Osteoblast-derived WNT16 represses osteoclastogenesis and prevents cortical bone fragility fractures View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle      Open Access: True


Article Info

DATE

2014-11

AUTHORS

Sofia Movérare-Skrtic, Petra Henning, Xianwen Liu, Kenichi Nagano, Hiroaki Saito, Anna E Börjesson, Klara Sjögren, Sara H Windahl, Helen Farman, Bert Kindlund, Cecilia Engdahl, Antti Koskela, Fu-Ping Zhang, Emma E Eriksson, Farasat Zaman, Ann Hammarstedt, Hanna Isaksson, Marta Bally, Ali Kassem, Catharina Lindholm, Olof Sandberg, Per Aspenberg, Lars Sävendahl, Jian Q Feng, Jan Tuckermann, Juha Tuukkanen, Matti Poutanen, Roland Baron, Ulf H Lerner, Francesca Gori, Claes Ohlsson

ABSTRACT

The WNT16 locus is a major determinant of cortical bone thickness and nonvertebral fracture risk in humans. The disability, mortality and costs caused by osteoporosis-induced nonvertebral fractures are enormous. We demonstrate here that Wnt16-deficient mice develop spontaneous fractures as a result of low cortical thickness and high cortical porosity. In contrast, trabecular bone volume is not altered in these mice. Mechanistic studies revealed that WNT16 is osteoblast derived and inhibits human and mouse osteoclastogenesis both directly by acting on osteoclast progenitors and indirectly by increasing expression of osteoprotegerin (Opg) in osteoblasts. The signaling pathway activated by WNT16 in osteoclast progenitors is noncanonical, whereas the pathway activated in osteoblasts is both canonical and noncanonical. Conditional Wnt16 inactivation revealed that osteoblast-lineage cells are the principal source of WNT16, and its targeted deletion in osteoblasts increases fracture susceptibility. Thus, osteoblast-derived WNT16 is a previously unreported key regulator of osteoclastogenesis and fracture susceptibility. These findings open new avenues for the specific prevention or treatment of nonvertebral fractures, a substantial unmet medical need. More... »

PAGES

1279-1288

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1038/nm.3654

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/nm.3654

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1046802624

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25306233


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