Towards a definition of inorganic nanoparticles from an environmental, health and safety perspective View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle     


Article Info

DATE

2009-10

AUTHORS

Mélanie Auffan, Jérôme Rose, Jean-Yves Bottero, Gregory V. Lowry, Jean-Pierre Jolivet, Mark R. Wiesner

ABSTRACT

The regulation of engineered nanoparticles requires a widely agreed definition of such particles. Nanoparticles are routinely defined as particles with sizes between about 1 and 100 nm that show properties that are not found in bulk samples of the same material. Here we argue that evidence for novel size-dependent properties alone, rather than particle size, should be the primary criterion in any definition of nanoparticles when making decisions about their regulation for environmental, health and safety reasons. We review the size-dependent properties of a variety of inorganic nanoparticles and find that particles larger than about 30 nm do not in general show properties that would require regulatory scrutiny beyond that required for their bulk counterparts. More... »

PAGES

634-641

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1038/nnano.2009.242

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/nnano.2009.242

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1050083585

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19809453


Indexing Status Check whether this publication has been indexed by Scopus and Web Of Science using the SN Indexing Status Tool
Incoming Citations Browse incoming citations for this publication using opencitations.net

JSON-LD is the canonical representation for SciGraph data.

TIP: You can open this SciGraph record using an external JSON-LD service: JSON-LD Playground Google SDTT

