High-yield production of graphene by liquid-phase exfoliation of graphite View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle      Open Access: True


Article Info

DATE

2008-09

AUTHORS

Yenny Hernandez, Valeria Nicolosi, Mustafa Lotya, Fiona M Blighe, Zhenyu Sun, Sukanta De, I T McGovern, Brendan Holland, Michele Byrne, Yurii K Gun'Ko, John J Boland, Peter Niraj, Georg Duesberg, Satheesh Krishnamurthy, Robbie Goodhue, John Hutchison, Vittorio Scardaci, Andrea C Ferrari, Jonathan N Coleman

ABSTRACT

Fully exploiting the properties of graphene will require a method for the mass production of this remarkable material. Two main routes are possible: large-scale growth or large-scale exfoliation. Here, we demonstrate graphene dispersions with concentrations up to approximately 0.01 mg ml(-1), produced by dispersion and exfoliation of graphite in organic solvents such as N-methyl-pyrrolidone. This is possible because the energy required to exfoliate graphene is balanced by the solvent-graphene interaction for solvents whose surface energies match that of graphene. We confirm the presence of individual graphene sheets by Raman spectroscopy, transmission electron microscopy and electron diffraction. Our method results in a monolayer yield of approximately 1 wt%, which could potentially be improved to 7-12 wt% with further processing. The absence of defects or oxides is confirmed by X-ray photoelectron, infrared and Raman spectroscopies. We are able to produce semi-transparent conducting films and conducting composites. Solution processing of graphene opens up a range of potential large-area applications, from device and sensor fabrication to liquid-phase chemistry. More... »

PAGES

563-568

Journal

TITLE

Nature Nanotechnology

ISSUE

9

VOLUME

3

Author Affiliations

Related Patents

  • Graphene Nanodispersion And Method For Preparing Same
  • Viscoelastic Conductive Nanomaterial-Polymer Nanocomposites And Sensing Devices Comprising The Composite Material
  • Graphene Solutions
  • Methods For Preparation Of Concentrated Graphene Compositions And Related Composite Materials
  • Carbon Material And Method For Producing Same
  • Method For Obtaining Solid Graphene Samples Or Suspensions
  • Process For The Production Of Antimicrobial Dental Adhesives Including Graphene And Relative Product Thereof
  • Method For Preparation Of Graphene Using Spontaneous Process
  • Carbon Material And Method For Producing Same
  • Method For Obtaining Solid Graphene Samples Or Suspensions
  • Method Of Increasing The Thickness Of Colloidal Nanosheets And Materials Consisting Of Said Nanosheets
  • Nanostructured Carbon-Based Material
  • Process For The Preparation Of Nano-Scaled Graphene Platelets With A High Dispersibility In Low-Polarity Polymeric Matrixes And Relative Polymeric Compositions
  • Random Graphite And Fabrication Method Thereof Using Graphene Nanoribbon
  • Electrode-Forming Composition
  • Methods For Producing Functionalized Graphenes
  • Sorting Two-Dimensional Nanomaterials By Thickness
  • High-Throughput Solution Processing Of Large Scale Graphene And Device Applications
  • Production Of Graphene Nanoplatelets By Oxidative Anhydrous Acidic Media
  • Methods Of Making Non-Covalently Bonded Carbon-Titania Nanocomposite Thin Films And Applications Of The Same
  • Atomically Thin Crystals And Films And Process For Making Same
  • Sorting Two-Dimensional Nanomaterials By Thickness
  • Methods Of Forming Graphene By Graphite Exfoliation
  • Sorting Two-Dimensional Nanomaterials By Thickness
  • Production Of Graphene
  • Dispersion Method
  • Expandable Thermoplastic Nanocomposite Polymeric Compositions With An Improved Thermal Insulation Capacity
  • Method For Preparing Graphenes
  • Methods For Producing Functionalized Graphenes
  • Ultrathin Graphene Piece, Manufacturing Device For Ultrathin Graphene Piece, Manufacturing Method For Ultrathin Graphene Piece, Capacitor, And Manufacturing Method For Capacitor
  • Process For Producing A Composite Product By A Combination Of Solution And Melt Processing
  • Exfoliating Laminar Material By Ultrasonication In Surfactant
  • High-Throughput Imaging Of Graphene Based Sheets By Fluorescence Quenching Microscopy And Applications Of Same
  • Sorting Two-Dimensional Nanomaterials By Thickness
  • Process For Producing A Composite Product By Combination Of Solution And Melt Processing
  • Functionalised Graphene
  • Process For Manufacturing Colloidal Nanosheets By Lateral Growth Of Nanocrystals
  • Method For Preparing Graphene Sheets From Turbostratic Graphitic Structure And Graphene Sheets Prepared Thereby
  • Atomically Thin Crystals And Films And Process For Making Same
  • Production Of Graphene
  • Methods For Preparation Of Concentrated Graphene Compositions And Related Composite Materials
  • Viscoelastic Conductive Nanomaterial-Polymer Nanocomposites
  • Methods For Preparation Of Concentrated Graphene Ink Compositions And Related Composite Materials
  • Direct Chemical Vapor Deposition Of Graphene On Dielectric Surfaces
  • Methods For Preparation Of Concentrated Graphene Ink Compositions And Related Composite Materials
  • Electrode-Forming Composition
  • Sorting Two-Dimensional Nanomaterials By Thickness
  • Exfoliation Of Layered Materials
  • Exfoliation Of Asphaltenes For Improved Recovery Of Unconventional Oils
  • Method Of Increasing The Thickness Of Colloidal Nanosheets And Materials Consisting Of Said Nanosheets
  • Novel Graphene Nanodispersion And Method For Preparing Same
  • Process For The Thickness Growth Of Colloidal Nanosheets And Materials Composed Of Said Nanosheets
  • Graphene-Based Gas And Bio Sensor With High Sensitivity And Selectivity
  • Method For Producing A Layered (Semi-)Conductive Material
  • Functionalized Graphene And Methods Of Manufacturing The Same
  • Method For Producing Flake Graphene By Direct Exfoliation Of Graphite
  • Method For Producing Few-Layer Graphene
  • Exfoliation Of Asphaltenes
  • Dissolution Of Graphite, Graphite And Graphene Nanoribbons In Superacid Solutions And Manipulation Thereof
  • Scratch-Resistant Liquid Based Coatings For Glass
  • Identifiers

