142.3c", 
          "name": [
            "Department of Biostatistics, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, MA, USA"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Sirota-Madi", 
        "givenName": "Alexandra", 
        "id": "sg:person.01217510115.36", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01217510115.36"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "Weizmann Institute of Science", 
          "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.13992.30", 
          "name": [
            "Department of Molecular Genetics, Weizmann Institute of Science, Rehovot, Israel"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Bloom-Ackermann", 
        "givenName": "Zohar", 
        "id": "sg:person.01010456150.27", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01010456150.27"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "Weizmann Institute of Science", 
          "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.13992.30", 
          "name": [
            "Department of Molecular Genetics, Weizmann Institute of Science, Rehovot, Israel"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Kolodkin-Gal", 
        "givenName": "Ilana", 
        "id": "sg:person.01165050545.07", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01165050545.07"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }
    ], 
    "citation": [
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2958.2007.05810.x", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1000020662"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1038/441300a", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1000287770", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1038/441300a"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1038/441300a", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1000287770", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1038/441300a"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1038/441300a", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1000287770", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1038/441300a"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1128/jb.01542-10", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1001716715"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cell.2005.11.041", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1002458217"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1074/jbc.m009140200", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1002669285"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1126/science.1094875", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1003688345"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/0092-8674(94)90313-1", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1003860114"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.191384198", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1006833663"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tim.2008.03.004", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1009254585"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/s0014-5793(00)02182-7", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1009912608"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.1306390110", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1010382074"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1462-2920.2006.01193.x", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1010529798"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/s0005-2736(99)00039-5", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1011276763"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1126/science.1147248", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1011440811"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s00374-004-0784-9", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1013178988", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1007/s00374-004-0784-9"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2958.2009.06882.x", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1014073391"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1128/jb.00798-10", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1014958367"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2958.2012.08038.x", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1015869150"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.1008368107", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1016111691"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.0810940106", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1016690535"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1146/annurev-genet-102108-134304", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1016928037"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1038/nrmicro2960", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1018048206", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1038/nrmicro2960"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1128/jb.01450-06", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1018799235"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s10886-013-0319-7", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1018983297", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1007/s10886-013-0319-7"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1574-6976.2012.00325.x", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1019303740"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1128/jb.00028-13", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1020278618"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/j.bbamem.2013.06.032", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1020499546"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2958.2005.05019.x", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1021143439"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2958.2005.05019.x", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1021143439"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.1203689109", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1021353992"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2958.2010.07335.x", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1022172828"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2958.2010.07335.x", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1022172828"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1099/mic.0.048736-0", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1022655616"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.1103630108", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1023082345"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1101/gad.7.1.139", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1025171952"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1126/science.1086462", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1025694592"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.1216376110", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1026950334"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1128/jb.02030-12", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1027075917"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/s0162-0134(02)00464-6", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1027452862"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.1212429109", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1028515100"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/b978-0-12-404634-4.00005-x", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1030377976"