[
  {
    "@context": "https://springernature.github.io/scigraph/jsonld/sgcontext.json", 
    "about": [
      {
        "id": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/0306", 
        "inDefinedTermSet": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/", 
        "name": "Physical Chemistry (incl. Structural)", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/03", 
        "inDefinedTermSet": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/", 
        "name": "Chemical Sciences", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
        "name": "Animals", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
        "name": "Catalysis", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
        "name": "Environment", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
        "name": "Health", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
        "name": "Inorganic Chemicals", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
        "name": "Nanoparticles", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
        "name": "Safety", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }
    ], 
    "author": [
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "Duke University", 
          "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.26009.3d", 
          "name": [
            "Center for the Environmental Implications of NanoTechnology CEINT, Duke University, 121 Hudson Hall, Durham, North Carolina 27707, USA", 
            "International Consortium for the Environmental Implications of Nanotechnology iCEINT, Europ\u00f4le de l'Arbois, 13545 Aix-en-Provence, France"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Auffan", 
        "givenName": "M\u00e9lanie", 
        "id": "sg:person.01072137267.07", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01072137267.07"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "Centre for Research and Teaching in Environmental Geoscience", 
          "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.498067.4", 
          "name": [
            "Center for the Environmental Implications of NanoTechnology CEINT, Duke University, 121 Hudson Hall, Durham, North Carolina 27707, USA", 
            "CEREGE, UMR 6635 CNRS/Aix-Marseille Universit\u00e9, Europ\u00f4le de l'Arbois, 13545 Aix-en-Provence, France", 
            "International Consortium for the Environmental Implications of Nanotechnology iCEINT, Europ\u00f4le de l'Arbois, 13545 Aix-en-Provence, France"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Rose", 
        "givenName": "J\u00e9r\u00f4me", 
        "id": "sg:person.01047476706.46", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01047476706.46"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "Centre for Research and Teaching in Environmental Geoscience", 
          "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.498067.4", 
          "name": [
            "Center for the Environmental Implications of NanoTechnology CEINT, Duke University, 121 Hudson Hall, Durham, North Carolina 27707, USA", 
            "CEREGE, UMR 6635 CNRS/Aix-Marseille Universit\u00e9, Europ\u00f4le de l'Arbois, 13545 Aix-en-Provence, France", 
            "International Consortium for the Environmental Implications of Nanotechnology iCEINT, Europ\u00f4le de l'Arbois, 13545 Aix-en-Provence, France"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Bottero", 
        "givenName": "Jean-Yves", 
        "id": "sg:person.01221573763.77", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01221573763.77"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "Carnegie Mellon University", 
          "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.147455.6", 
          "name": [
            "Center for the Environmental Implications of NanoTechnology CEINT, Duke University, 121 Hudson Hall, Durham, North Carolina 27707, USA", 
            "International Consortium for the Environmental Implications of Nanotechnology iCEINT, Europ\u00f4le de l'Arbois, 13545 Aix-en-Provence, France", 
            "Carnegie Mellon University, Civil and Environmental Engineering Department, 119 Porter Hall, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania 15213, USA"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Lowry", 
        "givenName": "Gregory V.", 
        "id": "sg:person.01270010516.48", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01270010516.48"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "Chimie de la Mati\u00e8re Condens\u00e9e de Paris", 
          "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.462088.0", 
          "name": [
            "Center for the Environmental Implications of NanoTechnology CEINT, Duke University, 121 Hudson Hall, Durham, North Carolina 27707, USA", 
            "International Consortium for the Environmental Implications of Nanotechnology iCEINT, Europ\u00f4le de l'Arbois, 13545 Aix-en-Provence, France", 
            "Laboratoire de Chimie de la Mati\u00e8re Condens\u00e9e de Paris, UMR 7574 CNRS/UPMC, Jussieu, 75252 Paris, France."
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Jolivet", 
        "givenName": "Jean-Pierre", 
        "id": "sg:person.0741147446.50", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.0741147446.50"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "Duke University", 
          "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.26009.3d", 
          "name": [
            "Center for the Environmental Implications of NanoTechnology CEINT, Duke University, 121 Hudson Hall, Durham, North Carolina 27707, USA", 
            "International Consortium for the Environmental Implications of Nanotechnology iCEINT, Europ\u00f4le de l'Arbois, 13545 Aix-en-Provence, France"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Wiesner", 
        "givenName": "Mark R.", 
        "id": "sg:person.01031703503.66", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01031703503.66"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }
    ], 
    "citation": [
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1093/toxsci/kfj084", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1001411351"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1080/17435390701727509", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1003604319"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1080/1071576042000206487", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1003850132"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/j.matlet.2009.04.009", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1004649407"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1093/toxsci/kfm240", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1006408639"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/j.envint.2006.06.014", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1006796986"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1039/b407086k", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1007536863"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1021/es060999b", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1008265660"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1021/es060999b", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1008265660"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apcata.2009.04.035", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1009032396"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/j.gca.2006.06.1366", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1009688065"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/0021-9797(88)90036-7", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1011376897"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1126/science.1164170", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1011698890"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/j.gca.2006.06.011", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1011799584"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/j.bioeng.2006.05.026", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1012527787"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tca.2007.07.007", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1013982642"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1080/17435390902788086", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1015207409"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1093/toxsci/kfj140", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1015736387"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s11051-008-9523-8", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1018364190", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1007/s11051-008-9523-8"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1021/es071445r", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1021071888"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1021/es071445r", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1021071888"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1289/ehp.7339", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1021597152"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s12043-002-0211-4", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1021883756", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1007/s12043-002-0211-4"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1038/nmat2277", