A generator for unique quantum random numbers based on vacuum states View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle      Open Access: True


Article Info

DATE

2010-10

AUTHORS

Christian Gabriel, Christoffer Wittmann, Denis Sych, Ruifang Dong, Wolfgang Mauerer, Ulrik L. Andersen, Christoph Marquardt, Gerd Leuchs

ABSTRACT

Random numbers are a valuable component in diverse applications that range from simulations1 over gambling to cryptography2,3. The quest for true randomness in these applications has engendered a large variety of different proposals for producing random numbers based on the foundational unpredictability of quantum mechanics4,5,6,7,8,9,10,11. However, most approaches do not consider that a potential adversary could have knowledge about the generated numbers, so the numbers are not verifiably random and unique12,13,14,15. Here we present a simple experimental setup based on homodyne measurements that uses the purity of a continuous-variable quantum vacuum state to generate unique random numbers. We use the intrinsic randomness in measuring the quadratures of a mode in the lowest energy vacuum state, which cannot be correlated to any other state. The simplicity of our source, combined with its verifiably unique randomness, are important attributes for achieving high-reliability, high-speed and low-cost quantum random number generators. More... »

PAGES

711

References to SciGraph publications

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1038/nphoton.2010.197

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/nphoton.2010.197

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1045095341


Indexing Status Check whether this publication has been indexed by Scopus and Web Of Science using the SN Indexing Status Tool
Incoming Citations Browse incoming citations for this publication using opencitations.net

JSON-LD is the canonical representation for SciGraph data.

TIP: You can open this SciGraph record using an external JSON-LD service: JSON-LD Playground Google SDTT

