High harmonic generation in the relativistic limit View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle      Open Access: True


Article Info

DATE

2006-07

AUTHORS

B. Dromey, M. Zepf, A. Gopal, K. Lancaster, M. S. Wei, K. Krushelnick, M. Tatarakis, N. Vakakis, S. Moustaizis, R. Kodama, M. Tampo, C. Stoeckl, R. Clarke, H. Habara, D. Neely, S. Karsch, P. Norreys

ABSTRACT

The generation of extremely bright coherent X-ray pulses in the femtosecond and attosecond regime is currently one of the most exciting frontiers of physics–allowing, for the first time, measurements with unprecedented temporal resolution1,2,3,4,5,6. Harmonics from laser–solid target interactions have been identified as a means of achieving fields as high as the Schwinger limit2,7 (E=1.3×1016 V m−1) and as a highly promising route to high-efficiency attosecond (10−18 s) pulses8 owing to their intrinsically phase-locked nature. The key steps to attain these goals are achieving high conversion efficiencies and a slow decay of harmonic efficiency to high orders by driving harmonic production to the relativistic limit1. Here we present the first experimental demonstration of high harmonic generation in the relativistic limit, obtained on the Vulcan Petawatt laser9. High conversion efficiencies (η>10−6 per harmonic) and bright emission (>1022 photons s−1 mm−2 mrad−2 (0.1% bandwidth)) are observed at wavelengths <4 nm (the `water-window' region of particular interest for bio-microscopy). More... »

PAGES

456

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1038/nphys338

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/nphys338

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1018536844


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