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1022461141", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1038/nmat2277"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cplett.2005.05.027", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1022516791"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1002/1616-3028(20021016)12:10<653::aid-adfm653>3.0.co;2-v", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1022734533"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1021/jp712087m", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1022803455"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1021/jp712087m", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1022803455"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/s1631-0713(02)01799-6", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1023751825"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/j.elecom.2006.09.022", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1024111026"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1006/jcat.2002.3783", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1024146227"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1006/jcat.2002.3783", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1024146227"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1002/ieam.5630020411", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1024179744"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tox.2005.05.007", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1024997810"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1021/es052069i", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1026648108"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1021/es052069i", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1026648108"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.0801763105", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1026661243"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jmmm.2004.09.120", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1026831884"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1088/0957-4484/16/10/059", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1026840786"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1088/0957-4484/16/10/059", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1026840786"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1006/jcat.2000.2838", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1028879793"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1039/b211271j", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1030133622"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1038/nnano.2008.361", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1030614578", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1038/nnano.2008.361"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/j.eurpolymj.2007.01.021", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1030795559"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1021/es062726m", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1031340368"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1021/es062726m", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1031340368"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/s0920-5861(96)00208-8", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1031773825"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/j.biomaterials.2004.10.012", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1032406790"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1021/nl061025k", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1033474551"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1021/nl061025k", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1033474551"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1289/ehp.7021", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1034007004"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1021/nl0347334", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1034740936"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1021/nl0347334", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1034740936"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tox.2007.12.022", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1036161388"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.251534898", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1036357125"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/s1359-6446(03)02903-9", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1038206642"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/0009-2614(94)00287-8", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1038703383"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/s0965-9773(97)00130-x", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1038760890"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/j.envpol.2008.10.002", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1038959215"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1021/jp026731y", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1039003927"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1021/jp026731y", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1039003927"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/0021-9517(81)90104-4", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1039556716"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1557/jmr.2005.0403", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1040700974"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/j.bej.2006.01.004", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1041036746"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1021/cr030698+", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1042893548"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1021/cr030698+", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1042893548"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1088/0953-8984/15/2/202", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1043789887"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jcat.2009.02.021", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1044073470"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1038/nnano.2008.30", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1044148222", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1038/nnano.2008.30"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1023/a:1017948330363", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1046251161", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1023/a:1017948330363"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cplett.2008.08.039", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1046755779"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/j.surfrep.2005.08.002", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1047193956"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1126/science.1114397", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1047665854"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1038/nature07194", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1049533335", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1038/nature07194"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1023/a:1025520116015", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1050168815", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1023/a:1025520116015"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1021/cm071410q", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1050826628"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1021/cm071410q", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1050826628"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1002/9780470141571.ch4", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1051205163"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jcat.2006.04.004", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1052423085"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1136/oem.2004.013243", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1053112013"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1136/oem.2004.013243", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1053112013"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1021/cm0511217", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1055411619"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1021/cm0511217", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1055411619"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1021/cm071827w", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1055413516"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1021/cm071827w", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1055413516"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1021/es048099n", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1055497007"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1021/es048099n", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1055497007"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1021/es049190u", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1055497480"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1021/es049190u", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1055497480"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1021