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/j.coph.2014.09.005", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1032391218"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1126/science.1107851", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1032827529"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.1205586109", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1033637904"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1128/jb.02382-14", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1034687896"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s00253-015-6604-3", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1035413991", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1007/s00253-015-6604-3"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1146/annurev.micro.030608.101423", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1036744525"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1111/mmi.12939", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1037200218"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tim.2008.07.003", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1037849314"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/j.plasmid.2013.09.005", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1038411744"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/s0923-2508(00)00166-2", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1040801987"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1002/(sici)1097-0061(19960315)12:3<259::aid-yea901>3.0.co;2-c", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1041898659"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1128/mbio.00314-13", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1042437199"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2958.2005.05020.x", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1045380523"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2958.2005.05020.x", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1045380523"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2958.2007.06040.x", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1045551758"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2958.2007.06040.x", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1045551758"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1038/nature12804", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1045645106", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1038/nature12804"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.1200791109", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1046037736"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2958.2004.04440.x", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1046419945"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1101/gad.1645008", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1047047833"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2958.2004.03996.x", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1052282475"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1099/00221287-61-3-361", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1060374090"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1128/jb.171.6.3085-3094.1989", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1062717950"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1128/jb.175.10.3182-3187.1993", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1062721631"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.7164/antibiotics.35.306", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1073631611"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1077898898", 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1078045738", 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1078651466", 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1093/oxfordjournals.jbchem.a135315", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1080043341"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1080719203", 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }
    ], 
    "datePublished": "2016-11", 
    "datePublishedReg": "2016-11-01", 
    "description": "Bacillus subtilis biofilms have a fundamental role in shaping the soil ecosystem. During this process, they unavoidably interact with neighbour bacterial species. We studied the interspecies interactions between biofilms of the soil-residing bacteria B. subtilis and related Bacillus species. We found that proximity between the biofilms triggered recruitment of motile B. subtilis cells, which engulfed the competing Bacillus simplex colony. Upon interaction, B. subtilis secreted surfactin and cannibalism toxins, at concentrations that were inert to B. subtilis itself, which eliminated the B. simplex colony, as well as colonies of Bacillus toyonensis. Surfactin toxicity was correlated with the presence of short carbon-tail length isomers, and synergistic with the cannibalism toxins. Importantly, during biofilm development and interspecies interactions a subpopulation in B. subtilis biofilm lost its native plasmid, leading to increased virulence against the competing Bacillus species. Overall, these findings indicate that genetic programs and traits that have little effect on biofilm development when each species is grown in isolation have a dramatic impact when different bacterial species interact.", 
    "genre": "research_article", 
    "id": "sg:pub.10.1038/npjbiofilms.2015.27", 
    "inLanguage": [
      "en"
    ], 
    "isAccessibleForFree": true, 
    "isPartOf": [
      {
        "id": "sg:journal.1052387", 
        "issn": [
          "2055-5008"
        ], 
        "name": "npj Biofilms and Microbiomes", 
        "type": "Periodical"
      }, 
      {
        "issueNumber": "1", 
        "type": "PublicationIssue"
      }, 
      {
        "type": "PublicationVolume", 
        "volumeNumber": "2"
      }
    ], 
    "name": "Not so simple, not so subtle: the interspecies competition between Bacillus simplex and Bacillus subtilis and its impact on the evolution of biofilms", 
    "pagination": "npjbiofilms201527", 
    "productId": [
      {
        "name": "readcube_id", 
        "type": "PropertyValue", 
        "value": [
          "00e1540872fc9e6aa82e68dd3df8e88a70843ccb29e0be5f5638d17d0c2218da"
        ]
      }, 
      {
        "name": "pubmed_id", 
        "type": "PropertyValue", 
        "value": [
          "28721238"
        ]
      }, 
      {
        "name": "nlm_unique_id", 
        "type": "PropertyValue", 
        "value": [
          "101666944"
        ]
      }, 
      {
        "name": "doi", 
        "type": "PropertyValue", 
        "value": [
          "10.1038/npjbiofilms.2015.27"
        ]
      }, 
      {
        "name": "dimensions_id", 
        "type": "PropertyValue", 
        "value": [
          "pub.1000185229"
        ]
      }
    ], 
    "sameAs": [
      "https://doi.org/10.1038/npjbiofilms.2015.27", 
      "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1000185229"
    ], 
    "sdDataset": "articles", 
    "sdDatePublished": "2019-04-11T00:03", 
    "sdLicense": "https://scigraph.springernature.com/explorer/license/", 
    "sdPublisher": {
      "name": "Springer Nature - SN SciGraph project", 
      "type": "Organization"
    }, 
    "sdSource": "s3://com-uberresearch-data-dimensions-target-20181106-alternative/cleanup/v134/2549eaecd7973599484d7c17b260dba0a4ecb94b/merge/v9/a6c9fde33151104705d4d7ff012ea9563521a3ce/jats-lookup/v90/0000000001_0000000264/records_8695_00000421.jsonl", 
    "type": "ScholarlyArticle", 
    "url": "http://www.nature.com/articles/npjbiofilms201527"
  }
]
 

