GeV electron beams from a centimetre-scale accelerator View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle      Open Access: True


Article Info

DATE

2006-10

AUTHORS

W. P. Leemans, B. Nagler, A. J. Gonsalves, Cs. Tóth, K. Nakamura, C. G. R. Geddes, E. Esarey, C. B. Schroeder, S. M. Hooker

ABSTRACT

Gigaelectron volt (GeV) electron accelerators are essential to synchrotron radiation facilities and free-electron lasers, and as modules for high-energy particle physics. Radiofrequency-based accelerators are limited to relatively low accelerating fields (10–50 MV m−1), requiring tens to hundreds of metres to reach the multi-GeV beam energies needed to drive radiation sources, and many kilometres to generate particle energies of interest to high-energy physics. Laser-wakefield accelerators1,2 produce electric fields of the order 10–100 GV m−1 enabling compact devices. Previously, the required laser intensity was not maintained over the distance needed to reach GeV energies, and hence acceleration was limited to the 100 MeV scale3,4,5. Contrary to predictions that petawatt-class lasers would be needed to reach GeV energies6,7, here we demonstrate production of a high-quality electron beam with 1 GeV energy by channelling a 40 TW peak-power laser pulse in a 3.3-cm-long gas-filled capillary discharge waveguide8,9. More... »

PAGES

696-699

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1038/nphys418

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/nphys418

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1045050360


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34 schema:description Gigaelectron volt (GeV) electron accelerators are essential to synchrotron radiation facilities and free-electron lasers, and as modules for high-energy particle physics. Radiofrequency-based accelerators are limited to relatively low accelerating fields (10–50 MV m−1), requiring tens to hundreds of metres to reach the multi-GeV beam energies needed to drive radiation sources, and many kilometres to generate particle energies of interest to high-energy physics. Laser-wakefield accelerators1,2 produce electric fields of the order 10–100 GV m−1 enabling compact devices. Previously, the required laser intensity was not maintained over the distance needed to reach GeV energies, and hence acceleration was limited to the 100 MeV scale3,4,5. Contrary to predictions that petawatt-class lasers would be needed to reach GeV energies6,7, here we demonstrate production of a high-quality electron beam with 1 GeV energy by channelling a 40 TW peak-power laser pulse in a 3.3-cm-long gas-filled capillary discharge waveguide8,9.
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