Real-time observation of laser-driven electron acceleration View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle      Open Access: True


Article Info

DATE

2011-07

AUTHORS

Alexander Buck, Maria Nicolai, Karl Schmid, Chris M. S. Sears, Alexander Sävert, Julia M. Mikhailova, Ferenc Krausz, Malte C. Kaluza, Laszlo Veisz

ABSTRACT

Electron acceleration by laser-driven plasma waves1,2 is capableof producing ultra-relativistic, quasi-monoenergetic electron bunches3,4,5 with orders of magnitude higher accelerating gradients and much shorter electron pulses than state-of-the-art radio-frequency accelerators. Recent developments have shown peak energies reaching into the GeV range6 and improved stability and control over the energy spectrum and charge7. Future applications, such as the development of laboratory X-ray sources with unprecedented peak brilliance8,9 or ultrafast time-resolved measurements10 critically rely on a temporal characterization of the acceleration process and the electron bunch. Here, we report the first real-time observation of the accelerated electron pulse and the accelerating plasma wave. Our time-resolved study allows a single-shot measurement of the 5.8−2.1+1.9 fs electron bunch full-width at half-maximum (2.5−0.9+0.8 fs root mean square) as well as the plasma wave with a density-dependent period of 12–22 fs and reveals the evolution of the bunch, its position in the surrounding plasma wave and the wake dynamics. The results afford promise for brilliant, sub-ångström-wavelength ultrafast electron and photon sources for diffraction imaging with atomic resolution in space and time11. More... »

PAGES

543-548

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1038/nphys1942

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/nphys1942

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1012409681


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