Processes and patterns of oceanic nutrient limitation View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle      Open Access: True


Article Info

DATE

2013-03-31

AUTHORS

C. M. Moore, M. M. Mills, K. R. Arrigo, I. Berman-Frank, L. Bopp, P. W. Boyd, E. D. Galbraith, R. J. Geider, C. Guieu, S. L. Jaccard, T. D. Jickells, J. La Roche, T. M. Lenton, N. M. Mahowald, E. Marañón, I. Marinov, J. K. Moore, T. Nakatsuka, A. Oschlies, M. A. Saito, T. F. Thingstad, A. Tsuda, O. Ulloa

ABSTRACT

Microbial activity is a fundamental component of oceanic nutrient cycles. Photosynthetic microbes, collectively termed phytoplankton, are responsible for the vast majority of primary production in marine waters. The availability of nutrients in the upper ocean frequently limits the activity and abundance of these organisms. Experimental data have revealed two broad regimes of phytoplankton nutrient limitation in the modern upper ocean. Nitrogen availability tends to limit productivity throughout much of the surface low-latitude ocean, where the supply of nutrients from the subsurface is relatively slow. In contrast, iron often limits productivity where subsurface nutrient supply is enhanced, including within the main oceanic upwelling regions of the Southern Ocean and the eastern equatorial Pacific. Phosphorus, vitamins and micronutrients other than iron may also (co-)limit marine phytoplankton. The spatial patterns and importance of co-limitation, however, remain unclear. Variability in the stoichiometries of nutrient supply and biological demand are key determinants of oceanic nutrient limitation. Deciphering the mechanisms that underpin this variability, and the consequences for marine microbes, will be a challenge. But such knowledge will be crucial for accurately predicting the consequences of ongoing anthropogenic perturbations to oceanic nutrient biogeochemistry. More... »

PAGES

701-710

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  • Journal

    TITLE

    Nature Geoscience

    ISSUE

    9

    VOLUME

    6

    Author Affiliations

  • Ocean and Earth Science, University of Southampton, National Oceanography Centre, Southampton, European Way, SO14 3ZH, Southampton, UK
  • Department of Environmental Earth System Science, Stanford University, 94305, Stanford, California, USA
  • Mina and Everard Goodman Faculty of Life Sciences, Bar Ilan University, 5290002, Ramat Gan, Israel
  • Laboratoire des Sciences du Climat et de l'Environnement, UVSQ, IPSL, CEA, CNRS, Gif-sur-Yvette, France
  • Institute for Marine and Antarctic Studies, University of Tasmania, Private Bag 129, 7001, Hobart, TAS, Australia
  • Department of Earth and Planetary Science, McGill University, Montreal, QC, Canada
  • School of Biological Sciences, University of Essex, CO4 3SQ, Colchester, UK
  • Laboratoire d'Océanographie de Villefranche/Mer, CNRS-INSU UMR7093, Université Pierre et Marie Curie—Paris 6, F-06230, Villefranche-sur-Mer, France
  • Department of Earth Sciences, Geological Institute, ETH Zurich, CH-8092, Zurich, Switzerland
  • Laboratory for Global Marine and Atmospheric Chemistry, School of Environmental Sciences, University of East Anglia, Norwich, UK
  • Department of Biology, Dalhousie University, Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada
  • College of Life and Environmental Sciences, University of Exeter, Hatherly Laboratories, Prince of Wales Road, EX4 4PS, Exeter, UK
  • Department of Earth and Atmospheric Sciences, Cornell University, 14850, Ithaca, New York, USA
  • Departamento de Ecología y Biología Animal, Universidad de Vigo, Campus Lagoas-Marcosende, 36310, Vigo, Spain
  • Department of Earth and Environmental Science, University of Pennsylvania, 240 South 33rd Street, 19104, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA
  • Earth System Science, University of California, 92697, Irvine, California, USA
  • Graduate School of Environmental Studies, Nagoya University, 464-8601, Nagoya, Japan
  • Helmholtz-Zentrum für Ozeanforschung Kiel (GEOMAR), D-24105, Kiel, Germany
  • Marine Chemistry and Geochemistry Department, Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, 02543, Woods Hole, Massachusetts, USA
  • Department of Biology, University of Bergen, 5020, Bergen, Norway
  • Atmosphere and Ocean Research Institute, University of Tokyo, 277-8564, Kashiwa, Chiba, Japan
  • Departamento de Oceanografía, Universidad de Concepción, Casilla 160-C, 4070386, Concepción, Chile
  • Identifiers

    URI

    http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1038/ngeo1765

    DOI

    http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/ngeo1765

    DIMENSIONS

    https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1012442039


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