[
  {
    "@context": "https://springernature.github.io/scigraph/jsonld/sgcontext.json", 
    "about": [
      {
        "id": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/0206", 
        "inDefinedTermSet": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/", 
        "name": "Quantum Physics", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/02", 
        "inDefinedTermSet": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/", 
        "name": "Physical Sciences", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }
    ], 
    "author": [
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "University of Erlangen-Nuremberg", 
          "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.5330.5", 
          "name": [
            "Max Planck Institute for the Science of Light, Guenther-Scharowsky-Strasse 1, D-91058 Erlangen, Germany", 
            "Institute for Optics, Information and Photonics, University Erlangen-Nuremberg, Staudtstrasse 7/B2, D-91058 Erlangen, Germany"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Gabriel", 
        "givenName": "Christian", 
        "id": "sg:person.01010650653.25", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01010650653.25"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "University of Erlangen-Nuremberg", 
          "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.5330.5", 
          "name": [
            "Max Planck Institute for the Science of Light, Guenther-Scharowsky-Strasse 1, D-91058 Erlangen, Germany", 
            "Institute for Optics, Information and Photonics, University Erlangen-Nuremberg, Staudtstrasse 7/B2, D-91058 Erlangen, Germany"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Wittmann", 
        "givenName": "Christoffer", 
        "id": "sg:person.0636672315.87", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.0636672315.87"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "University of Erlangen-Nuremberg", 
          "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.5330.5", 
          "name": [
            "Max Planck Institute for the Science of Light, Guenther-Scharowsky-Strasse 1, D-91058 Erlangen, Germany", 
            "Institute for Optics, Information and Photonics, University Erlangen-Nuremberg, Staudtstrasse 7/B2, D-91058 Erlangen, Germany"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Sych", 
        "givenName": "Denis", 
        "id": "sg:person.01105370423.50", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01105370423.50"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "Technical University of Denmark", 
          "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.5170.3", 
          "name": [
            "Max Planck Institute for the Science of Light, Guenther-Scharowsky-Strasse 1, D-91058 Erlangen, Germany", 
            "Institute for Optics, Information and Photonics, University Erlangen-Nuremberg, Staudtstrasse 7/B2, D-91058 Erlangen, Germany", 
            "Department of Physics, Technical University of Denmark, 2800 Kongens Lyngby, Denmark"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Dong", 
        "givenName": "Ruifang", 
        "id": "sg:person.01263026773.70", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01263026773.70"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "Siemens (Germany)", 
          "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.5406.7", 
          "name": [
            "Siemens AG, Corporate Technology, Otto-Hahn-Ring 6, 81739 M\u00fcnchen, Germany"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Mauerer", 
        "givenName": "Wolfgang", 
        "id": "sg:person.015631105755.82", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.015631105755.82"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "Technical University of Denmark", 
          "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.5170.3", 
          "name": [
            "Max Planck Institute for the Science of Light, Guenther-Scharowsky-Strasse 1, D-91058 Erlangen, Germany", 
            "Institute for Optics, Information and Photonics, University Erlangen-Nuremberg, Staudtstrasse 7/B2, D-91058 Erlangen, Germany", 
            "Department of Physics, Technical University of Denmark, 2800 Kongens Lyngby, Denmark"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Andersen", 
        "givenName": "Ulrik L.", 
        "id": "sg:person.01075470317.78", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01075470317.78"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "University of Erlangen-Nuremberg", 
          "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.5330.5", 
          "name": [
            "Max Planck Institute for the Science of Light, Guenther-Scharowsky-Strasse 1, D-91058 Erlangen, Germany", 
            "Institute for Optics, Information and Photonics, University Erlangen-Nuremberg, Staudtstrasse 7/B2, D-91058 Erlangen, Germany"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Marquardt", 
        "givenName": "Christoph", 
        "id": "sg:person.01204105232.55", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01204105232.55"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "University of Erlangen-Nuremberg", 
          "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.5330.5", 
          "name": [
            "Max Planck Institute for the Science of Light, Guenther-Scharowsky-Strasse 1, D-91058 Erlangen, Germany", 
            "Institute for Optics, Information and Photonics, University Erlangen-Nuremberg, Staudtstrasse 7/B2, D-91058 Erlangen, Germany"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Leuchs", 
        "givenName": "Gerd", 
        "id": "sg:person.01336050020.20", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01336050020.20"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }
    ], 
    "citation": [
