From anisotropic photo-fluidity towards nanomanipulation in the optical near-field View Full Text


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Article Info

DATE

2005-08-21

AUTHORS

Peter Karageorgiev, Dieter Neher, Burkhard Schulz, Burkhard Stiller, Ullrich Pietsch, Michael Giersig, Ludwig Brehmer

ABSTRACT

An increase in random molecular vibrations of a solid owing to heating above the melting point leads to a decrease in its long-range order and a loss of structural symmetry. Therefore conventional liquids are isotropic media. Here we report on a light-induced isothermal transition of a polymer film from an isotropic solid to an anisotropic liquid state in which the degree of mechanical anisotropy can be controlled by light. Whereas during irradiation by circular polarized light the film behaves as an isotropic viscoelastic fluid, it shows considerable fluidity only in the direction parallel to the light field vector under linear polarized light. The fluidization phenomenon is related to photoinduced motion of azobenzene-functionalized molecular units, which can be effectively activated only when their transition dipole moments are oriented close to the direction of the light polarization. We also describe here how the photofluidization allows nanoscopic elements of matter to be precisely manipulated. More... »

PAGES

699-703

References to SciGraph publications

  • 2004-04-25. Fast liquid-crystal elastomer swims into the dark in NATURE MATERIALS
  • 1995. Photons and Forces I: Light Generates Force in FORCES IN SCANNING PROBE METHODS
  • 2004-03. Cavity cooling of a single atom in NATURE
  • 2001-12. On Interconversion of Various Material Functions of PMMA in MECHANICS OF TIME-DEPENDENT MATERIALS
  • Identifiers

    URI

    http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1038/nmat1459

    DOI

    http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/nmat1459

    DIMENSIONS

    https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1005811992

    PUBMED

    https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/16113680


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