    URI

    http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1038/nnano.2008.215

    DOI

    http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/nnano.2008.215

    DIMENSIONS

    https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1032209533

    PUBMED

    https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/18772919


    Indexing Status Check whether this publication has been indexed by Scopus and Web Of Science using the SN Indexing Status Tool
    Incoming Citations Browse incoming citations for this publication using opencitations.net

    JSON-LD is the canonical representation for SciGraph data.

    TIP: You can open this SciGraph record using an external JSON-LD service: JSON-LD Playground Google SDTT

    [
      {
        "@context": "https://springernature.github.io/scigraph/jsonld/sgcontext.json", 
        "about": [
          {
            "id": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/0912", 
            "inDefinedTermSet": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/", 
            "name": "Materials Engineering", 
            "type": "DefinedTerm"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/09", 
            "inDefinedTermSet": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/", 
            "name": "Engineering", 
            "type": "DefinedTerm"
          }, 
          {
            "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
            "name": "Graphite", 
            "type": "DefinedTerm"
          }, 
          {
            "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
            "name": "Phase Transition", 
            "type": "DefinedTerm"
          }, 
          {
            "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
            "name": "Pyrrolidinones", 
            "type": "DefinedTerm"
          }, 
          {
            "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
            "name": "Spectrum Analysis", 
            "type": "DefinedTerm"
          }
        ], 
        "author": [
          {
            "affiliation": {
              "alternateName": "Trinity College Dublin", 
              "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.8217.c", 
              "name": [
                "School of Physics, Trinity College Dublin, Dublin 2, Ireland."
              ], 
              "type": "Organization"
            }, 
            "familyName": "Hernandez", 
            "givenName": "Yenny", 
            "id": "sg:person.0723634026.99", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.0723634026.99"
            ], 
            "type": "Person"
          }, 
          {
            "familyName": "Nicolosi", 
            "givenName": "Valeria", 
            "id": "sg:person.01120050437.10", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01120050437.10"
            ], 
            "type": "Person"
          }, 
          {
            "familyName": "Lotya", 
            "givenName": "Mustafa", 
            "id": "sg:person.0737100763.57", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.0737100763.57"
            ], 
            "type": "Person"
          }, 
          {
            "familyName": "Blighe", 
            "givenName": "Fiona M", 
            "id": "sg:person.0736652775.65", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.0736652775.65"
            ], 
            "type": "Person"
          }, 
          {
            "familyName": "Sun", 
            "givenName": "Zhenyu", 
            "id": "sg:person.01341062651.18", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01341062651.18"
            ], 
            "type": "Person"
          }, 
          {
            "familyName": "De", 
            "givenName": "Sukanta", 
            "id": "sg:person.0746201576.42", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.0746201576.42"
            ], 
            "type": "Person"
          }, 
          {
            "familyName": "McGovern", 
            "givenName": "I T", 
            "id": "sg:person.015032353767.77", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.015032353767.77"
            ], 
            "type": "Person"
          }, 
          {
            "familyName": "Holland", 
            "givenName": "Brendan", 
            "id": "sg:person.011451625765.32", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.011451625765.32"
            ], 
            "type": "Person"
          }, 
          {
            "familyName": "Byrne", 
            "givenName": "Michele", 
            "id": "sg:person.01235443175.49", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01235443175.49"
            ], 
            "type": "Person"
          }, 
          {
            "familyName": "Gun'Ko", 
            "givenName": "Yurii K", 
            "id": "sg:person.0625653742.84", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.0625653742.84"
            ], 
            "type": "Person"
          }, 
          {
            "familyName": "Boland", 
            "givenName": "John J", 
            "id": "sg:person.01361220376.88", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01361220376.88"
            ], 
            "type": "Person"
          }, 
          {
            "familyName": "Niraj", 
            "givenName": "Peter", 
            "type": "Person"
          }, 
          {
            "familyName": "Duesberg", 
            "givenName": "Georg", 
            "id": "sg:person.0736050601.55", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.0736050601.55"
            ], 
            "type": "Person"
          }, 
          {
            "familyName": "Krishnamurthy", 
            "givenName": "Satheesh", 
            "id": "sg:person.0772730722.07", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.0772730722.07"
            ], 
            "type": "Person"
          }, 
          {
            "familyName": "Goodhue", 
            "givenName": "Robbie", 
            "id": "sg:person.01116056051.46", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01116056051.46"
            ], 
            "type": "Person"
          }, 
          {
            "familyName": "Hutchison", 
            "givenName": "John", 
            "type": "Person"
          }, 
          {
            "familyName": "Scardaci", 
            "givenName": "Vittorio", 
            "id": "sg:person.01125055675.89", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01125055675.89"
            ], 
            "type": "Person"
          }, 
          {
            "familyName": "Ferrari", 
            "givenName": "Andrea C", 
            "id": "sg:person.0737006177.12", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.0737006177.12"
            ], 
            "type": "Person"
          }, 
          {
            "familyName": "Coleman", 
            "givenName": "Jonathan N", 
            "id": "sg:person.01023000725.28", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01023000725.28"
            ], 
            "type": "Person"
          }
        ], 
        "citation": [