/es049195r", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1055497483"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1021/es049195r", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1055497483"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1021/es060691k", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1055499278"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1021/es060691k", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1055499278"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1021/es800086f", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1055514689"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1021/es800086f", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1055514689"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1021/ja808137c", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1055859920"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1021/ja808137c", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1055859920"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1021/jp000499j", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1056042455"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1021/jp000499j", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1056042455"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1021/jp011420t", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1056046321"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1021/jp011420t", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1056046321"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1021/jp012229m", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1056046868"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1021/jp012229m", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1056046868"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1021/la702998x", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1056161917"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1021/la702998x", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1056161917"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1063/1.122704", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1057686861"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1103/physrevb.40.7642", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1060552478"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1103/physrevb.40.7642", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1060552478"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1103/physrevb.42.7253", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1060555926"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1103/physrevb.42.7253", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1060555926"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1103/physrevb.45.9778", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1060562391"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1103/physrevb.45.9778", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1060562391"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1103/physrevb.50.15575", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1060573096"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1103/physrevb.50.15575", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1060573096"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1103/physrevb.51.10968", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1060574833"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1103/physrevb.51.10968", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1060574833"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1103/physrevb.51.6135", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1060576452"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1103/physrevb.51.6135", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1060576452"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1103/physrevb.52.13177", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1060577397"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1103/physrevb.52.13177", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1060577397"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1103/physrevb.53.16338", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1060579914"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1103/physrevb.53.16338", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1060579914"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1103/physrevb.59.7285", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1060591965"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1103/physrevb.59.7285", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1060591965"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1103/physrevb.62.10548", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1060596725"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1103/physrevb.62.10548", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1060596725"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1103/physrevlett.67.3602", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1060803754"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1103/physrevlett.67.3602", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1060803754"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1103/physrevlett.77.99", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1060814650"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1103/physrevlett.77.99", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1060814650"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1126/science.1135080", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1062454910"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1126/science.1148614", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1062456479"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1126/science.271.5251.933", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1062552242"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1126/science.277.5327.788", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1062557605"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.2174/156652406778195026", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1069185797"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }
    ], 
    "datePublished": "2009-10", 
    "datePublishedReg": "2009-10-01", 
    "description": "The regulation of engineered nanoparticles requires a widely agreed definition of such particles. Nanoparticles are routinely defined as particles with sizes between about 1 and 100 nm that show properties that are not found in bulk samples of the same material. Here we argue that evidence for novel size-dependent properties alone, rather than particle size, should be the primary criterion in any definition of nanoparticles when making decisions about their regulation for environmental, health and safety reasons. We review the size-dependent properties of a variety of inorganic nanoparticles and find that particles larger than about 30 nm do not in general show properties that would require regulatory scrutiny beyond that required for their bulk counterparts.", 
    "genre": "research_article", 
    "id": "sg:pub.10.1038/nnano.2009.242", 
    "inLanguage": [
      "en"
    ], 
    "isAccessibleForFree": false, 
    "isPartOf": [
      {
        "id": "sg:journal.1037429", 
        "issn": [
          "1748-3387", 
          "1748-3395"
        ], 
        "name": "Nature Nanotechnology", 
        "type": "Periodical"
      }, 
      {
        "issueNumber": "10", 
        "type": "PublicationIssue"
      }, 
      {
        "type": "PublicationVolume", 
        "volumeNumber": "4"
      }
    ], 
    "name": "Towards a definition of inorganic nanoparticles from an environmental, health and safety perspective", 
    "pagination": "634-641", 
    "productId": [
      {
        "name": "readcube_id", 
        "type": "PropertyValue", 
        "value": [
          "ee9554c6e06d2b3eda37709d35fb77cc94be715f9503998f8ea06cdca8f474c5"
        ]
      }, 
      {
        "name": "pubmed_id", 
        "type": "PropertyValue", 
        "value": [
          "19809453"
        ]
      }, 
      {
        "name": "nlm_unique_id", 
        "type": "PropertyValue", 
        "value": [
          "101283273"
        ]
      }, 
      {
        "name": "doi", 
        "type": "PropertyValue", 
        "value": [
          "10.1038/nnano.2009.242"
        ]
      }, 
      {
        "name": "dimensions_id", 
        "type": "PropertyValue", 
        "value": [
          "pub.1050083585"
        ]
      }
    ], 
    "sameAs": [
      "https://doi.org/10.1038/nnano.2009.242", 
      "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1050083585"
    ], 
    "sdDataset": "articles", 
    "sdDatePublished": "2019-04-11T09:37", 
    "sdLicense": "https://scigraph.springernature.com/explorer/license/", 
    "sdPublisher": {
      "name": "Springer Nature - SN SciGraph project", 
      "type": "Organization"
    }, 
    "sdSource": "s3://com-uberresearch-data-dimensions-target-20181106-alternative/cleanup/v134/2549eaecd7973599484d7c17b260dba0a4ecb94b/merge/v9/a6c9fde33151104705d4d7ff012ea9563521a3ce/jats-lookup/v90/0000000346_0000000346/records_99829_00000003.jsonl", 
    "type": "ScholarlyArticle", 
    "url": "http://www.nature.com/articles/nnano.2009.242"
  }
]
 