Download the RDF metadata as:  json-ld nt turtle xml License info

HOW TO GET THIS DATA PROGRAMMATICALLY:

JSON-LD is a popular format for linked data which is fully compatible with JSON.

curl -H 'Accept: application/ld+json' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1038/npjbiofilms.2015.27'

N-Triples is a line-based linked data format ideal for batch operations.

curl -H 'Accept: application/n-triples' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1038/npjbiofilms.2015.27'

Turtle is a human-readable linked data format.

curl -H 'Accept: text/turtle' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1038/npjbiofilms.2015.27'

RDF/XML is a standard XML format for linked data.

curl -H 'Accept: application/rdf+xml' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1038/npjbiofilms.2015.27'


 

This table displays all metadata directly associated to this object as RDF triples.

332 TRIPLES      21 PREDICATES      96 URIs      21 LITERALS      9 BLANK NODES

Subject Predicate Object
1 sg:pub.10.1038/npjbiofilms.2015.27 schema:about anzsrc-for:06
2 anzsrc-for:0605
3 schema:author Nd56352d3cdc848b8b324453c05720b27
4 schema:citation sg:pub.10.1007/s00253-015-6604-3
5 sg:pub.10.1007/s00374-004-0784-9
6 sg:pub.10.1007/s10886-013-0319-7
7 sg:pub.10.1038/441300a
8 sg:pub.10.1038/nature12804
9 sg:pub.10.1038/nrmicro2960
10 https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1077898898
11 https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1078045738
12 https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1078651466
13 https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1080719203
14 https://doi.org/10.1002/(sici)1097-0061(19960315)12:3<259::aid-yea901>3.0.co;2-c
15 https://doi.org/10.1016/0092-8674(94)90313-1
16 https://doi.org/10.1016/b978-0-12-404634-4.00005-x
17 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.bbamem.2013.06.032
18 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cell.2005.11.041
19 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.coph.2014.09.005
20 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.plasmid.2013.09.005
21 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tim.2008.03.004
22 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tim.2008.07.003
23 https://doi.org/10.1016/s0005-2736(99)00039-5
24 https://doi.org/10.1016/s0014-5793(00)02182-7
25 https://doi.org/10.1016/s0162-0134(02)00464-6
26 https://doi.org/10.1016/s0923-2508(00)00166-2
27 https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.0810940106
28 https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.1008368107
29 https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.1103630108
30 https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.1200791109
31 https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.1203689109
32 https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.1205586109
33 https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.1212429109
34 https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.1216376110
35 https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.1306390110
36 https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.191384198
37 https://doi.org/10.1074/jbc.m009140200
38 https://doi.org/10.1093/oxfordjournals.jbchem.a135315
39 https://doi.org/10.1099/00221287-61-3-361
40 https://doi.org/10.1099/mic.0.048736-0
41 https://doi.org/10.1101/gad.1645008
42 https://doi.org/10.1101/gad.7.1.139
43 https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2958.2004.03996.x
44 https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2958.2004.04440.x
45 https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2958.2005.05019.x
46 https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2958.2005.05020.x
47 https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2958.2007.05810.x
48 https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2958.2007.06040.x
49 https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2958.2009.06882.x
50 https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2958.2010.07335.x
51 https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2958.2012.08038.x
52 https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1462-2920.2006.01193.x
53 https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1574-6976.2012.00325.x
54 https://doi.org/10.1111/mmi.12939
55 https://doi.org/10.1126/science.1086462
56 https://doi.org/10.1126/science.1094875
57 https://doi.org/10.1126/science.1107851
58 https://doi.org/10.1126/science.1147248
59 https://doi.org/10.1128/jb.00028-13
60 https://doi.org/10.1128/jb.00798-10
61 https://doi.org/10.1128/jb.01450-06
62 https://doi.org/10.1128/jb.01542-10
63 https://doi.org/10.1128/jb.02030-12
64 https://doi.org/10.1128/jb.02382-14
65 https://doi.org/10.1128/jb.171.6.3085-3094.1989
66 https://doi.org/10.1128/jb.175.10.3182-3187.1993
67 https://doi.org/10.1128/mbio.00314-13
68 https://doi.org/10.1146/annurev-genet-102108-134304
69 https://doi.org/10.1146/annurev.micro.030608.101423
70 https://doi.org/10.7164/antibiotics.35.306
71 schema:datePublished 2016-11
72 schema:datePublishedReg 2016-11-01
73 schema:description <i>Bacillus subtilis</i> biofilms have a fundamental role in shaping the soil ecosystem. During this process, they unavoidably interact with neighbour bacterial species. We studied the interspecies interactions between biofilms of the soil-residing bacteria <i>B. subtilis</i> and related <i>Bacillus</i> species. We found that proximity between the biofilms triggered recruitment of motile <i>B. subtilis</i> cells, which engulfed the competing <i>Bacillus simplex</i> colony. Upon interaction, <i>B. subtilis</i> secreted surfactin and cannibalism toxins, at concentrations that were inert to <i>B. subtilis</i> itself, which eliminated the <i>B. simplex</i> colony, as well as colonies of <i>Bacillus toyonensis</i>. Surfactin toxicity was correlated with the presence of short carbon-tail length isomers, and synergistic with the cannibalism toxins. Importantly, during biofilm development and interspecies interactions a subpopulation in <i>B. subtilis</i> biofilm lost its native plasmid, leading to increased virulence against the competing <i>Bacillus</i> species. Overall, these findings indicate that genetic programs and traits that have little effect on biofilm development when each species is grown in isolation have a dramatic impact when different bacterial species interact.