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1021/nl072838r", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1000422744"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1021/nl072838r", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1000422744"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1038/nature04233", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1001061831", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1038/nature04233"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1038/nature04233", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1001061831", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1038/nature04233"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1038/nature04233", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1001061831", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1038/nature04233"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1103/physrevlett.97.187401", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1001174697"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1103/physrevlett.97.187401", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1001174697"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/s0927-7757(99)00100-4", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1004743816"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1103/physrevb.69.155406", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1005834662"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1103/physrevb.69.155406", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1005834662"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/j.carbon.2007.02.034", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1007174267"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1038/nature04235", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1009714128", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1038/nature04235"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1038/nature04235", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1009714128", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1038/nature04235"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1038/nature04235", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1009714128", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1038/nature04235"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1002/adma.200702451", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1012620174"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1038/nmat1846", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1016033870", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1038/nmat1846"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1126/science.1150878", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1017724475"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1021/nl0714177", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1018653225"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1021/nl0714177", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1018653225"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1126/science.1102896", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1019008412"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1021/ja060680r", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1019941215"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1021/ja060680r", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1019941215"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/s0009-2614(97)01466-8", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1022789679"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1038/nnano.2007.451", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1025138385", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1038/nnano.2007.451"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1038/nmat2154b", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1026908020", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1038/nmat2154b"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1021/nl080649i", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1027087154"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1021/nl080649i", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1027087154"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1038/nnano.2008.83", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1027154969", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1038/nnano.2008.83"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1038/nature04969", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1029345003", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1038/nature04969"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1038/nature04969", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1029345003", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1038/nature04969"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1038/nature04969", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1029345003", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1038/nature04969"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1038/nature05545", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1030811740", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1038/nature05545"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ssc.2008.02.024", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1034642959"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jct.2005.10.008", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1035622454"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1038/nmat2166", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1036191349", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1038/nmat2166"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.0502848102", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1036398807"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1002/adma.200602912", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1038690204"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1038/nnano.2008.199", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1040606030", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1038/nnano.2008.199"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1126/science.1125925", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1040736915"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1103/physrevlett.100.056807", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1044483195"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1103/physrevlett.100.056807", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1044483195"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/j.carbon.2003.12.074", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1044575983"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1103/physrevb.75.155430", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1045298676"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1103/physrevb.75.155430", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1045298676"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1088/0957-4484/18/45/455705", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1045495689"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/s0009-2614(01)01339-2", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1048332303"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1080/00018738100101367", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1049110862"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1080/00018738100101367", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1049110862"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1088/1367-2630/10/2/023034", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1051215031"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ssc.2007.02.047", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1051658419"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1038/nmat1849", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1052791836", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1038/nmat1849"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1021/cm011620h", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1055408997"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1021/cm011620h", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1055408997"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1021/j150553a013", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1055694084"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1021/ja039588a", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1055835100"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1021/ja039588a", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1055835100"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1021/jp047521j", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1056058147"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1021/jp047521j", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1056058147"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1021/jp0626216", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1056066418"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1021/jp0626216", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1056066418"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1021/jp0723012", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1056071691"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1021/jp0723012", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1056071691"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1103/physrevb.76.075429", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1060622123"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1103/physrevb.76.075429", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1060622123"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1103/physrevlett.100.016602", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1060752631"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1103/physrevlett.100.016602", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1060752631"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1126/science.1078842", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1062447165"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1143/jjap.42.l1073", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1063071073"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }
        ], 
        "datePublished": "2008-09", 
        "datePublishedReg": "2008-09-01", 
        "description": "Fully exploiting the properties of graphene will require a method for the mass production of this remarkable material. Two main routes are possible: large-scale growth or large-scale exfoliation. Here, we demonstrate graphene dispersions with concentrations up to approximately 0.01 mg ml(-1), produced by dispersion and exfoliation of graphite in organic solvents such as N-methyl-pyrrolidone. This is possible because the energy required to exfoliate graphene is balanced by the solvent-graphene interaction for solvents whose surface energies match that of graphene. We confirm the presence of individual graphene sheets by Raman spectroscopy, transmission electron microscopy and electron diffraction. Our method results in a monolayer yield of approximately 1 wt%, which could potentially be improved to 7-12 wt% with further processing. The absence of defects or oxides is confirmed by X-ray photoelectron, infrared and Raman spectroscopies. We are able to produce semi-transparent conducting films and conducting composites. Solution processing of graphene opens up a range of potential large-area applications, from device and sensor fabrication to liquid-phase chemistry.", 
        "genre": "research_article", 
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1038/nnano.2008.215", 
        "inLanguage": [
          "en"
        ], 
        "isAccessibleForFree": true, 
        "isPartOf": [
          {
            "id": "sg:journal.1037429", 
            "issn": [
              "1748-3387", 
              "1748-3395"
            ], 
            "name": "Nature Nanotechnology", 
            "type": "Periodical"
          }, 
          {
            "issueNumber": "9", 
            "type": "PublicationIssue"
          }, 
          {
            "type": "PublicationVolume", 
            "volumeNumber": "3"
          }
        ], 
        "name": "High-yield production of graphene by liquid-phase exfoliation of graphite", 
        "pagination": "563-568", 
        "productId": [
          {
            "name": "readcube_id", 
            "type": "PropertyValue", 
            "value": [
              "9970708af6c0c3b4c383a305c0f41ecd9941f1bfdd14095afbfed1598dcfef3b"
            ]
          }, 
          {
            "name": "pubmed_id", 
            "type": "PropertyValue", 
            "value": [
              "18772919"
            ]
          }, 
          {
            "name": "nlm_unique_id", 
            "type": "PropertyValue", 
            "value": [
              "101283273"
            ]
          }, 
          {
            "name": "doi", 
            "type": "PropertyValue", 
            "value": [
              "10.1038/nnano.2008.215"
            ]
          }, 
          {
            "name": "dimensions_id", 
            "type": "PropertyValue", 
            "value": [
              "pub.1032209533"
            ]
          }
        ], 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://doi.org/10.1038/nnano.2008.215", 
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1032209533"
        ], 
        "sdDataset": "articles", 
        "sdDatePublished": "2019-04-10T19:19", 
        "sdLicense": "https://scigraph.springernature.com/explorer/license/", 
        "sdPublisher": {
          "name": "Springer Nature - SN SciGraph project", 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "sdSource": "s3://com-uberresearch-data-dimensions-target-20181106-alternative/cleanup/v134/2549eaecd7973599484d7c17b260dba0a4ecb94b/merge/v9/a6c9fde33151104705d4d7ff012ea9563521a3ce/jats-lookup/v90/0000000001_0000000264/records_8678_00000589.jsonl", 
        "type": "ScholarlyArticle", 
        "url": "http://www.nature.com/nnano/journal/v3/n9/full/nnano.2008.215.html"
      }
    ]
     