Download the RDF metadata as:  json-ld nt turtle xml License info

HOW TO GET THIS DATA PROGRAMMATICALLY:

JSON-LD is a popular format for linked data which is fully compatible with JSON.

curl -H 'Accept: application/ld+json' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1038/nnano.2009.242'

N-Triples is a line-based linked data format ideal for batch operations.

curl -H 'Accept: application/n-triples' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1038/nnano.2009.242'

Turtle is a human-readable linked data format.

curl -H 'Accept: text/turtle' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1038/nnano.2009.242'

RDF/XML is a standard XML format for linked data.

curl -H 'Accept: application/rdf+xml' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1038/nnano.2009.242'


 

This table displays all metadata directly associated to this object as RDF triples.

450 TRIPLES      21 PREDICATES      134 URIs      28 LITERALS      16 BLANK NODES

Subject Predicate Object
1 sg:pub.10.1038/nnano.2009.242 schema:about N32ccc2d182a5441f9121d8b74282b0e4
2 N480c1488be6546b3bfdbde3d2c5e3653
3 N5c0173f38d934be098d03b2c6dab7f49
4 N9c9b7f787e4d4a2aa23cb826981fc61d
5 Naa9a6dab420448189f7ef3731a3f53fe
6 Nbf3ac9266b4246f3a800d420ebe39d20
7 Nc01afc322b05438c8228bbe10655c16e
8 anzsrc-for:03
9 anzsrc-for:0306
10 schema:author N3e04084bb8b147c1b56e00fbbc360938
11 schema:citation sg:pub.10.1007/s11051-008-9523-8
12 sg:pub.10.1007/s12043-002-0211-4
13 sg:pub.10.1023/a:1017948330363
14 sg:pub.10.1023/a:1025520116015
15 sg:pub.10.1038/nature07194
16 sg:pub.10.1038/nmat2277
17 sg:pub.10.1038/nnano.2008.30
18 sg:pub.10.1038/nnano.2008.361
19 https://doi.org/10.1002/1616-3028(20021016)12:10<653::aid-adfm653>3.0.co;2-v
20 https://doi.org/10.1002/9780470141571.ch4
21 https://doi.org/10.1002/ieam.5630020411
22 https://doi.org/10.1006/jcat.2000.2838
23 https://doi.org/10.1006/jcat.2002.3783
24 https://doi.org/10.1016/0009-2614(94)00287-8
25 https://doi.org/10.1016/0021-9517(81)90104-4
26 https://doi.org/10.1016/0021-9797(88)90036-7
27 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apcata.2009.04.035
28 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.bej.2006.01.004
29 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.bioeng.2006.05.026
30 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.biomaterials.2004.10.012
31 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cplett.2005.05.027
32 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cplett.2008.08.039
33 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.elecom.2006.09.022
34 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.envint.2006.06.014
35 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.envpol.2008.10.002
36 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.eurpolymj.2007.01.021
37 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.gca.2006.06.011
38 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.gca.2006.06.1366
39 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jcat.2006.04.004
40 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jcat.2009.02.021
41 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jmmm.2004.09.120
42 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.matlet.2009.04.009
43 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.surfrep.2005.08.002
44 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tca.2007.07.007
45 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tox.2005.05.007
46 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tox.2007.12.022
47 https://doi.org/10.1016/s0920-5861(96)00208-8
48 https://doi.org/10.1016/s0965-9773(97)00130-x
49 https://doi.org/10.1016/s1359-6446(03)02903-9
50 https://doi.org/10.1016/s1631-0713(02)01799-6
51 https://doi.org/10.1021/cm0511217
52 https://doi.org/10.1021/cm071410q
53 https://doi.org/10.1021/cm071827w
54 https://doi.org/10.1021/cr030698+
55 https://doi.org/10.1021/es048099n
56 https://doi.org/10.1021/es049190u
57 https://doi.org/10.1021/es049195r
58 https://doi.org/10.1021/es052069i
59 https://doi.org/10.1021/es060691k
60 https://doi.org/10.1021/es060999b
61 https://doi.org/10.1021/es062726m
62 https://doi.org/10.1021/es071445r
63 https://doi.org/10.1021/es800086f
64 https://doi.org/10.1021/ja808137c
65 https://doi.org/10.1021/jp000499j
66 https://doi.org/10.1021/jp011420t
67 https://doi.org/10.1021/jp012229m
68 https://doi.org/10.1021/jp026731y
69 https://doi.org/10.1021/jp712087m
70 https://doi.org/10.1021/la702998x
71 https://doi.org/10.1021/nl0347334
72 https://doi.org/10.1021/nl061025k
73 https://doi.org/10.1039/b211271j
74 https://doi.org/10.1039/b407086k
75 https://doi.org/10.1063/1.122704
76 https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.0801763105
77 https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.251534898
78 https://doi.org/10.1080/1071576042000206487
79 https://doi.org/10.1080/17435390701727509
80 https://doi.org/10.1080/17435390902788086
81 https://doi.org/10.1088/0953-8984/15/2/202
82 https://doi.org/10.1088/0957-4484/16/10/059
83 https://doi.org/10.1093/toxsci/kfj084
84 https://doi.org/10.1093/toxsci/kfj140
85 https://doi.org/10.1093/toxsci/kfm240
86 https://doi.org/10.1103/physrevb.40.7642
87 https://doi.org/10.1103/physrevb.42.7253
88 https://doi.org/10.1103/physrevb.45.9778
89 https://doi.org/10.1103/physrevb.50.15575
90 https://doi.org/10.1103/physrevb.51.10968
91 https://doi.org/10.1103/physrevb.51.6135
92 https://doi.org/10.1103/physrevb.52.13177
93 https://doi.org/10.1103/physrevb.53.16338
94 https://doi.org/10.1103/physrevb.59.7285
95 https://doi.org/10.1103/physrevb.62.10548
96 https://doi.org/10.1103/physrevlett.67.3602
97 https://doi.org/10.1103/physrevlett.77.99
98 https://doi.org/10.1126/science.1114397
99 https://doi.org/10.1126/science.1135080
100 https://doi.org/10.1126/science.1148614
101 https://doi.org/10.1126/science.1164170
102 https://doi.org/10.1126/science.271.5251.933
103 https://doi.org/10.1126/science.277.5327.788
104 https://doi.org/10.1136/oem.2004.013243
105 https://doi.org/10.1289/ehp.7021
106 https://doi.org/10.1289/ehp.7339
107 https://doi.org/10.1557/jmr.2005.0403
108 https://doi.org/10.2174/156652406778195026
109 schema:datePublished 2009-10
110 schema:datePublishedReg 2009-10-01
111 schema:description The regulation of engineered nanoparticles requires a widely agreed definition of such particles. Nanoparticles are routinely defined as particles with sizes between about 1 and 100 nm that show properties that are not found in bulk samples of the same material. Here we argue that evidence for novel size-dependent properties alone, rather than particle size, should be the primary criterion in any definition of nanoparticles when making decisions about their regulation for environmental, health and safety reasons. We review the size-dependent properties of a variety of inorganic nanoparticles and find that particles larger than about 30 nm do not in general show properties that would require regulatory scrutiny beyond that required for their bulk counterparts.
112 schema:genre research_article
113 schema:inLanguage en
114 schema:isAccessibleForFree false
115 schema:isPartOf N8c333438cefd407e92a0ca8888176f67
116 N8c5a77d138f24a91986a6e8b76a921ea
117 sg:journal.1037429
118 schema:name Towards a definition of inorganic nanoparticles from an environmental, health and safety perspective
119 schema:pagination 634-641
120 schema:productId N56f96695bbe84813b1b5d80379a582b5
121 N6aa1675396b44f7faba032582c17cd7e
122 N7220cd0f38a048ae972ff21f13dbfdbd
123 Naadd2aeabc2d45f4845950be91b6e4bd
124 Nce99f1cba1334e02a76b145721231111
125 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1050083585
126 https://doi.org/10.1038/nnano.2009.242
127 schema:sdDatePublished 2019-04-11T09:37
128 schema:sdLicense https://scigraph.springernature.com/explorer/license/
129 schema:sdPublisher N390880fa6be845c98cf0112756ef8268
130 schema:url http://www.nature.com/articles/nnano.2009.242
131 sgo:license sg:explorer/license/
132 sgo:sdDataset articles
133 rdf:type schema:ScholarlyArticle
134 N2688c3b9b06046279cba15a5dc025a9e rdf:first sg:person.01221573763.77
