Coincidence of a high-fluence blazar outburst with a PeV-energy neutrino event View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle      Open Access: True


Article Info

DATE

2016-04-18

AUTHORS

M. Kadler, F. Krauß, K. Mannheim, R. Ojha, C. Müller, R. Schulz, G. Anton, W. Baumgartner, T. Beuchert, S. Buson, B. Carpenter, T. Eberl, P. G. Edwards, D. Eisenacher Glawion, D. Elsässer, N. Gehrels, C. Gräfe, S. Gulyaev, H. Hase, S. Horiuchi, C. W. James, A. Kappes, A. Kappes, U. Katz, A. Kreikenbohm, M. Kreter, I. Kreykenbohm, M. Langejahn, K. Leiter, E. Litzinger, F. Longo, J. E. J. Lovell, J. McEnery, T. Natusch, C. Phillips, C. Plötz, J. Quick, E. Ros, F. W. Stecker, T. Steinbring, J. Stevens, D. J. Thompson, J. Trüstedt, A. K. Tzioumis, S. Weston, J. Wilms, J. A. Zensus

ABSTRACT

The astrophysical sources of the extraterrestrial, very high-energy neutrinos detected by the IceCube collaboration remain to be identified. Gamma-ray (γ-ray) blazars have been predicted to yield a cumulative neutrino signal exceeding the atmospheric background above energies of 100 TeV, assuming that both the neutrinos and the γ-ray photons are produced by accelerated protons in relativistic jets. As the background spectrum falls steeply with increasing energy, the individual events with the clearest signature of being of extraterrestrial origin are those at petaelectronvolt energies. Inside the large positional-uncertainty fields of the first two petaelectronvolt neutrinos detected by IceCube, the integrated emission of the blazar population has a sufficiently high electromagnetic flux to explain the detected IceCube events, but fluences of individual objects are too low to make an unambiguous source association. Here, we report that a major outburst of the blazar PKS B1424–418 occurred in temporal and positional coincidence with a third petaelectronvolt-energy neutrino event (HESE-35) detected by IceCube. On the basis of an analysis of the full sample of γ-ray blazars in the HESE-35 field, we show that the long-term average γ-ray emission of blazars as a class is in agreement with both the measured all-sky flux of petaelectronvolt neutrinos and the spectral slope of the IceCube signal. The outburst of PKS B1424–418 provides an energy output high enough to explain the observed petaelectronvolt event, suggestive of a direct physical association. More... »

PAGES

807-814

Journal

TITLE

Nature Physics

ISSUE

8

VOLUME

12

Author Affiliations

  • Institut für Theoretische Physik und Astrophysik, Universität Würzburg, Emil-Fischer-Str. 31, 97074 Würzburg, Germany
  • Dr. Remeis Sternwarte & ECAP, Universität Erlangen-Nürnberg, Sternwartstrasse 7, 96049 Bamberg, Germany
  • Catholic University of America, Washington DC 20064, USA
  • Department of Astrophysics/IMAPP, Radboud University Nijmegen, PO Box 9010, 6500 GL Nijmegen, The Netherlands
  • ECAP, Universität Erlangen-Nürnberg, Erwin-Rommel-Str. 1, 91058 Erlangen, Germany
  • NASA, Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt, Maryland 20771, USA
  • Dipartimento di Fisica e Astronomia G. Galilei, Universita di Padova, 35131 Padova, Italy
  • CSIRO Astronomy and Space Science, ATNF, PO Box 76, Epping, New South Wales 1710, Australia
  • Institute for Radio Astronomy and Space Research, Auckland University of Technology, Auckland 1010, New Zealand
  • Bundesamt fur Kartographie und Geodäsie, 93444 Bad Kötzting, Germany
  • CSIRO Astronomy and Space Science, Canberra Deep Space Communications Complex, PO Box 1035, Tuggeranong, Australian Capital Territory 2901, Australia
  • Instituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare, Sezione di Trieste, via Valerio 2, I-34127 Trieste, Italy
  • School of Mathematics & Physics, University of Tasmania, Private Bag 37, Hobart, 7001 Tasmania, Australia
  • Hartebeesthoek Radio Astronomy Observatory, PO Box 443, Krugersdorp 1740, South Africa
  • Departament d’Astronomia i Astrofísica, Universitat de València, C/Dr. Moliner 50, 46100 Burjassot, València, Spain
  • Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of California at Los Angeles, Los Angeles, California 90095, USA
  • Max-Planck-Institut für Radioastronomie, Auf dem Hügel 69, 53121 Bonn, Germany
  • Identifiers

    URI

    http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1038/nphys3715

    DOI

    http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/nphys3715

    DIMENSIONS

    https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1009293136


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