Hydrogen acts as a therapeutic antioxidant by selectively reducing cytotoxic oxygen radicals View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle     


Article Info

DATE

2007-06

AUTHORS

Ikuroh Ohsawa, Masahiro Ishikawa, Kumiko Takahashi, Megumi Watanabe, Kiyomi Nishimaki, Kumi Yamagata, Ken-Ichiro Katsura, Yasuo Katayama, Sadamitsu Asoh, Shigeo Ohta

ABSTRACT

Acute oxidative stress induced by ischemia-reperfusion or inflammation causes serious damage to tissues, and persistent oxidative stress is accepted as one of the causes of many common diseases including cancer. We show here that hydrogen (H(2)) has potential as an antioxidant in preventive and therapeutic applications. We induced acute oxidative stress in cultured cells by three independent methods. H(2) selectively reduced the hydroxyl radical, the most cytotoxic of reactive oxygen species (ROS), and effectively protected cells; however, H(2) did not react with other ROS, which possess physiological roles. We used an acute rat model in which oxidative stress damage was induced in the brain by focal ischemia and reperfusion. The inhalation of H(2) gas markedly suppressed brain injury by buffering the effects of oxidative stress. Thus H(2) can be used as an effective antioxidant therapy; owing to its ability to rapidly diffuse across membranes, it can reach and react with cytotoxic ROS and thus protect against oxidative damage. More... »

PAGES

688-694

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1038/nm1577

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/nm1577

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1031138180

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/17486089


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