135 rdf:rest N9a060138bae74dab95245f2b241d3e26
136 N32ccc2d182a5441f9121d8b74282b0e4 schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
137 schema:name Health
138 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
139 N390880fa6be845c98cf0112756ef8268 schema:name Springer Nature - SN SciGraph project
140 rdf:type schema:Organization
141 N3e04084bb8b147c1b56e00fbbc360938 rdf:first sg:person.01072137267.07
142 rdf:rest N47444d1ceaf543cc910a7c75c1142195
143 N47444d1ceaf543cc910a7c75c1142195 rdf:first sg:person.01047476706.46
144 rdf:rest N2688c3b9b06046279cba15a5dc025a9e
145 N480c1488be6546b3bfdbde3d2c5e3653 schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
146 schema:name Inorganic Chemicals
147 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
148 N56f96695bbe84813b1b5d80379a582b5 schema:name pubmed_id
149 schema:value 19809453
150 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
151 N5c0173f38d934be098d03b2c6dab7f49 schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
152 schema:name Environment
153 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
154 N5f79bb3da9da4ef4ba75bff9b1399e4d rdf:first sg:person.01031703503.66
155 rdf:rest rdf:nil
156 N6aa1675396b44f7faba032582c17cd7e schema:name readcube_id
157 schema:value ee9554c6e06d2b3eda37709d35fb77cc94be715f9503998f8ea06cdca8f474c5
158 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
159 N7220cd0f38a048ae972ff21f13dbfdbd schema:name nlm_unique_id
160 schema:value 101283273
161 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
162 N8c333438cefd407e92a0ca8888176f67 schema:volumeNumber 4
163 rdf:type schema:PublicationVolume
164 N8c5a77d138f24a91986a6e8b76a921ea schema:issueNumber 10
165 rdf:type schema:PublicationIssue
166 N9a060138bae74dab95245f2b241d3e26 rdf:first sg:person.01270010516.48
167 rdf:rest Nfcaa31dc92bf4a47a535b522ce9fa301
168 N9c9b7f787e4d4a2aa23cb826981fc61d schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
169 schema:name Nanoparticles
170 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
171 Naa9a6dab420448189f7ef3731a3f53fe schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
172 schema:name Animals
173 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
174 Naadd2aeabc2d45f4845950be91b6e4bd schema:name dimensions_id
175 schema:value pub.1050083585
176 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
177 Nbf3ac9266b4246f3a800d420ebe39d20 schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
178 schema:name Catalysis
179 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
180 Nc01afc322b05438c8228bbe10655c16e schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
181 schema:name Safety
182 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
183 Nce99f1cba1334e02a76b145721231111 schema:name doi
184 schema:value 10.1038/nnano.2009.242
185 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
186 Nfcaa31dc92bf4a47a535b522ce9fa301 rdf:first sg:person.0741147446.50
187 rdf:rest N5f79bb3da9da4ef4ba75bff9b1399e4d
188 anzsrc-for:03 schema:inDefinedTermSet anzsrc-for:
189 schema:name Chemical Sciences
190 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
191 anzsrc-for:0306 schema:inDefinedTermSet anzsrc-for:
192 schema:name Physical Chemistry (incl. Structural)
193 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
194 sg:journal.1037429 schema:issn 1748-3387
195 1748-3395
196 schema:name Nature Nanotechnology
197 rdf:type schema:Periodical
198 sg:person.01031703503.66 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.26009.3d
199 schema:familyName Wiesner
200 schema:givenName Mark R.
201 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01031703503.66
202 rdf:type schema:Person
203 sg:person.01047476706.46 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.498067.4
204 schema:familyName Rose
205 schema:givenName Jérôme
206 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01047476706.46
207 rdf:type schema:Person
208 sg:person.01072137267.07 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.26009.3d
209 schema:familyName Auffan
210 schema:givenName Mélanie
211 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01072137267.07
212 rdf:type schema:Person
213 sg:person.01221573763.77 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.498067.4
214 schema:familyName Bottero
215 schema:givenName Jean-Yves
216 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01221573763.77
217 rdf:type schema:Person
218 sg:person.01270010516.48 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.147455.6
219 schema:familyName Lowry
220 schema:givenName Gregory V.
221 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01270010516.48
222 rdf:type schema:Person
223 sg:person.0741147446.50 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.462088.0
224 schema:familyName Jolivet
225 schema:givenName Jean-Pierre
226 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.0741147446.50
227 rdf:type schema:Person
228 sg:pub.10.1007/s11051-008-9523-8 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1018364190
229 https://doi.org/10.1007/s11051-008-9523-8
230 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
231 sg:pub.10.1007/s12043-002-0211-4 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1021883756
232 https://doi.org/10.1007/s12043-002-0211-4
233 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
234 sg:pub.10.1023/a:1017948330363 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1046251161
235 https://doi.org/10.1023/a:1017948330363
236 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
237 sg:pub.10.1023/a:1025520116015 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1050168815
238 https://doi.org/10.1023/a:1025520116015
239 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
240 sg:pub.10.1038/nature07194 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1049533335
241 https://doi.org/10.1038/nature07194
242 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
243 sg:pub.10.1038/nmat2277 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1022461141
244 https://doi.org/10.1038/nmat2277
245 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
246 sg:pub.10.1038/nnano.2008.30 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1044148222
247 https://doi.org/10.1038/nnano.2008.30
248 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
249 sg:pub.10.1038/nnano.2008.361 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1030614578
250 https://doi.org/10.1038/nnano.2008.361
251 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
252 https://doi.org/10.1002/1616-3028(20021016)12:10<653::aid-adfm653>3.0.co;2-v schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1022734533
253 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
254 https://doi.org/10.1002/9780470141571.ch4 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1051205163
255 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
256 https://doi.org/10.1002/ieam.5630020411 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1024179744
257 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
258 https://doi.org/10.1006/jcat.2000.2838 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1028879793
259 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
260 https://doi.org/10.1006/jcat.2002.3783 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1024146227
261 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
262 https://doi.org/10.1016/0009-2614(94)00287-8 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1038703383
263 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
264 https://doi.org/10.1016/0021-9517(81)90104-4 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1039556716
265 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
266 https://doi.org/10.1016/0021-9797(88)90036-7 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1011376897
267 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
268 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apcata.2009.04.035 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1009032396
269 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
