lncRNA MIR100HG-derived miR-100 and miR-125b mediate cetuximab resistance via Wnt/β-catenin signaling View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle      Open Access: True


Article Info

DATE

2017-11

AUTHORS

Yuanyuan Lu, Xiaodi Zhao, Qi Liu, Cunxi Li, Ramona Graves-Deal, Zheng Cao, Bhuminder Singh, Jeffrey L Franklin, Jing Wang, Huaying Hu, Tianying Wei, Mingli Yang, Timothy J Yeatman, Ethan Lee, Kenyi Saito-Diaz, Scott Hinger, James G Patton, Christine H Chung, Stephan Emmrich, Jan-Henning Klusmann, Daiming Fan, Robert J Coffey

ABSTRACT

De novo and acquired resistance, which are largely attributed to genetic alterations, are barriers to effective anti-epidermal-growth-factor-receptor (EGFR) therapy. To generate cetuximab-resistant cells, we exposed cetuximab-sensitive colorectal cancer cells to cetuximab in three-dimensional culture. Using whole-exome sequencing and transcriptional profiling, we found that the long non-coding RNA MIR100HG and two embedded microRNAs, miR-100 and miR-125b, were overexpressed in the absence of known genetic events linked to cetuximab resistance. MIR100HG, miR-100 and miR-125b overexpression was also observed in cetuximab-resistant colorectal cancer and head and neck squamous cell cancer cell lines and in tumors from colorectal cancer patients that progressed on cetuximab. miR-100 and miR-125b coordinately repressed five Wnt/β-catenin negative regulators, resulting in increased Wnt signaling, and Wnt inhibition in cetuximab-resistant cells restored cetuximab responsiveness. Our results describe a double-negative feedback loop between MIR100HG and the transcription factor GATA6, whereby GATA6 represses MIR100HG, but this repression is relieved by miR-125b targeting of GATA6. These findings identify a clinically actionable, epigenetic cause of cetuximab resistance. More... »

PAGES

1331-1341

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  • Identifiers

    URI

    http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1038/nm.4424

    DOI

    http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/nm.4424

    DIMENSIONS

    https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1092233759

    PUBMED

    https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/29035371


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