Structurally ordered intermetallic platinum–cobalt core–shell nanoparticles with enhanced activity and stability as oxygen reduction electrocatalysts View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle     


Article Info

DATE

2012-10-28

AUTHORS

Deli Wang, Huolin L. Xin, Robert Hovden, Hongsen Wang, Yingchao Yu, David A. Muller, Francis J. DiSalvo, Héctor D. Abruña

ABSTRACT

To enhance and optimize nanocatalyst performance and durability for the oxygen reduction reaction in fuel-cell applications, we look beyond Pt–metal disordered alloys and describe a new class of Pt–Co nanocatalysts composed of ordered Pt3Co intermetallic cores with a 2–3 atomic-layer-thick platinum shell. These nanocatalysts exhibited over 200% increase in mass activity and over 300% increase in specific activity when compared with the disordered Pt3Co alloy nanoparticles as well as Pt/C. So far, this mass activity for the oxygen reduction reaction is the highest among the Pt–Co systems reported in the literature under similar testing conditions. Stability tests showed a minimal loss of activity after 5,000 potential cycles and the ordered core–shell structure was maintained virtually intact, as established by atomic-scale elemental mapping. The high activity and stability are attributed to the Pt-rich shell and the stable intermetallic Pt3Co core arrangement. These ordered nanoparticles provide a new direction for catalyst performance optimization for next-generation fuel cells. More... »

PAGES

81-87

Journal

TITLE

Nature Materials

ISSUE

1

VOLUME

12

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1038/nmat3458

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/nmat3458

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1034908848

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23104154


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