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1038/nature09008", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1004387819", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1038/nature09008"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1038/nature09008", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1004387819", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1038/nature09008"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1117/12.858233", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1006570833"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1117/12.858233", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1006570833"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1063/1.2961000", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1010252977"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1145/1268776.1268777", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1012121077"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1103/physreva.75.032334", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1017941352"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1103/physreva.75.032334", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1017941352"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1080/09500340008233380", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1024254955"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1038/nphoton.2008.227", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1027962919", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1038/nphoton.2008.227"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1063/1.1150518", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1028338171"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1103/revmodphys.74.145", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1030127668"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1103/revmodphys.74.145", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1030127668"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1063/1.2720728", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1032435860"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1063/1.2720728", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1032435860"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1103/physreva.79.054306", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1039458931"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1103/physreva.79.054306", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1039458931"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/bf01388651", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1039609337", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1007/bf01388651"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1214/aos/1176348543", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1042652157"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/0267-3649(94)90017-5", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1051674605"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1080/01621459.1949.10483310", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1058298878"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1088/0143-0807/30/5/026", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1059036285"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1088/0143-0807/30/5/026", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1059036285"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1109/sfcs.1989.63483", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1086161715"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1109/isit.1998.708874", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1093432043"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1364/ao.48.001774", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1111237615"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }
    ], 
    "datePublished": "2010-10", 
    "datePublishedReg": "2010-10-01", 
    "description": "Random numbers are a valuable component in diverse applications that range from simulations1 over gambling to cryptography2,3. The quest for true randomness in these applications has engendered a large variety of different proposals for producing random numbers based on the foundational unpredictability of quantum mechanics4,5,6,7,8,9,10,11. However, most approaches do not consider that a potential adversary could have knowledge about the generated numbers, so the numbers are not verifiably random and unique12,13,14,15. Here we present a simple experimental setup based on homodyne measurements that uses the purity of a continuous-variable quantum vacuum state to generate unique random numbers. We use the intrinsic randomness in measuring the quadratures of a mode in the lowest energy vacuum state, which cannot be correlated to any other state. The simplicity of our source, combined with its verifiably unique randomness, are important attributes for achieving high-reliability, high-speed and low-cost quantum random number generators.", 
    "genre": "research_article", 
    "id": "sg:pub.10.1038/nphoton.2010.197", 
    "inLanguage": [
      "en"
    ], 
    "isAccessibleForFree": true, 
    "isPartOf": [
      {
        "id": "sg:journal.1037430", 
        "issn": [
          "1749-4885", 
          "1749-4893"
        ], 
        "name": "Nature Photonics", 
        "type": "Periodical"
      }, 
      {
        "issueNumber": "10", 
        "type": "PublicationIssue"
      }, 
      {
        "type": "PublicationVolume", 
        "volumeNumber": "4"
      }
    ], 
    "name": "A generator for unique quantum random numbers based on vacuum states", 
    "pagination": "711", 
    "productId": [
      {
        "name": "readcube_id", 
        "type": "PropertyValue", 
        "value": [
          "d6cdd0b150e0b7302822dd3ae2f4e8de424a92a82473022d04a022eb5bfa3fe1"
        ]
      }, 
      {
        "name": "doi", 
        "type": "PropertyValue", 
        "value": [
          "10.1038/nphoton.2010.197"
        ]
      }, 
      {
        "name": "dimensions_id", 
        "type": "PropertyValue", 
        "value": [
          "pub.1045095341"
        ]
      }
    ], 
    "sameAs": [
      "https://doi.org/10.1038/nphoton.2010.197", 
      "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1045095341"
    ], 
    "sdDataset": "articles", 
    "sdDatePublished": "2019-04-11T10:50", 
    "sdLicense": "https://scigraph.springernature.com/explorer/license/", 
    "sdPublisher": {
      "name": "Springer Nature - SN SciGraph project", 
      "type": "Organization"
    }, 
    "sdSource": "s3://com-uberresearch-data-dimensions-target-20181106-alternative/cleanup/v134/2549eaecd7973599484d7c17b260dba0a4ecb94b/merge/v9/a6c9fde33151104705d4d7ff012ea9563521a3ce/jats-lookup/v90/0000000350_0000000350/records_77583_00000000.jsonl", 
    "type": "ScholarlyArticle", 
    "url": "https://www.nature.com/articles/nphoton.2010.197"
  }
]
 

