CpG islands of chicken are concentrated on microchromosomes View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle     


Article Info

DATE

1996-03

AUTHORS

H A McQueen, J Fantes, S H Cross, V H Clark, A L Archibald, A P Bird

ABSTRACT

The chicken karyotype comprises 39 chromosome pairs of which at least 29 are 'microchromosomes'. Microchromosomes account for about 25% of the genomic DNA, but they are cytologically indistinguishable from one another (1). Due to technical limitations there is a strong bias of mapped genes within the chicken genome database ChickGBASE (2) towards macrochromosomes 1-6 and Z, with specific assignments to only one microchromosome (3,4). Several genes have, however, been assigned to the microchromosome group as a whole (3,5-9), demonstrating that these tiny chromosomes do not represent genetically inert DNA. To determine the overall chromosomal distribution of genes, as well as to provide a mapping resource, we prepared a CpG island library from chicken using differential binding to a methyl-CpG chicken using differential binding to a methyl-CpG binding column before and after de novo methylation (10). Surprisingly, we found that chicken CpG islands are highly concentrated on the microchromosomes, whereas macrochromosomes 1-6 are comparatively gene-poor by this assay. Our results raise the possibility that gene density on chicken microchromosomes approaches the maximum value known for vertebrates. More... »

PAGES

321-324

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1038/ng0396-321

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/ng0396-321

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1016942979

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/8589727


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