Fully human, HLA-DR-specific monoclonal antibodies efficiently induce programmed death of malignant lymphoid cells View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle     


Article Info

DATE

2002-08

AUTHORS

Zoltan A. Nagy, Bernd Hubner, Corinna Löhning, Robert Rauchenberger, Silke Reiffert, Elisabeth Thomassen-Wolf, Stefan Zahn, Sigmar Leyer, Eva M. Schier, Angelika Zahradnik, Christoph Brunner, Kurt Lobenwein, Benno Rattel, Michael Stanglmaier, Michael Hallek, Mark Wing, Steve Anderson, Matt Dunn, Titus Kretzschmar, Michael Tesar

ABSTRACT

The Human Combinatorial Antibody Library (HuCAL) was screened for antibodies specific to human leukocyte antigen-DR (HLA-DR) that induce programmed death of lymphoma/leukemia cells expressing the target antigen. The active Fab fragments were affinity-matured, and engineered to IgG(4) antibodies of sub-nanomolar affinity. The antibodies exhibited potent in vitro tumoricidal activity on several lymphoma and leukemia cell lines and on chronic lymphocytic leukemia patient samples. They were also active in vivo in xenograft models of non-Hodgkin lymphoma. Cell death occurred rapidly, without the need for exogenous immunological effector mechanisms, and was selective to activated/tumor-transformed cells. Although the expression of HLA-DR on normal hematopoietic cells is a potential safety concern, the antibodies caused no long-lasting hematological toxicity in primates, in vivo. Such monoclonal antibodies offer the potential for a novel therapeutic approach to lymphoid malignancies. More... »

PAGES

801

Journal

TITLE

Nature Medicine

ISSUE

8

VOLUME

8

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  • Identifiers

    URI

    http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1038/nm736

    DOI

    http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/nm736

    DIMENSIONS

    https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1045584999

    PUBMED

    https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/12101408


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