    Download the RDF metadata as:  json-ld nt turtle xml License info

    HOW TO GET THIS DATA PROGRAMMATICALLY:

    JSON-LD is a popular format for linked data which is fully compatible with JSON.

    curl -H 'Accept: application/ld+json' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1038/nnano.2008.215'

    N-Triples is a line-based linked data format ideal for batch operations.

    curl -H 'Accept: application/n-triples' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1038/nnano.2008.215'

    Turtle is a human-readable linked data format.

    curl -H 'Accept: text/turtle' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1038/nnano.2008.215'

    RDF/XML is a standard XML format for linked data.

    curl -H 'Accept: application/rdf+xml' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1038/nnano.2008.215'


     

    This table displays all metadata directly associated to this object as RDF triples.

    340 TRIPLES      21 PREDICATES      79 URIs      25 LITERALS      13 BLANK NODES

    Subject Predicate Object
    1 sg:pub.10.1038/nnano.2008.215 schema:about N17999604c3504bdfacf53679874383ea
    2 Nb415131db2c1450fbadd63016cc74211
    3 Nc64a83b133b94ab5911976077465f493
    4 Nedfb2c5614af455f9a3bc0be1d915a4b
    5 anzsrc-for:09
    6 anzsrc-for:0912
    7 schema:author Nd4d1fd763f5c493194171f866c88626b
    8 schema:citation sg:pub.10.1038/nature04233
    9 sg:pub.10.1038/nature04235
    10 sg:pub.10.1038/nature04969
    11 sg:pub.10.1038/nature05545
    12 sg:pub.10.1038/nmat1846
    13 sg:pub.10.1038/nmat1849
    14 sg:pub.10.1038/nmat2154b
    15 sg:pub.10.1038/nmat2166
    16 sg:pub.10.1038/nnano.2007.451
    17 sg:pub.10.1038/nnano.2008.199
    18 sg:pub.10.1038/nnano.2008.83
    19 https://doi.org/10.1002/adma.200602912
    20 https://doi.org/10.1002/adma.200702451
    21 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.carbon.2003.12.074
    22 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.carbon.2007.02.034
    23 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jct.2005.10.008
    24 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ssc.2007.02.047
    25 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ssc.2008.02.024
    26 https://doi.org/10.1016/s0009-2614(01)01339-2
    27 https://doi.org/10.1016/s0009-2614(97)01466-8
    28 https://doi.org/10.1016/s0927-7757(99)00100-4
    29 https://doi.org/10.1021/cm011620h
    30 https://doi.org/10.1021/j150553a013
    31 https://doi.org/10.1021/ja039588a
    32 https://doi.org/10.1021/ja060680r
    33 https://doi.org/10.1021/jp047521j
    34 https://doi.org/10.1021/jp0626216
    35 https://doi.org/10.1021/jp0723012
    36 https://doi.org/10.1021/nl0714177
    37 https://doi.org/10.1021/nl072838r
    38 https://doi.org/10.1021/nl080649i
    39 https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.0502848102
    40 https://doi.org/10.1080/00018738100101367
    41 https://doi.org/10.1088/0957-4484/18/45/455705
    42 https://doi.org/10.1088/1367-2630/10/2/023034
    43 https://doi.org/10.1103/physrevb.69.155406
    44 https://doi.org/10.1103/physrevb.75.155430
    45 https://doi.org/10.1103/physrevb.76.075429
    46 https://doi.org/10.1103/physrevlett.100.016602
    47 https://doi.org/10.1103/physrevlett.100.056807
    48 https://doi.org/10.1103/physrevlett.97.187401
    49 https://doi.org/10.1126/science.1078842
    50 https://doi.org/10.1126/science.1102896
    51 https://doi.org/10.1126/science.1125925
    52 https://doi.org/10.1126/science.1150878
    53 https://doi.org/10.1143/jjap.42.l1073
    54 schema:datePublished 2008-09
    55 schema:datePublishedReg 2008-09-01
    56 schema:description Fully exploiting the properties of graphene will require a method for the mass production of this remarkable material. Two main routes are possible: large-scale growth or large-scale exfoliation. Here, we demonstrate graphene dispersions with concentrations up to approximately 0.01 mg ml(-1), produced by dispersion and exfoliation of graphite in organic solvents such as N-methyl-pyrrolidone. This is possible because the energy required to exfoliate graphene is balanced by the solvent-graphene interaction for solvents whose surface energies match that of graphene. We confirm the presence of individual graphene sheets by Raman spectroscopy, transmission electron microscopy and electron diffraction. Our method results in a monolayer yield of approximately 1 wt%, which could potentially be improved to 7-12 wt% with further processing. The absence of defects or oxides is confirmed by X-ray photoelectron, infrared and Raman spectroscopies. We are able to produce semi-transparent conducting films and conducting composites. Solution processing of graphene opens up a range of potential large-area applications, from device and sensor fabrication to liquid-phase chemistry.
    57 schema:genre research_article
    58 schema:inLanguage en
    59 schema:isAccessibleForFree true
    60 schema:isPartOf N3daab0eae36042ff976f6ab81aef94f3
    61 Nef5063c4caf24d109a409ac0c6c98dff
    62 sg:journal.1037429
    63 schema:name High-yield production of graphene by liquid-phase exfoliation of graphite
    64 schema:pagination 563-568
    65 schema:productId Nb4e1db8ebc644657a7c69c20e0038dfa
    66 Nc719713b24b149bbbd6d24e355ce4d4b
    67 Nde3a98786f4f459eb07abded1a3bec2e
    68 Nf8130389b6f64613ac4434f8661c1e09
    69 Nfae2eb14441549c282bb9ef79497ccde
    70 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1032209533
    71 https://doi.org/10.1038/nnano.2008.215
    72 schema:sdDatePublished 2019-04-10T19:19
    73 schema:sdLicense https://scigraph.springernature.com/explorer/license/
    74 schema:sdPublisher N6df3e25627854079aa9d2d4b8195db18
    75 schema:url http://www.nature.com/nnano/journal/v3/n9/full/nnano.2008.215.html
