Anticipating the perceived risk of nanotechnologies View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle      Open Access: True


Article Info

DATE

2009-11

AUTHORS

Terre Satterfield, Milind Kandlikar, Christian E. H. Beaudrie, Joseph Conti, Barbara Herr Harthorn

ABSTRACT

Understanding emerging trends in public perceptions of nanomaterials is critically important for those who regulate risks. A number of surveys have explored public perceptions of their risks and benefits. In this paper we meta-analyse these surveys to assess the extent to which the following four hypotheses derived from previous studies of new technologies might be said to be valid for nanotechnologies: risk aversion will prevail over benefit appreciation; an increase in knowledge will not result in reduced aversion to risks; judgements will be malleable and subject to persuasion given risk-centric information; and contextual, psychometric and attitudinal predictors of perceived risk from prior studies can help anticipate future perceptions of nanotechnologies. We find that half the public has at least some familiarity with nanotechnology, and those who perceive greater benefits outnumber those who perceive greater risks by 3 to 1. However, a large minority of those surveyed (44%) is unsure, suggesting that risk judgements are highly malleable. Nanotechnology risk perceptions also appear to contradict some long-standing findings. In particular, unfamiliarity with nanotechnology is, contrary to expectations, not strongly associated with risk aversion and reduced 'knowledge deficits' are correlated with positive perceptions in this early and controversy-free period. Psychometric variables, trust and affect continue to drive risk perceptions in this new context, although the influence of both trust and affect is mediated, even reversed, by demographic and cultural variables. Given the potential malleability of perceptions, novel methods for understanding future public responses to nanotechnologies will need to be developed. More... »

PAGES

752-758

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1038/nnano.2009.265

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/nnano.2009.265

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1012165702

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19893527


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