Efficient generation of energetic ions in multi-ion plasmas by radio-frequency heating View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle      Open Access: True


Article Info

DATE

2017-06-19

AUTHORS

Ye. O. Kazakov, J. Ongena, J. C. Wright, S. J. Wukitch, E. Lerche, M. J. Mantsinen, D. Van Eester, T. Craciunescu, V. G. Kiptily, Y. Lin, M. Nocente, F. Nabais, M. F. F. Nave, Y. Baranov, J. Bielecki, R. Bilato, V. Bobkov, K. Crombé, A. Czarnecka, J. M. Faustin, R. Felton, M. Fitzgerald, D. Gallart, L. Giacomelli, T. Golfinopoulos, A. E. Hubbard, Ph. Jacquet, T. Johnson, M. Lennholm, T. Loarer, M. Porkolab, S. E. Sharapov, D. Valcarcel, M. Van Schoor, H. Weisen, ,

ABSTRACT

We describe a new technique for the efficient generation of high-energy ions with electromagnetic ion cyclotron waves in multi-ion plasmas. The discussed ‘three-ion’ scenarios are especially suited for strong wave absorption by a very low number of resonant ions. To observe this effect, the plasma composition has to be properly adjusted, as prescribed by theory. We demonstrate the potential of the method on the world-largest plasma magnetic confinement device, JET (Joint European Torus, Culham, UK), and the high-magnetic-field tokamak Alcator C-Mod (Cambridge, USA). The obtained results demonstrate efficient acceleration of 3He ions to high energies in dedicated hydrogen–deuterium mixtures. Simultaneously, effective plasma heating is observed, as a result of the slowing-down of the fast 3He ions. The developed technique is not only limited to laboratory plasmas, but can also be applied to explain observations of energetic ions in space-plasma environments, in particular, 3He-rich solar flares. More... »

PAGES

973-978

References to SciGraph publications

  • 1999-10. Particle acceleration at the Sun and in the heliosphere in SPACE SCIENCE REVIEWS
  • 2016-05-03. Magnetic-confinement fusion in NATURE PHYSICS
  • 1984-05. 3He-rich solar flares in SPACE SCIENCE REVIEWS
  • 1984-09. 3He-rich solar flares in PRAMANA
  • 2012-01-10. Control of magnetohydrodynamic stability by phase space engineering of energetic ions in tokamak plasmas in NATURE COMMUNICATIONS
  • Identifiers

    URI

    http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1038/nphys4167

    DOI

    http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/nphys4167

    DIMENSIONS

    https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1086072917


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