270 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.bej.2006.01.004 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1041036746
271 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
272 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.bioeng.2006.05.026 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1012527787
273 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
274 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.biomaterials.2004.10.012 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1032406790
275 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
276 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cplett.2005.05.027 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1022516791
277 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
278 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cplett.2008.08.039 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1046755779
279 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
280 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.elecom.2006.09.022 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1024111026
281 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
282 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.envint.2006.06.014 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1006796986
283 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
284 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.envpol.2008.10.002 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1038959215
285 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
286 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.eurpolymj.2007.01.021 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1030795559
287 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
288 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.gca.2006.06.011 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1011799584
289 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
290 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.gca.2006.06.1366 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1009688065
291 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
292 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jcat.2006.04.004 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1052423085
293 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
294 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jcat.2009.02.021 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1044073470
295 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
296 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jmmm.2004.09.120 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1026831884
297 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
298 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.matlet.2009.04.009 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1004649407
299 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
300 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.surfrep.2005.08.002 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1047193956
301 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
302 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tca.2007.07.007 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1013982642
303 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
304 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tox.2005.05.007 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1024997810
305 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
306 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tox.2007.12.022 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1036161388
307 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
308 https://doi.org/10.1016/s0920-5861(96)00208-8 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1031773825
309 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
310 https://doi.org/10.1016/s0965-9773(97)00130-x schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1038760890
311 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
312 https://doi.org/10.1016/s1359-6446(03)02903-9 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1038206642
313 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
314 https://doi.org/10.1016/s1631-0713(02)01799-6 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1023751825
315 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
316 https://doi.org/10.1021/cm0511217 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1055411619
317 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
318 https://doi.org/10.1021/cm071410q schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1050826628
319 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
320 https://doi.org/10.1021/cm071827w schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1055413516
321 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
322 https://doi.org/10.1021/cr030698+ schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1042893548
323 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
324 https://doi.org/10.1021/es048099n schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1055497007
325 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
326 https://doi.org/10.1021/es049190u schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1055497480
327 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
328 https://doi.org/10.1021/es049195r schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1055497483
329 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
330 https://doi.org/10.1021/es052069i schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1026648108
331 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
332 https://doi.org/10.1021/es060691k schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1055499278
333 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
334 https://doi.org/10.1021/es060999b schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1008265660
335 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
336 https://doi.org/10.1021/es062726m schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1031340368
337 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
338 https://doi.org/10.1021/es071445r schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1021071888
339 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
340 https://doi.org/10.1021/es800086f schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1055514689
341 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
342 https://doi.org/10.1021/ja808137c schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1055859920
343 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
344 https://doi.org/10.1021/jp000499j schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1056042455
345 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
346 https://doi.org/10.1021/jp011420t schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1056046321
347 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
348 https://doi.org/10.1021/jp012229m schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1056046868
349 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
350 https://doi.org/10.1021/jp026731y schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1039003927
351 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
352 https://doi.org/10.1021/jp712087m schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1022803455
353 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
354 https://doi.org/10.1021/la702998x schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1056161917
355 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
356 https://doi.org/10.1021/nl0347334 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1034740936
357 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
358 https://doi.org/10.1021/nl061025k schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1033474551
359 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
360 https://doi.org/10.1039/b211271j schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1030133622
361 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