Download the RDF metadata as:  json-ld nt turtle xml License info

HOW TO GET THIS DATA PROGRAMMATICALLY:

JSON-LD is a popular format for linked data which is fully compatible with JSON.

curl -H 'Accept: application/ld+json' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1038/nphoton.2010.197'

N-Triples is a line-based linked data format ideal for batch operations.

curl -H 'Accept: application/n-triples' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1038/nphoton.2010.197'

Turtle is a human-readable linked data format.

curl -H 'Accept: text/turtle' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1038/nphoton.2010.197'

RDF/XML is a standard XML format for linked data.

curl -H 'Accept: application/rdf+xml' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1038/nphoton.2010.197'


 

This table displays all metadata directly associated to this object as RDF triples.

179 TRIPLES      21 PREDICATES      46 URIs      19 LITERALS      7 BLANK NODES

Subject Predicate Object
1 sg:pub.10.1038/nphoton.2010.197 schema:about anzsrc-for:02
2 anzsrc-for:0206
3 schema:author N3c9fecf22f9f41498dc7aa6e87b21bd7
4 schema:citation sg:pub.10.1007/bf01388651
5 sg:pub.10.1038/nature09008
6 sg:pub.10.1038/nphoton.2008.227
7 https://doi.org/10.1016/0267-3649(94)90017-5
8 https://doi.org/10.1063/1.1150518
9 https://doi.org/10.1063/1.2720728
10 https://doi.org/10.1063/1.2961000
11 https://doi.org/10.1080/01621459.1949.10483310
12 https://doi.org/10.1080/09500340008233380
13 https://doi.org/10.1088/0143-0807/30/5/026
14 https://doi.org/10.1103/physreva.75.032334
15 https://doi.org/10.1103/physreva.79.054306
16 https://doi.org/10.1103/revmodphys.74.145
17 https://doi.org/10.1109/isit.1998.708874
18 https://doi.org/10.1109/sfcs.1989.63483
19 https://doi.org/10.1117/12.858233
20 https://doi.org/10.1145/1268776.1268777
21 https://doi.org/10.1214/aos/1176348543
22 https://doi.org/10.1364/ao.48.001774
23 schema:datePublished 2010-10
24 schema:datePublishedReg 2010-10-01
25 schema:description Random numbers are a valuable component in diverse applications that range from simulations1 over gambling to cryptography2,3. The quest for true randomness in these applications has engendered a large variety of different proposals for producing random numbers based on the foundational unpredictability of quantum mechanics4,5,6,7,8,9,10,11. However, most approaches do not consider that a potential adversary could have knowledge about the generated numbers, so the numbers are not verifiably random and unique12,13,14,15. Here we present a simple experimental setup based on homodyne measurements that uses the purity of a continuous-variable quantum vacuum state to generate unique random numbers. We use the intrinsic randomness in measuring the quadratures of a mode in the lowest energy vacuum state, which cannot be correlated to any other state. The simplicity of our source, combined with its verifiably unique randomness, are important attributes for achieving high-reliability, high-speed and low-cost quantum random number generators.
26 schema:genre research_article
27 schema:inLanguage en
28 schema:isAccessibleForFree true
29 schema:isPartOf N38e13e609a0a474ab86e206f93243cb4
30 N87eff2dc25784127806052b76e973819
31 sg:journal.1037430
32 schema:name A generator for unique quantum random numbers based on vacuum states
33 schema:pagination 711
34 schema:productId N298501f18cf641a0a41106b9c6ab13c6
35 Nb8584e7ed8b64066b7fe8ec207c6598e
36 Nd339052931be45d4ad9dfdfd25b84de5
37 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1045095341
38 https://doi.org/10.1038/nphoton.2010.197
39 schema:sdDatePublished 2019-04-11T10:50
40 schema:sdLicense https://scigraph.springernature.com/explorer/license/
41 schema:sdPublisher N7ec19e728aa141e2abd617368edc0672
42 schema:url https://www.nature.com/articles/nphoton.2010.197
43 sgo:license sg:explorer/license/
44 sgo:sdDataset articles
45 rdf:type schema:ScholarlyArticle
46 N125a650729c64a0da3d230b24bce323e rdf:first sg:person.01263026773.70
47 rdf:rest Nc85a73225d8645098e0cb8572071bcde
48 N298501f18cf641a0a41106b9c6ab13c6 schema:name doi
49 schema:value 10.1038/nphoton.2010.197
50 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
51 N38e13e609a0a474ab86e206f93243cb4 schema:issueNumber 10
52 rdf:type schema:PublicationIssue
53 N3c9fecf22f9f41498dc7aa6e87b21bd7 rdf:first sg:person.01010650653.25
54 rdf:rest N89d5423a8d284e3b843b97d5aee9517c
55 N55bdb574ea5f44a9a6cbb59db9c8514c rdf:first sg:person.01204105232.55
56 rdf:rest N89b50771898b421789e3ba9042361a21
57 N7ec19e728aa141e2abd617368edc0672 schema:name Springer Nature - SN SciGraph project
58 rdf:type schema:Organization
59 N87eff2dc25784127806052b76e973819 schema:volumeNumber 4
60 rdf:type schema:PublicationVolume
61 N89b50771898b421789e3ba9042361a21 rdf:first sg:person.01336050020.20
62 rdf:rest rdf:nil
63 N89d5423a8d284e3b843b97d5aee9517c rdf:first sg:person.0636672315.87
64 rdf:rest Na23f54d20c154fe6a99f1d9bdefab03a
65 Na23f54d20c154fe6a99f1d9bdefab03a rdf:first sg:person.01105370423.50
66 rdf:rest N125a650729c64a0da3d230b24bce323e
67 Nb8584e7ed8b64066b7fe8ec207c6598e schema:name dimensions_id
68 schema:value pub.1045095341
69 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
70 Nc85a73225d8645098e0cb8572071bcde rdf:first sg:person.015631105755.82
71 rdf:rest Nd53bed7a75844f29a4363e88f712d3e2
72 Nd339052931be45d4ad9dfdfd25b84de5 schema:name readcube_id
73 schema:value d6cdd0b150e0b7302822dd3ae2f4e8de424a92a82473022d04a022eb5bfa3fe1
74 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
75 Nd53bed7a75844f29a4363e88f712d3e2 rdf:first sg:person.01075470317.78
76 rdf:rest N55bdb574ea5f44a9a6cbb59db9c8514c
77 anzsrc-for:02 schema:inDefinedTermSet anzsrc-for:
78 schema:name Physical Sciences
79 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
80 anzsrc-for:0206 schema:inDefinedTermSet anzsrc-for:
81 schema:name Quantum Physics
82 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
83 sg:journal.1037430 schema:issn 1749-4885
84 1749-4893
85 schema:name Nature Photonics
86 rdf:type schema:Periodical
87 sg:person.01010650653.25 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.5330.5
88 schema:familyName Gabriel
89 schema:givenName Christian
