Topological order and thermal equilibrium in polariton condensates View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle      Open Access: True


Article Info

DATE

2018-02

AUTHORS

Davide Caputo, Dario Ballarini, Galbadrakh Dagvadorj, Carlos Sánchez Muñoz, Milena De Giorgi, Lorenzo Dominici, Kenneth West, Loren N Pfeiffer, Giuseppe Gigli, Fabrice P Laussy, Marzena H Szymańska, Daniele Sanvitto

ABSTRACT

The Berezinskii-Kosterlitz-Thouless phase transition from a disordered to a quasi-ordered state, mediated by the proliferation of topological defects in two dimensions, governs seemingly remote physical systems ranging from liquid helium, ultracold atoms and superconducting thin films to ensembles of spins. Here we observe such a transition in a short-lived gas of exciton-polaritons, bosonic light-matter particles in semiconductor microcavities. The observed quasi-ordered phase, characteristic for an equilibrium two-dimensional bosonic gas, with a decay of coherence in both spatial and temporal domains with the same algebraic exponent, is reproduced with numerical solutions of stochastic dynamics, proving that the mechanism of pairing of the topological defects (vortices) is responsible for the transition to the algebraic order. This is made possible thanks to long polariton lifetimes in high-quality samples and in a reservoir-free region. Our results show that the joint measurement of coherence both in space and time is required to characterize driven-dissipative phase transitions and enable the investigation of topological ordering in open systems. More... »

PAGES

145

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1038/nmat5039

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/nmat5039

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1093152009

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/29200196


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