Simulating a quantum magnet with trapped ions View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle      Open Access: True


Article Info

DATE

2008-10

AUTHORS

A. Friedenauer, H. Schmitz, J. T. Glueckert, D. Porras, T. Schaetz

ABSTRACT

To gain deeper insight into the dynamics of complex quantum systems we need a quantum leap in computer simulations. We cannot translate quantum behaviour arising from superposition states or entanglement efficiently into the classical language of conventional computers. The solution to this problem, proposed in 1982 (ref. 1), is simulating the quantum behaviour of interest in a different quantum system where the interactions can be controlled and the outcome detected sufficiently well. Here we study the building blocks for simulating quantum spin Hamiltonians with trapped ions2. We experimentally simulate the adiabatic evolution of the smallest non-trivial spin system from paramagnetic into ferromagnetic order with a quantum magnetization for two spins of 98%. We prove that the transition is not driven by thermal fluctuations but is of quantum-mechanical origin (analogous to quantum fluctuations in quantum phase transitions3). We observe a final superposition state of the two degenerate spin configurations for the ferromagnetic order (|↑↑〉+|↓↓〉), corresponding to deterministic entanglement achieved with 88% fidelity. This method should allow for scaling to a higher number of coupled spins2, enabling implementation of simulations that are intractable on conventional computers. More... »

PAGES

757

Journal

TITLE

Nature Physics

ISSUE

10

VOLUME

4

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1038/nphys1032

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/nphys1032

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1016542767


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