74 schema:genre research_article
75 schema:inLanguage en
76 schema:isAccessibleForFree true
77 schema:isPartOf N3b0207e28eda4d50ad2433bee4a1f79a
78 Nc58333f2e48d4a64953773b825c3c68b
79 sg:journal.1052387
80 schema:name Not so simple, not so subtle: the interspecies competition between Bacillus simplex and Bacillus subtilis and its impact on the evolution of biofilms
81 schema:pagination npjbiofilms201527
82 schema:productId N216f17fe3f8b49388049258669696bd0
83 N7f4730e5fd894f2bbbfdcda33084bfdb
84 Na059cf1e0d9541898de5d0129f939e37
85 Nb9388089f5ab49879d4b904cb616d152
86 Nbaed9bc20fa64beb8b18322cf8bd78ad
87 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1000185229
88 https://doi.org/10.1038/npjbiofilms.2015.27
89 schema:sdDatePublished 2019-04-11T00:03
90 schema:sdLicense https://scigraph.springernature.com/explorer/license/
91 schema:sdPublisher N6df2e4ee0e3c4d3cb08bcd24d4e344ff
92 schema:url http://www.nature.com/articles/npjbiofilms201527
93 sgo:license sg:explorer/license/
94 sgo:sdDataset articles
95 rdf:type schema:ScholarlyArticle
96 N0815d23bcc2f41b6a7c2173555ab9f4d rdf:first sg:person.01334440205.35
97 rdf:rest N561d8e01760e4eca82c5e020821a3647
98 N216f17fe3f8b49388049258669696bd0 schema:name nlm_unique_id
99 schema:value 101666944
100 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
101 N2ddd3d91080643adb66de4b630007b55 rdf:first sg:person.01217510115.36
102 rdf:rest Ncfc6e4a6f9ef4637bb6ce8e9048936aa
103 N3b0207e28eda4d50ad2433bee4a1f79a schema:volumeNumber 2
104 rdf:type schema:PublicationVolume
105 N561d8e01760e4eca82c5e020821a3647 rdf:first sg:person.0671101321.76
106 rdf:rest Neec3f0da9be0482fa80970322d495687
107 N67a6c26585544dc0a57d70e0e5f79c68 rdf:first sg:person.01100211620.18
108 rdf:rest Nd3e8db45e1ca424c8af1cacea95fac48
109 N6df2e4ee0e3c4d3cb08bcd24d4e344ff schema:name Springer Nature - SN SciGraph project
110 rdf:type schema:Organization
111 N7f4730e5fd894f2bbbfdcda33084bfdb schema:name readcube_id
112 schema:value 00e1540872fc9e6aa82e68dd3df8e88a70843ccb29e0be5f5638d17d0c2218da
113 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
114 Na059cf1e0d9541898de5d0129f939e37 schema:name doi
115 schema:value 10.1038/npjbiofilms.2015.27
116 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
117 Na8e04003570746d0b9bdaac60651864a rdf:first sg:person.01165050545.07
118 rdf:rest rdf:nil
119 Nac0da1459a6c428a84ead56e88ba2582 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.13992.30
120 schema:familyName Olender
121 schema:givenName Tsvia
122 rdf:type schema:Person
123 Nb9388089f5ab49879d4b904cb616d152 schema:name dimensions_id
124 schema:value pub.1000185229
125 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
126 Nbaed9bc20fa64beb8b18322cf8bd78ad schema:name pubmed_id
127 schema:value 28721238
128 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
129 Nc58333f2e48d4a64953773b825c3c68b schema:issueNumber 1
130 rdf:type schema:PublicationIssue
131 Ncfc6e4a6f9ef4637bb6ce8e9048936aa rdf:first sg:person.01010456150.27
132 rdf:rest Na8e04003570746d0b9bdaac60651864a
133 Nd3e8db45e1ca424c8af1cacea95fac48 rdf:first sg:person.0577556333.89
134 rdf:rest N2ddd3d91080643adb66de4b630007b55
135 Nd56352d3cdc848b8b324453c05720b27 rdf:first sg:person.016356264425.24
136 rdf:rest N0815d23bcc2f41b6a7c2173555ab9f4d
137 Neec3f0da9be0482fa80970322d495687 rdf:first Nac0da1459a6c428a84ead56e88ba2582
138 rdf:rest N67a6c26585544dc0a57d70e0e5f79c68
139 anzsrc-for:06 schema:inDefinedTermSet anzsrc-for:
140 schema:name Biological Sciences
141 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
142 anzsrc-for:0605 schema:inDefinedTermSet anzsrc-for:
143 schema:name Microbiology
144 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
145 sg:journal.1052387 schema:issn 2055-5008
146 schema:name npj Biofilms and Microbiomes
147 rdf:type schema:Periodical
148 sg:person.01010456150.27 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.13992.30
149 schema:familyName Bloom-Ackermann
150 schema:givenName Zohar
151 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01010456150.27
152 rdf:type schema:Person
153 sg:person.01100211620.18 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.13992.30
154 schema:familyName Doron
155 schema:givenName Shany
156 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01100211620.18
157 rdf:type schema:Person
158 sg:person.01165050545.07 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.13992.30
159 schema:familyName Kolodkin-Gal
160 schema:givenName Ilana
161 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01165050545.07
162 rdf:type schema:Person
163 sg:person.01217510115.36 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.38142.3c
164 schema:familyName Sirota-Madi
165 schema:givenName Alexandra
166 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01217510115.36
167 rdf:type schema:Person
168 sg:person.01334440205.35 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.13992.30
169 schema:familyName Steinberg
170 schema:givenName Nitai
171 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01334440205.35
172 rdf:type schema:Person
173 sg:person.016356264425.24 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.13992.30
174 schema:familyName Rosenberg
175 schema:givenName Gili
176 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.016356264425.24
177 rdf:type schema:Person
178 sg:person.0577556333.89 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.9619.7
179 schema:familyName Ben-Ari
180 schema:givenName Julius
181 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.0577556333.89
182 rdf:type schema:Person
183 sg:person.0671101321.76 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.13992.30
184 schema:familyName Oppenheimer-Shaanan
185 schema:givenName Yaara
186 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.0671101321.76
187 rdf:type schema:Person
188 sg:pub.10.1007/s00253-015-6604-3 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1035413991
189 https://doi.org/10.1007/s00253-015-6604-3
190 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
191 sg:pub.10.1007/s00374-004-0784-9 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1013178988
192 https://doi.org/10.1007/s00374-004-0784-9