    76 sgo:license sg:explorer/license/
    77 sgo:sdDataset articles
    78 rdf:type schema:ScholarlyArticle
    79 N17999604c3504bdfacf53679874383ea schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
    80 schema:name Phase Transition
    81 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
    82 N1945ca567dc24ec19edb134e00ae2f74 rdf:first sg:person.01023000725.28
    83 rdf:rest rdf:nil
    84 N3548ae563c3e44838345e3b5c74901f3 rdf:first sg:person.0736050601.55
    85 rdf:rest Nd3ac5078705c4167982d21dc2c7d4466
    86 N3a3c5ca11fdc46d6be22888b24fe0433 schema:familyName Niraj
    87 schema:givenName Peter
    88 rdf:type schema:Person
    89 N3daab0eae36042ff976f6ab81aef94f3 schema:issueNumber 9
    90 rdf:type schema:PublicationIssue
    91 N43b884f3fd1c4deca4f94a40787b834a rdf:first sg:person.0746201576.42
    92 rdf:rest Nc53843e1588b4aa1883f48b8ff898377
    93 N550d3df5e2804eafb41ff53b8fb0f216 rdf:first N5751230748c34e8b93a22b327b359230
    94 rdf:rest N7c0d3df2bdb24ba8a1c8a48a60f95d00
    95 N561005667d0648d4aee69c51ca35a652 rdf:first sg:person.01235443175.49
    96 rdf:rest N9fdb66f097954b6d93c41adf4a336f78
    97 N5751230748c34e8b93a22b327b359230 schema:familyName Hutchison
    98 schema:givenName John
    99 rdf:type schema:Person
    100 N5beb1607f29d4ac4ab4831f1a832208a rdf:first sg:person.01341062651.18
    101 rdf:rest N43b884f3fd1c4deca4f94a40787b834a
    102 N6df3e25627854079aa9d2d4b8195db18 schema:name Springer Nature - SN SciGraph project
    103 rdf:type schema:Organization
    104 N6dfee99af53b408b9af43ae7eb0f94fa rdf:first sg:person.0737100763.57
    105 rdf:rest Nd4f08e7f914646bda75356081b93ea8c
    106 N77125f50e0c84db39db7ace032da0e4d rdf:first sg:person.01361220376.88
    107 rdf:rest Na737594a638d4c348c5847b10027ee9f
    108 N7c0d3df2bdb24ba8a1c8a48a60f95d00 rdf:first sg:person.01125055675.89
    109 rdf:rest Na1f6e4ac9c7548c9acaf3184013baa04
    110 N9fdb66f097954b6d93c41adf4a336f78 rdf:first sg:person.0625653742.84
    111 rdf:rest N77125f50e0c84db39db7ace032da0e4d
    112 Na1f6e4ac9c7548c9acaf3184013baa04 rdf:first sg:person.0737006177.12
    113 rdf:rest N1945ca567dc24ec19edb134e00ae2f74
    114 Na2acde5daf11477381d11a9a69f29518 rdf:first sg:person.011451625765.32
    115 rdf:rest N561005667d0648d4aee69c51ca35a652
    116 Na737594a638d4c348c5847b10027ee9f rdf:first N3a3c5ca11fdc46d6be22888b24fe0433
    117 rdf:rest N3548ae563c3e44838345e3b5c74901f3
    118 Nb415131db2c1450fbadd63016cc74211 schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
    119 schema:name Graphite
    120 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
    121 Nb4e1db8ebc644657a7c69c20e0038dfa schema:name pubmed_id
    122 schema:value 18772919
    123 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
    124 Nc53843e1588b4aa1883f48b8ff898377 rdf:first sg:person.015032353767.77
    125 rdf:rest Na2acde5daf11477381d11a9a69f29518
    126 Nc64a83b133b94ab5911976077465f493 schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
    127 schema:name Pyrrolidinones
    128 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
    129 Nc719713b24b149bbbd6d24e355ce4d4b schema:name doi
    130 schema:value 10.1038/nnano.2008.215
    131 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
    132 Nd3ac5078705c4167982d21dc2c7d4466 rdf:first sg:person.0772730722.07
    133 rdf:rest Nfca739c6781b40ee84d05df6168afca3
    134 Nd4d1fd763f5c493194171f866c88626b rdf:first sg:person.0723634026.99
    135 rdf:rest Nf89ae33d1084420e849df53f00ae87ab
    136 Nd4f08e7f914646bda75356081b93ea8c rdf:first sg:person.0736652775.65
    137 rdf:rest N5beb1607f29d4ac4ab4831f1a832208a
    138 Nde3a98786f4f459eb07abded1a3bec2e schema:name nlm_unique_id
    139 schema:value 101283273
    140 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
    141 Nedfb2c5614af455f9a3bc0be1d915a4b schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
    142 schema:name Spectrum Analysis
    143 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
    144 Nef5063c4caf24d109a409ac0c6c98dff schema:volumeNumber 3
    145 rdf:type schema:PublicationVolume
    146 Nf8130389b6f64613ac4434f8661c1e09 schema:name readcube_id
    147 schema:value 9970708af6c0c3b4c383a305c0f41ecd9941f1bfdd14095afbfed1598dcfef3b
    148 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
    149 Nf89ae33d1084420e849df53f00ae87ab rdf:first sg:person.01120050437.10
    150 rdf:rest N6dfee99af53b408b9af43ae7eb0f94fa
    151 Nfae2eb14441549c282bb9ef79497ccde schema:name dimensions_id
    152 schema:value pub.1032209533
    153 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
    154 Nfca739c6781b40ee84d05df6168afca3 rdf:first sg:person.01116056051.46
    155 rdf:rest N550d3df5e2804eafb41ff53b8fb0f216
    156 anzsrc-for:09 schema:inDefinedTermSet anzsrc-for:
    157 schema:name Engineering
    158 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
    159 anzsrc-for:0912 schema:inDefinedTermSet anzsrc-for:
    160 schema:name Materials Engineering
    161 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
    162 sg:journal.1037429 schema:issn 1748-3387
    163 1748-3395
    164 schema:name Nature Nanotechnology
    165 rdf:type schema:Periodical
    166 sg:person.01023000725.28 schema:familyName Coleman
    167 schema:givenName Jonathan N
    168 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01023000725.28
    169 rdf:type schema:Person
    170 sg:person.01116056051.46 schema:familyName Goodhue
    171 schema:givenName Robbie
    172 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01116056051.46
    173 rdf:type schema:Person
    174 sg:person.01120050437.10 schema:familyName Nicolosi
    175 schema:givenName Valeria
    176 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01120050437.10
    177 rdf:type schema:Person
