Production of infectious hepatitis C virus in tissue culture from a cloned viral genome View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle      Open Access: True


Article Info

DATE

2005-07

AUTHORS

Takaji Wakita, Thomas Pietschmann, Takanobu Kato, Tomoko Date, Michiko Miyamoto, Zijiang Zhao, Krishna Murthy, Anja Habermann, Hans-Georg Kräusslich, Masashi Mizokami, Ralf Bartenschlager, T Jake Liang

ABSTRACT

Hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection causes chronic liver diseases and is a global public health problem. Detailed analyses of HCV have been hampered by the lack of viral culture systems. Subgenomic replicons of the JFH1 genotype 2a strain cloned from an individual with fulminant hepatitis replicate efficiently in cell culture. Here we show that the JFH1 genome replicates efficiently and supports secretion of viral particles after transfection into a human hepatoma cell line (Huh7). Particles have a density of about 1.15-1.17 g/ml and a spherical morphology with an average diameter of about 55 nm. Secreted virus is infectious for Huh7 cells and infectivity can be neutralized by CD81-specific antibodies and by immunoglobulins from chronically infected individuals. The cell culture-generated HCV is infectious for chimpanzee. This system provides a powerful tool for studying the viral life cycle and developing antiviral strategies. More... »

PAGES

791-796

Journal

TITLE

Nature Medicine

ISSUE

7

VOLUME

11

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  • Identifiers

    URI

    http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1038/nm1268

    DOI

    http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/nm1268

    DIMENSIONS

    https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1042875201

    PUBMED

    https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/15951748


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