193 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
194 sg:pub.10.1007/s10886-013-0319-7 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1018983297
195 https://doi.org/10.1007/s10886-013-0319-7
196 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
197 sg:pub.10.1038/441300a schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1000287770
198 https://doi.org/10.1038/441300a
199 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
200 sg:pub.10.1038/nature12804 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1045645106
201 https://doi.org/10.1038/nature12804
202 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
203 sg:pub.10.1038/nrmicro2960 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1018048206
204 https://doi.org/10.1038/nrmicro2960
205 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
206 https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1077898898 schema:CreativeWork
207 https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1078045738 schema:CreativeWork
208 https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1078651466 schema:CreativeWork
209 https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1080719203 schema:CreativeWork
210 https://doi.org/10.1002/(sici)1097-0061(19960315)12:3<259::aid-yea901>3.0.co;2-c schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1041898659
211 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
212 https://doi.org/10.1016/0092-8674(94)90313-1 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1003860114
213 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
214 https://doi.org/10.1016/b978-0-12-404634-4.00005-x schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1030377976
215 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
216 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.bbamem.2013.06.032 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1020499546
217 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
218 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cell.2005.11.041 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1002458217
219 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
220 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.coph.2014.09.005 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1032391218
221 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
222 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.plasmid.2013.09.005 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1038411744
223 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
224 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tim.2008.03.004 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1009254585
225 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
226 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tim.2008.07.003 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1037849314
227 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
228 https://doi.org/10.1016/s0005-2736(99)00039-5 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1011276763
229 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
230 https://doi.org/10.1016/s0014-5793(00)02182-7 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1009912608
231 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
232 https://doi.org/10.1016/s0162-0134(02)00464-6 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1027452862
233 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
234 https://doi.org/10.1016/s0923-2508(00)00166-2 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1040801987
235 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
236 https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.0810940106 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1016690535
237 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
238 https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.1008368107 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1016111691
239 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
240 https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.1103630108 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1023082345
241 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
242 https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.1200791109 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1046037736
243 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
244 https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.1203689109 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1021353992
245 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
246 https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.1205586109 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1033637904
247 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
248 https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.1212429109 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1028515100
249 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
250 https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.1216376110 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1026950334
251 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
252 https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.1306390110 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1010382074
253 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
254 https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.191384198 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1006833663
255 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
256 https://doi.org/10.1074/jbc.m009140200 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1002669285
257 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
258 https://doi.org/10.1093/oxfordjournals.jbchem.a135315 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1080043341
259 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
260 https://doi.org/10.1099/00221287-61-3-361 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1060374090
261 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
262 https://doi.org/10.1099/mic.0.048736-0 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1022655616
263 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
264 https://doi.org/10.1101/gad.1645008 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1047047833