    178 sg:person.01125055675.89 schema:familyName Scardaci
    179 schema:givenName Vittorio
    180 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01125055675.89
    181 rdf:type schema:Person
    182 sg:person.011451625765.32 schema:familyName Holland
    183 schema:givenName Brendan
    184 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.011451625765.32
    185 rdf:type schema:Person
    186 sg:person.01235443175.49 schema:familyName Byrne
    187 schema:givenName Michele
    188 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01235443175.49
    189 rdf:type schema:Person
    190 sg:person.01341062651.18 schema:familyName Sun
    191 schema:givenName Zhenyu
    192 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01341062651.18
    193 rdf:type schema:Person
    194 sg:person.01361220376.88 schema:familyName Boland
    195 schema:givenName John J
    196 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01361220376.88
    197 rdf:type schema:Person
    198 sg:person.015032353767.77 schema:familyName McGovern
    199 schema:givenName I T
    200 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.015032353767.77
    201 rdf:type schema:Person
    202 sg:person.0625653742.84 schema:familyName Gun'Ko
    203 schema:givenName Yurii K
    204 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.0625653742.84
    205 rdf:type schema:Person
    206 sg:person.0723634026.99 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.8217.c
    207 schema:familyName Hernandez
    208 schema:givenName Yenny
    209 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.0723634026.99
    210 rdf:type schema:Person
    211 sg:person.0736050601.55 schema:familyName Duesberg
    212 schema:givenName Georg
    213 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.0736050601.55
    214 rdf:type schema:Person
    215 sg:person.0736652775.65 schema:familyName Blighe
    216 schema:givenName Fiona M
    217 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.0736652775.65
    218 rdf:type schema:Person
    219 sg:person.0737006177.12 schema:familyName Ferrari
    220 schema:givenName Andrea C
    221 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.0737006177.12
    222 rdf:type schema:Person
    223 sg:person.0737100763.57 schema:familyName Lotya
    224 schema:givenName Mustafa
    225 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.0737100763.57
    226 rdf:type schema:Person
    227 sg:person.0746201576.42 schema:familyName De
    228 schema:givenName Sukanta
    229 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.0746201576.42
    230 rdf:type schema:Person
    231 sg:person.0772730722.07 schema:familyName Krishnamurthy
    232 schema:givenName Satheesh
    233 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.0772730722.07
    234 rdf:type schema:Person
    235 sg:pub.10.1038/nature04233 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1001061831
    236 https://doi.org/10.1038/nature04233
    237 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    238 sg:pub.10.1038/nature04235 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1009714128
    239 https://doi.org/10.1038/nature04235
    240 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    241 sg:pub.10.1038/nature04969 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1029345003
    242 https://doi.org/10.1038/nature04969
    243 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    244 sg:pub.10.1038/nature05545 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1030811740
    245 https://doi.org/10.1038/nature05545
    246 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    247 sg:pub.10.1038/nmat1846 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1016033870
    248 https://doi.org/10.1038/nmat1846
    249 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    250 sg:pub.10.1038/nmat1849 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1052791836
    251 https://doi.org/10.1038/nmat1849
    252 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    253 sg:pub.10.1038/nmat2154b schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1026908020
    254 https://doi.org/10.1038/nmat2154b
    255 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    256 sg:pub.10.1038/nmat2166 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1036191349
    257 https://doi.org/10.1038/nmat2166
    258 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    259 sg:pub.10.1038/nnano.2007.451 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1025138385
    260 https://doi.org/10.1038/nnano.2007.451
    261 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    262 sg:pub.10.1038/nnano.2008.199 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1040606030
    263 https://doi.org/10.1038/nnano.2008.199
    264 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    265 sg:pub.10.1038/nnano.2008.83 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1027154969
    266 https://doi.org/10.1038/nnano.2008.83
    267 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    268 https://doi.org/10.1002/adma.200602912 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1038690204
    269 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    270 https://doi.org/10.1002/adma.200702451 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1012620174
    271 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    272 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.carbon.2003.12.074 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1044575983
    273 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    274 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.carbon.2007.02.034 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1007174267