90 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01010650653.25
91 rdf:type schema:Person
92 sg:person.01075470317.78 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.5170.3
93 schema:familyName Andersen
94 schema:givenName Ulrik L.
95 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01075470317.78
96 rdf:type schema:Person
97 sg:person.01105370423.50 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.5330.5
98 schema:familyName Sych
99 schema:givenName Denis
100 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01105370423.50
101 rdf:type schema:Person
102 sg:person.01204105232.55 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.5330.5
103 schema:familyName Marquardt
104 schema:givenName Christoph
105 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01204105232.55
106 rdf:type schema:Person
107 sg:person.01263026773.70 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.5170.3
108 schema:familyName Dong
109 schema:givenName Ruifang
110 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01263026773.70
111 rdf:type schema:Person
112 sg:person.01336050020.20 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.5330.5
113 schema:familyName Leuchs
114 schema:givenName Gerd
115 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01336050020.20
116 rdf:type schema:Person
117 sg:person.015631105755.82 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.5406.7
118 schema:familyName Mauerer
119 schema:givenName Wolfgang
120 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.015631105755.82
121 rdf:type schema:Person
122 sg:person.0636672315.87 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.5330.5
123 schema:familyName Wittmann
124 schema:givenName Christoffer
125 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.0636672315.87
126 rdf:type schema:Person
127 sg:pub.10.1007/bf01388651 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1039609337
128 https://doi.org/10.1007/bf01388651
129 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
130 sg:pub.10.1038/nature09008 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1004387819
131 https://doi.org/10.1038/nature09008
132 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
133 sg:pub.10.1038/nphoton.2008.227 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1027962919
134 https://doi.org/10.1038/nphoton.2008.227
135 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
136 https://doi.org/10.1016/0267-3649(94)90017-5 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1051674605
137 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
138 https://doi.org/10.1063/1.1150518 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1028338171
139 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
140 https://doi.org/10.1063/1.2720728 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1032435860
141 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
142 https://doi.org/10.1063/1.2961000 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1010252977
143 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
144 https://doi.org/10.1080/01621459.1949.10483310 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1058298878
145 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
146 https://doi.org/10.1080/09500340008233380 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1024254955
147 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
148 https://doi.org/10.1088/0143-0807/30/5/026 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1059036285
149 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
150 https://doi.org/10.1103/physreva.75.032334 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1017941352
151 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
152 https://doi.org/10.1103/physreva.79.054306 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1039458931
153 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
154 https://doi.org/10.1103/revmodphys.74.145 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1030127668
155 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
156 https://doi.org/10.1109/isit.1998.708874 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1093432043
157 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
158 https://doi.org/10.1109/sfcs.1989.63483 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1086161715
159 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
160 https://doi.org/10.1117/12.858233 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1006570833
161 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
162 https://doi.org/10.1145/1268776.1268777 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1012121077
163 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
164 https://doi.org/10.1214/aos/1176348543 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1042652157
165 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
166 https://doi.org/10.1364/ao.48.001774 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1111237615
167 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
168 https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.5170.3 schema:alternateName Technical University of Denmark
169 schema:name Department of Physics, Technical University of Denmark, 2800 Kongens Lyngby, Denmark
170 Institute for Optics, Information and Photonics, University Erlangen-Nuremberg, Staudtstrasse 7/B2, D-91058 Erlangen, Germany
171 Max Planck Institute for the Science of Light, Guenther-Scharowsky-Strasse 1, D-91058 Erlangen, Germany
172 rdf:type schema:Organization
173 https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.5330.5 schema:alternateName University of Erlangen-Nuremberg
174 schema:name Institute for Optics, Information and Photonics, University Erlangen-Nuremberg, Staudtstrasse 7/B2, D-91058 Erlangen, Germany
175 Max Planck Institute for the Science of Light, Guenther-Scharowsky-Strasse 1, D-91058 Erlangen, Germany
176 rdf:type schema:Organization
177 https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.5406.7 schema:alternateName Siemens (Germany)
178 schema:name Siemens AG, Corporate Technology, Otto-Hahn-Ring 6, 81739 München, Germany
179 rdf:type schema:Organization
 




Preview window. Press ESC to close (or click here)


...