265 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
266 https://doi.org/10.1101/gad.7.1.139 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1025171952
267 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
268 https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2958.2004.03996.x schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1052282475
269 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
270 https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2958.2004.04440.x schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1046419945
271 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
272 https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2958.2005.05019.x schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1021143439
273 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
274 https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2958.2005.05020.x schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1045380523
275 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
276 https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2958.2007.05810.x schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1000020662
277 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
278 https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2958.2007.06040.x schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1045551758
279 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
280 https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2958.2009.06882.x schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1014073391
281 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
282 https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2958.2010.07335.x schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1022172828
283 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
284 https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2958.2012.08038.x schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1015869150
285 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
286 https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1462-2920.2006.01193.x schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1010529798
287 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
288 https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1574-6976.2012.00325.x schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1019303740
289 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
290 https://doi.org/10.1111/mmi.12939 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1037200218
291 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
292 https://doi.org/10.1126/science.1086462 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1025694592
293 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
294 https://doi.org/10.1126/science.1094875 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1003688345
295 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
296 https://doi.org/10.1126/science.1107851 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1032827529
297 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
298 https://doi.org/10.1126/science.1147248 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1011440811
299 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
300 https://doi.org/10.1128/jb.00028-13 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1020278618
301 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
302 https://doi.org/10.1128/jb.00798-10 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1014958367
303 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
304 https://doi.org/10.1128/jb.01450-06 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1018799235
305 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
306 https://doi.org/10.1128/jb.01542-10 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1001716715
307 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
308 https://doi.org/10.1128/jb.02030-12 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1027075917
309 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
310 https://doi.org/10.1128/jb.02382-14 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1034687896
311 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
312 https://doi.org/10.1128/jb.171.6.3085-3094.1989 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1062717950
313 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
314 https://doi.org/10.1128/jb.175.10.3182-3187.1993 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1062721631
315 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
316 https://doi.org/10.1128/mbio.00314-13 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1042437199
317 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
318 https://doi.org/10.1146/annurev-genet-102108-134304 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1016928037
319 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
320 https://doi.org/10.1146/annurev.micro.030608.101423 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1036744525
321 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
322 https://doi.org/10.7164/antibiotics.35.306 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1073631611
323 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
324 https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.13992.30 schema:alternateName Weizmann Institute of Science
325 schema:name Department of Molecular Genetics, Weizmann Institute of Science, Rehovot, Israel
326 rdf:type schema:Organization
327 https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.38142.3c schema:alternateName Harvard University
328 schema:name Department of Biostatistics, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, MA, USA
329 rdf:type schema:Organization
330 https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.9619.7 schema:alternateName Hebrew University of Jerusalem
331 schema:name The Laboratory for the Mass Spectrometry and Chromatography, The Interdepartmental Analytical Unit, The Robert H. Smith Faculty of Agriculture, Food and Environment, the Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Rehovot, Israel
332 rdf:type schema:Organization
 




Preview window. Press ESC to close (or click here)


...