362 https://doi.org/10.1039/b407086k schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1007536863
363 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
364 https://doi.org/10.1063/1.122704 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1057686861
365 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
366 https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.0801763105 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1026661243
367 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
368 https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.251534898 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1036357125
369 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
370 https://doi.org/10.1080/1071576042000206487 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1003850132
371 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
372 https://doi.org/10.1080/17435390701727509 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1003604319
373 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
374 https://doi.org/10.1080/17435390902788086 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1015207409
375 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
376 https://doi.org/10.1088/0953-8984/15/2/202 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1043789887
377 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
378 https://doi.org/10.1088/0957-4484/16/10/059 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1026840786
379 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
380 https://doi.org/10.1093/toxsci/kfj084 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1001411351
381 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
382 https://doi.org/10.1093/toxsci/kfj140 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1015736387
383 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
384 https://doi.org/10.1093/toxsci/kfm240 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1006408639
385 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
386 https://doi.org/10.1103/physrevb.40.7642 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1060552478
387 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
388 https://doi.org/10.1103/physrevb.42.7253 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1060555926
389 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
390 https://doi.org/10.1103/physrevb.45.9778 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1060562391
391 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
392 https://doi.org/10.1103/physrevb.50.15575 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1060573096
393 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
394 https://doi.org/10.1103/physrevb.51.10968 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1060574833
395 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
396 https://doi.org/10.1103/physrevb.51.6135 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1060576452
397 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
398 https://doi.org/10.1103/physrevb.52.13177 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1060577397
399 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
400 https://doi.org/10.1103/physrevb.53.16338 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1060579914
401 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
402 https://doi.org/10.1103/physrevb.59.7285 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1060591965
403 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
404 https://doi.org/10.1103/physrevb.62.10548 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1060596725
405 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
406 https://doi.org/10.1103/physrevlett.67.3602 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1060803754
407 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
408 https://doi.org/10.1103/physrevlett.77.99 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1060814650
409 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
410 https://doi.org/10.1126/science.1114397 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1047665854
411 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
412 https://doi.org/10.1126/science.1135080 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1062454910
413 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
414 https://doi.org/10.1126/science.1148614 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1062456479
415 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
416 https://doi.org/10.1126/science.1164170 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1011698890
417 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
418 https://doi.org/10.1126/science.271.5251.933 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1062552242
419 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
420 https://doi.org/10.1126/science.277.5327.788 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1062557605
421 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
422 https://doi.org/10.1136/oem.2004.013243 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1053112013
423 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
424 https://doi.org/10.1289/ehp.7021 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1034007004
425 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
426 https://doi.org/10.1289/ehp.7339 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1021597152
427 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
428 https://doi.org/10.1557/jmr.2005.0403 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1040700974
429 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
430 https://doi.org/10.2174/156652406778195026 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1069185797
431 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
432 https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.147455.6 schema:alternateName Carnegie Mellon University
433 schema:name Carnegie Mellon University, Civil and Environmental Engineering Department, 119 Porter Hall, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania 15213, USA
434 Center for the Environmental Implications of NanoTechnology CEINT, Duke University, 121 Hudson Hall, Durham, North Carolina 27707, USA
435 International Consortium for the Environmental Implications of Nanotechnology iCEINT, Europôle de l'Arbois, 13545 Aix-en-Provence, France
436 rdf:type schema:Organization
437 https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.26009.3d schema:alternateName Duke University
438 schema:name Center for the Environmental Implications of NanoTechnology CEINT, Duke University, 121 Hudson Hall, Durham, North Carolina 27707, USA
439 International Consortium for the Environmental Implications of Nanotechnology iCEINT, Europôle de l'Arbois, 13545 Aix-en-Provence, France
440 rdf:type schema:Organization
441 https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.462088.0 schema:alternateName Chimie de la Matière Condensée de Paris
442 schema:name Center for the Environmental Implications of NanoTechnology CEINT, Duke University, 121 Hudson Hall, Durham, North Carolina 27707, USA
443 International Consortium for the Environmental Implications of Nanotechnology iCEINT, Europôle de l'Arbois, 13545 Aix-en-Provence, France
444 Laboratoire de Chimie de la Matière Condensée de Paris, UMR 7574 CNRS/UPMC, Jussieu, 75252 Paris, France.
445 rdf:type schema:Organization
446 https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.498067.4 schema:alternateName Centre for Research and Teaching in Environmental Geoscience
447 schema:name CEREGE, UMR 6635 CNRS/Aix-Marseille Université, Europôle de l'Arbois, 13545 Aix-en-Provence, France
448 Center for the Environmental Implications of NanoTechnology CEINT, Duke University, 121 Hudson Hall, Durham, North Carolina 27707, USA
449 International Consortium for the Environmental Implications of Nanotechnology iCEINT, Europôle de l'Arbois, 13545 Aix-en-Provence, France
450 rdf:type schema:Organization
 




Preview window. Press ESC to close (or click here)


...