    275 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    276 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jct.2005.10.008 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1035622454
    277 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    278 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ssc.2007.02.047 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1051658419
    279 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    280 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ssc.2008.02.024 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1034642959
    281 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    282 https://doi.org/10.1016/s0009-2614(01)01339-2 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1048332303
    283 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    284 https://doi.org/10.1016/s0009-2614(97)01466-8 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1022789679
    285 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    286 https://doi.org/10.1016/s0927-7757(99)00100-4 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1004743816
    287 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    288 https://doi.org/10.1021/cm011620h schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1055408997
    289 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    290 https://doi.org/10.1021/j150553a013 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1055694084
    291 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    292 https://doi.org/10.1021/ja039588a schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1055835100
    293 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    294 https://doi.org/10.1021/ja060680r schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1019941215
    295 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    296 https://doi.org/10.1021/jp047521j schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1056058147
    297 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    298 https://doi.org/10.1021/jp0626216 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1056066418
    299 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    300 https://doi.org/10.1021/jp0723012 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1056071691
    301 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    302 https://doi.org/10.1021/nl0714177 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1018653225
    303 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    304 https://doi.org/10.1021/nl072838r schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1000422744
    305 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    306 https://doi.org/10.1021/nl080649i schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1027087154
    307 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    308 https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.0502848102 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1036398807
    309 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    310 https://doi.org/10.1080/00018738100101367 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1049110862
    311 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    312 https://doi.org/10.1088/0957-4484/18/45/455705 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1045495689
    313 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    314 https://doi.org/10.1088/1367-2630/10/2/023034 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1051215031
    315 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    316 https://doi.org/10.1103/physrevb.69.155406 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1005834662
    317 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    318 https://doi.org/10.1103/physrevb.75.155430 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1045298676
    319 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    320 https://doi.org/10.1103/physrevb.76.075429 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1060622123
    321 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    322 https://doi.org/10.1103/physrevlett.100.016602 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1060752631
    323 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    324 https://doi.org/10.1103/physrevlett.100.056807 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1044483195
    325 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    326 https://doi.org/10.1103/physrevlett.97.187401 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1001174697
    327 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    328 https://doi.org/10.1126/science.1078842 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1062447165
    329 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    330 https://doi.org/10.1126/science.1102896 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1019008412
    331 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    332 https://doi.org/10.1126/science.1125925 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1040736915
    333 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    334 https://doi.org/10.1126/science.1150878 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1017724475
    335 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    336 https://doi.org/10.1143/jjap.42.l1073 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1063071073
    337 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    338 https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.8217.c schema:alternateName Trinity College Dublin
    339 schema:name School of Physics, Trinity College Dublin, Dublin 2, Ireland.
    340 rdf:type schema:Organization
     




    Preview window. Press ESC to close (or click here)


    ...