Contrasting response of European forest and grassland energy exchange to heatwaves View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle      Open Access: True


Article Info

DATE

2010-09-05

AUTHORS

Adriaan J. Teuling, Sonia I. Seneviratne, Reto Stöckli, Markus Reichstein, Eddy Moors, Philippe Ciais, Sebastiaan Luyssaert, Bart van den Hurk, Christof Ammann, Christian Bernhofer, Ebba Dellwik, Damiano Gianelle, Bert Gielen, Thomas Grünwald, Katja Klumpp, Leonardo Montagnani, Christine Moureaux, Matteo Sottocornola, Georg Wohlfahrt

ABSTRACT

Recent European heatwaves have raised interest in the impact of land cover conditions on temperature extremes. At present, it is believed that such extremes are enhanced by stronger surface heating of the atmosphere, when soil moisture content is below average. However, the impact of land cover on the exchange of water and energy and the interaction of this exchange with the soil water balance during heatwaves is largely unknown. Here we analyse observations from an extensive network of flux towers in Europe that reveal a difference between the temporal responses of forest and grassland ecosystems during heatwaves. We find that initially, surface heating is twice as high over forest than over grassland. Over grass, heating is suppressed by increased evaporation in response to increased solar radiation and temperature. Ultimately, however, this process accelerates soil moisture depletion and induces a critical shift in the regional climate system that leads to increased heating. We propose that this mechanism may explain the extreme temperatures in August 2003. We conclude that the conservative water use of forest contributes to increased temperatures in the short term, but mitigates the impact of the most extreme heat and/or long-lasting events. More... »

PAGES

722-727

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1038/ngeo950

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/ngeo950

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1029878809


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16 schema:description Recent European heatwaves have raised interest in the impact of land cover conditions on temperature extremes. At present, it is believed that such extremes are enhanced by stronger surface heating of the atmosphere, when soil moisture content is below average. However, the impact of land cover on the exchange of water and energy and the interaction of this exchange with the soil water balance during heatwaves is largely unknown. Here we analyse observations from an extensive network of flux towers in Europe that reveal a difference between the temporal responses of forest and grassland ecosystems during heatwaves. We find that initially, surface heating is twice as high over forest than over grassland. Over grass, heating is suppressed by increased evaporation in response to increased solar radiation and temperature. Ultimately, however, this process accelerates soil moisture depletion and induces a critical shift in the regional climate system that leads to increased heating. We propose that this mechanism may explain the extreme temperatures in August 2003. We conclude that the conservative water use of forest contributes to increased temperatures in the short term, but mitigates the impact of the most extreme heat and/or long-lasting events.
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23 European forests
24 European heatwaves
25 atmosphere
26 balance
27 climate system
28 conditions
29 conservative water use
30 content
31 contributes
32 cover
33 cover conditions
34 critical shift
35 depletion
36 differences
37 ecosystems
38 energy
39 energy exchange
40 evaporation
41 events
42 exchange
43 exchange of water
44 extensive network
45 extreme heat
46 extreme temperatures
47 extremes
48 flux towers
49 forest
50 grass
51 grassland ecosystems
52 grasslands
53 heat
54 heating
55 heatwaves
56 impact
57 interaction
58 interest
59 land cover
60 land cover conditions
61 mechanism
62 moisture content
63 moisture depletion
64 network
65 observations
66 present
67 process
68 radiation
69 regional climate system
70 response
71 shift
72 short term
73 soil moisture content
74 soil moisture depletion
75 soil water balance
76 solar radiation
77 strong surface heating
78 such extremes
79 surface heating
80 system
81 temperature
82 temperature extremes
83 temporal response
84 terms
85 tower
86 use
87 water
88 water balance
89 water use
90 schema:name Contrasting response of European forest and grassland energy exchange to heatwaves
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